Unit 5- Reading Guide 1 Vocab: Define each of the following terms Imperialism Alfred T. Mahan William Seward Pearl Harbor Queen Liliuokalani Sanford. B. Dole Anti-Imperialist League Jose Marti Valeriano Weyler Name_________________________ Yellow journalism The DeLome Letter U.S.S. Maine George Dewey Rough Riders San Juan Hill Treaty of Paris (1898) Platt Amendment Guided Reading Questions: Provide comprehensive answers, in complete sentences, to each of the following questions. 1. Explain each of the three factors that fueled American imperialism. 2. From which country did we acquire Alaska? Despite being called “Seward’s Folly” and “Seward’s Icebox,” why would Alaska be important for the U.S.? 3. Explain Hawaii’s strategic importance for the U.S. since the 1790s. How did American tariff policy affect our relationship with Hawaii? 4. Explain how U.S. business leaders strong-armed the Hawaiian king, and how his successor, Queen Liliuokalani, responded. What prompted the U.S. government to participate in the 1893 overthrow of the Hawaiian government? 5. What happened with Hawaii between 1893 and 1898? On what date was Hawaii proclaimed an American territory? (*Remember this date for later!) 6. From the section “Support and Opposition to American Imperialism,” explain why American businessmen supported U.S. imperialism. Who were some prominent anti-imperialists? Why do you think they opposed U.S. imperialism? 7. What interests did Americans have in Cuba, from the 1850s through 1895? How did Gen. Valeriano Weylar respond to the renewed Cuban revolt? 8. Explain the role U.S. newspapers moguls played in the calls for war against Spain. What was their real interest? Be sure to include how newspapers reported Spanish “atrocities.” 9. What happened on February 15, 1898? What were the results of the two investigations? What role did “yellow press sensationalism” play in public opinion? 10. What factors played into President McKinley’s decision to ask Congress for a declaration of war against Spain? When was that declaration made? 11. Where did the first battles of the Spanish American take place? Who led the Americans? What was the underlying motive for this attack? Who helped us? When did this theatre of war conclude? 12. What challenges did the U.S. forces face heading into war in the Caribbean? When did the attack begin? What islands did we attack? 13. When did Spain surrender in the Caribbean? What territories did the U.S. gain in the Treaty of Paris? 14. The Treaty of Paris sparked heated debate in the United States. What issue did much of the debate center around? Why did McKinley ultimately choose annexation? What arguments against annexation did anti-imperialists make? 15. When did Congress approve the Treaty of Paris? What role did American troops play in occupying Cuba? Be sure you have a comprehensive definition of the Platt Amendment in you vocab terms.