The Original Southern Colonies

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     Maryland Virginia North Carolina South Carolina Georgia

1634 Lord Baltimore Refuge for English Catholics Tobacco April 28, 1788 The in the Maryland colony was mainly Catholicism. Many of the people who set up colonies in America, did so to get away from the Church of England.

• • • • Became known as the, “haven for Catholics”.

The capital, Annapolis is the location of the United States Naval Academy.

The Battle of Antietam in Sharpsburg on September 17, 1862, was the first attack on Union soil during the Civil War and the bloodiest one-day battle in U.S. history with more than 23,000 soldiers killed. Leading supplier of blue crabs.

• • • • Water-oriented Eastern Shore and Chesapeake Bay area.

metropolitan Baltimore, (its largest city) Forested mountains in western regions.

Summer hot and winter cold • • Their Economy relied largely on the tobacco crop. In the 1700s that slave labor began to drive agricultural production in the colony.

1607 Captain John Smith Commercial venture Tobacco June 25, 1788 •Virginia is bordered by Maryland and Washington DC to the north and east. Five geographical regions are the Atlantic Coastal Plain, the Piedmont, the Blue Ridge, the Appalachian Ridge and Valley Region and Appalachian Plateau. Hot, humid summer, rain, and fertile soil. Mild winter •The role of religion in Virginia is that they have to follow the law of land from 1624 mandated that white Virginias worship the Anglican Church (Church of England) and support it’s upkeep with taxes.

• They had made money off of farming (tobacco, peanuts, corn, sweet potatoes, poultry, and ham), tourism, mining coal, and lumber. •The origin of the name Virginia was named for Queen Elizabeth 1 of England (known as Virgin Queen). Sir Walter Raleigh suggested name in 1584.

•Nickname: Old Dominion •State Song: Carry Me Back to Old Virginia.

1663 Anthony Ashley Cooper Commercial Venture Wood, Naval Stores, Tobacco November 21, 1789 North and South Carolina began as one colony called Carolina in the 1660s when King Charles II gave the land to eight lords who had remained loyal to the king while England was in a state of civil war. The two colonies separated in 1719. The lords proprietor were in charge of North Carolina until 1729. At this point, it was named a royal colony. They trade pork, corn, pitch and tar. Facts: During World War II, approximately 10,000 enemy soldiers were contained within 18 prisoner of war camps throughout the state of North Carolina. North Carolina is the largest producer of sweet potatoes in the nation. In 2011, farmers within the state harvested 64,000 acres—yielding 1.28 billion pounds of the vitamin A-rich tubers.

1663 Anthony Ashley Cooper Commercial Venture Naval Stores, Rice May 23, 1788 • • • • • • • Triangular in shape Marshy to the south Separated by a network of rivers and canals The coastal climate is humid subtropical In extreme Northwest are the Blue Ridge Mountains Rainfall is abundant and well distributed throughout the state Winter short and mild. Low Plains and swampy. Long growing season Religion

1733 James Oglethorpe : Discourage Spanish expansion rice, Wood, Naval Stores June 25, 1788 • • • • • • • • • Coastal Swamps. Short Winters. Summers hot. Long growing season Religion The main church in colonial Georgia was the Anglican Church. This church constituted the most influential and largest congregation of Christians. (This was never the official religion) Economy They had plantations (indigo, rice), slavery and cotton which came later on. They traded and exported mainly things including tobacco, textiles, and timber.

Facts Georgia is the peach state State Motto: “Wisdom, Justice, Moderation.” State Insect: Honey Bee

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