Education Developments in Colombia January 25th, 2016 General Facts General Facts Capital: Bogotá Population: 48 million (55% < 30 years old) Total area: 799,389 square miles (land area – 440,831 square miles) 3 times the size of California and twice the size of Texas. Biodiversity: With more than 54,000 species, Colombia is one of the 17 megadiverse countries in the world (70% of planet’s biodiversity) Location: Only country in South America with access to both the Atlantic and the Pacific Oceans Strategically located in Latin America Dynamic Economy 2nd largest Spanish speaking country in the world and among the 30 most populated Population 2015* Million 204.5 120.8 91.6 87.1 81.1 Source: DANE, 2015; EIU – FMI. 2015. 64.2 50.7 48.0 35.8 31.9 31.0 23.9 17.9 10.6 9.8 8.6 8.2 8.1 7.3 5.5 5.2 4.6 Colombia has continuously decreased its poverty levels 50% Percentage of people in poverty 2002 – 2014 Poverty 31% 28% 18% Extreme poverty 9% 2002 2003 2004 2005 2008 2009 2010 Source: Poverty: National Administrative Department of Statistics – DANE Middle class: The gained decade: the evolution of the middle class in Colombia between 2002 and 2011. Documento CEDE # 50. Universidad de los Andes. And RADDAR for 2013 data. 2011 2012 2013 8% 2014 A rapidly expanding middle class Average real growth of consumer expenditure, 2014 – 2018 5.5% 4.7% 4.2% 4.1% 2.9% * Calculus based on a 4.6% GDP growth/ Middle class: Monthly household income between 3.2MW and 13MW (MW) Minimum wage in Colombia 2014: USD 320. Source: Fedesarrollo (2013) and Euromonitor Education in Colombia Education Facts In 1985, just 65.5% of eligible students were enrolled in primary school. Today, that figure is over Illiteracy: 5.7% Government Goal: Illiteracy below 2% by 2018 90%. Education Facts Significant resources will be invested in order to achieve the country’s goals; 2015 Education Budget will be the largest national budget for any Ministry (Even larger than Defense and Security) $13 Billion U.S. Dollars in 2016 Education Facts Children between 6 and 12 years go to primary school. Secondary school takes 4 years, just as in the Netherlands. University • Primary and Secondary School are Free Secondary School Big Challenge Only 45% of students are reaching College Education. Primary School Higher Education in Colombia Institution Universidad de los Andes Universidad Nacional de Colombia Pontificia Universidad Javeriana Universidad Externado de Colombia Universidad de Antioquia Universidad de La Sabana Universidad del Norte Universidad del Rosario Universidad del Valle Universidad Industrial de Santander 283 QS University Latin American Rankings 2015 7 QS University Colombia Rankings 2015 1 290 13 2 401-410 27 3 441-450 66 4 601-650 701+ 701+ 701+ 701+ 27 54 80 46 51 5 6 7 8 9 701+ 84 10 QS University World Rankings 2015 Community Colleges are also Vital • (Servicio Nacional de Aprendizaje), or the National Training Service Colombian public institution that provides free vocational and technical training to around 9 million Colombians annually • SENA aims to develop and expand a technically skilled workforce to respond to the needs of Colombian national development and an increasingly international economy. Top 10 Most Popular University Majors 1. Business Administration 2. Engineering 3. Political Science 4. Law 5. Medicine 6. Foreign Affairs 7. Culinary School 8. Accounting 9. Advertising 10.Psychology Government Milestones in Education Education Milestones • Eradicating illiteracy. the National Literacy Program succeeded in reducing the illiteracy rate from 6.2% in 2010 to 5.8% in 2014, benefiting a total of 419,082 illiterate adults. • National Education Infrastructure Plan to construct 30 thousand new classrooms in 1,500 educational institutes, which will cover 60% of today’s deficit, reducing inequality. • Free public education for 8.9 million children and youth from primary to secondary school. • More than 2 million high school students enrolled in college (50% of total students finishing high school). Government Goals 2025 Goals by 2025 Key Education Goals • Bilingualism must be part country’s educational leap. of the Urgency of educating "scientists, engineers and entrepreneurs that are bilingual , and thus able to compete with the best in the world." • Preservice training ‘Tras la excelencia docente’, Chosen by President Santos as the tool to select, train, and evaluate teachers and thus ensure the progress of Colombia’s education. Payment Formation in service Selection Evaluation to improve the service Bilingualism “The Knowledge of a second language it’s a national policy in Colombia Signed in the law 16151 of 2013” Colombia has two big programs of bilingualism: • “National Program of Bilingualism “ • “Colombia Very Well” Big Effort to increase English proficiency in the public education system Foreign teachers become teacher trainers and high school teachers. During its first year it has benefited more than 98,000 students. Goals in Bilingualism 2014-2018 • Colombian government has developed the “Colombia Bilingüe 2014-2018” program. • Government seeks to raise the level of pre intermediate B1 English from 2% to 8% by 2018. • It also aims to raise the level of basic level B2 from 7% to 35% by 2018. • These targets will allow students to have better