14.2 Harriet Beecher Stowe Propaganda Stephen Douglas John Brown The hope that Henry Clay’s compromise will settle the dispute over the issue of slavery begins to fall apart. NORTH California becomes a free state Banned Slave trade in Washington, DC Fugitive Slave Act will be enforced Popular Sovereignty will decide question of slavery in the Mexican Cession Government officials could arrest any person accused or being a runaway slave North citizens must assist in the capture of a fugitive slave Fugitive Slave Law is very controversial part of the Compromise of 1850. Many runaway slaves were sent back to the South even if they had runaway and lived as a freed person for years Many runaway slaves fled to Canada (no slavery in Canada, or Britain) Even Freedmen went to Canada Written by Harriet Beecher Stowe She wrote “something to make this whole nation feel what an accursed thing slavery is” Bestseller in the North Many Southerners thought this book as propaganda http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VL4tEReHOM Page 492-493 1854 encouraged by Stephen Douglas of Illinois Purpose to get a railroad from Illinois to Nebraska territory Proposed dividing land North of the Missouri Compromise of 1820 line: 36.30 Latitude line Kansas and Nebraska territory New states to be agreed through popular soveignty Southerners loved it! Why? Northerners hated it! President Pierce signs it into action for prospertity Douglas and Pierce the settling of the Kansas and Nebraska Act will “forever banish from the halls of Congress” But, OH HOW WRONG Kansas wanted to come into the Union as a Free State Many proslavery and antislavery advocates fled into Kansas territory so they can vote on the issue of slavery Missourians were determined to make Kansas a slave state Voting was protested by Antislavery when the slave government was elected Fighting between anti-slavery groups and Proslavery groups breaks out People were killed which is why it is called “Bleeding Kansas”. Anti-slavery advocate Murdered five Pro-slavery people This set up breakout of violence on both sides Blood was shed In a speech in Congress, Sumner speaks out against Pro-Slavery and focuses his speech on Andrew Butler, a Senator from South Carolina Butler’s nephew comes into the Senate chamber a few days later and cane-whips Sumner injuring him seriously Many Southerners felt like Sumner got what he deserved Some even sent Butler canes to show support Took Sumner 2 years before he was well enough to come back o the Senate Now blood is being shed over slavery in Congress Must we deal with the elephant now?