communication skills and to have access to better job and professional opportunities. • • The National Program of Bilingualism and Colombia Very Well expect that teachers can raise the level C1 and C2 for reaching the level required for the Common European Framework. CURRENTExchange EXCHANGE PROGRAMS ENGLISH Current English Programs Colombia has several cooperation agreements with institutions such as: Thanks to these agreements, 35 universities around the country had the opportunity of enrolling 103 foreign language assistants in their language degree programs CURRENT EXCHANGE PROGRAMS ENGLISH Important English Training Initiatives 1. English language training for Public School Teachers: Intensive language training for 70 Colombian Public School Teachers was held at the University of California (Nov) 2. Eje Cafetero English Immersion Program: 130 Colombian Public School teachers participated in an English Immersion Program (Nov 16 – Dec 4) taught by Volunteer Native Speakers 3. Support for Colombia Bilingue 2015-2018 Program: Number of Peace Corps volunteers increased to 100, thus reaching double the number of “departamentos” that they were reaching in 2014. Academic Mobility Programs Nexo Global The SENA Colombia – U.S Community Colleges (100,00 Strong in the Americas) Icetex Scholarships Colfuturo Scholarships Colombia Challenge your Knowledge Land-Grant University Nexo Global Program of International mobility with emphasis on research and innovation in STEAM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Agriculture and Math) aimed at undergrad, grad students and researchers. Type of Program: Internship and scholarship (6 months) Program Location: Germany, Canada, United States, France, United Kingdom, Brazil, Chile, Spain, Mexico. Current Agreements: Georgia Tech Cornell, Purdue, and 100K Strong (SENA – Community Colleges) The SENA COLOMBIA – U.S. COMMUNITY COLLEGES COMPETITION large-scale effort to construct longterm partnerships between the most innovative professional and technical training institutions in these two countries. Innovation Fund aims to promote and achieve the internationalization of training programs, curricula, and the institutions themselves via joint partnerships and collaborative initiatives. - Innovation Research Differentiation Languages (Bilingualism) Program Location: United States Type of Program: Teaching, Scholarship 100K Strong (SENA – Community Colleges) 2 key Milestones: 1. 5 Projects from SENA won a financing of $40,000 USD each in the 8th round of the Innovation Fund Competition 2. 2 Projects, one from EAFIT and one from Universidad del Norte (both in association with Purdue University) won in the 9th round of the Innovation Fund Competition. Colfuturo Scholarships Colombian professionals interested in pursuing a Master's, Doctoral or Post Doctoral degree in areas such as: • • • • • • Business Architecture and Design Political Sciences Basic Sciences Engineering Arts Type of Program: 2.000 Scholarships per year Program Location: Germany, Australia, Canada, Costa Rica, Denmark, Spain, United States, France, Italy, United Kingdom, Netherlands, Sweden. Colombia Scientific Program Managed by Ministry of Education aimed at developing the national scientific ecosystem through partnerships with foreign universities. Objective of Program: Train more 10,000 new PhD’s abroad. Program Location: Germany, Australia, Canada, Costa Rica, Denmark, Spain, United States, France, Italy, United Kingdom, Netherlands, Sweden. ICETEX Scholarships ICETEX is the Colombian Government Entity in charge of channeling all international cooperation scholarships offered by Governments, International Organizations, and Universities • • • • Agriculture Education Sciences Administration Type of Program: Currently 20 Scholarships Programs Program Locations: • United States • Africa • Europe • Asia Colombian Challenge your Knowledge Network of 20 Colombian Accredited Universities to promote and disseminate Colombian research, academic and outreach programs abroad, strengthen the internationalization of the Accredited Universities of Colombia, study current trends in internationalization, and promote quality processes in all Colombian higher education institutions. Type of Program: Service Learning Program Location: Colombia Land Grant University Purpose of the LGU program in Colombia: • Build human capacity in agricultural disciplines through exchanges/training (i.e. accelerating Masters and PhDs and exchange in both directions) • Build research capacity and increase research in priority research areas. • Develop technology transfer and rural advisory services using ICT and 21st century education delivery mechanisms (extension models) • Create a nimble, bilateral LGU-Colombia network of problem solvers for agricultural and educational innovation, aimed at regional and sustainable livelihood creation, to boost post conflict. joint Contacts in Colombia Colciencias: Paula Henao firstname.lastname@example.org Coordinator of Nexo Global Program Adriana Colmenares email@example.com Head of the International Office Ministry of Education: Rosa María Cely, RCely@contratista.mineducacion.gov.co Manager of Colombia Bilingual Program Paola Muñoz, firstname.lastname@example.org Head of the International Office Thank You!