Do Not Write On This Test! Unit 1 & Western Hemisphere Test Multiple Choice: Select the response that best answers the question (1 point each). 1. New York City is considered _____________ because it is highly populated. a. Rural b. Urban c. Contiguous d. Agrarian 2. What term is used to describe a location in the countryside? a. Rural b. Urban c. Contiguous d. Agrarian 3. Saying Baltimore is west of the Chesapeake Bay is an example of: a. Latitude b. Relative location c. Absolute location d. Exact location 4. What line divides the Earth in half horizontally? a. Tropic of Cancer b. International Dateline c. Prime Meridian d. Equator 5. Which of the following would be an example of a push factor? a. Dangerous neighborhood b. Good schools c. Low rent d. Lots of jobs 6. Two countries disagree over who owns an island. What type of border dispute is this? a. Functional b. Positional c. Territorial d. Resource 7. North Korea and South Korea disagree over where the border between the two countries should be. What type of border dispute is this? a. Functional b. Positional c. Territorial d. Resource 8. Turkey and Iran disagree over the Tigris River as both countries want access to the water. What type of border dispute is this? a. Functional b. Positional c. Territorial d. Resource 9. The United States and Canada disagree over which country should be allowed to collect tolls at the border. What type of dispute is this? a. Functional b. Positional c. Territorial d. Resource 10. What line divides the Earth in half vertically? a. Tropic of Cancer b. International Dateline Do Not Write On This Test! c. Prime Meridian d. Equator 11. (Choose 2 letters for this answer) In order to find absolute location, you need: a. Latitude b. Altitude c. Elevation d. Longitude 12. A social science that studies the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services is called: a. Economics b. Geography c. Communism d. Capitalism 13. The way goods and services are divided amongst individuals is called: a. Production b. Distribution c. Consumption d. Gross Domestic Product 14. Using resources to create goods or services is called: a. Production b. Distribution c. Consumption d. Gross Domestic Product 15. The final purchase of goods and services is called: a. Production b. Distribution c. Consumption d. Gross Domestic Product 16. Which type of industry manufactures products? a. Primary b. Secondary c. Tertiary d. Quaternary 17. Which type of industry provides services? a. Primary b. Secondary c. Tertiary d. Quaternary 18. Which type of industry collects and produces raw materials? a. Primary b. Secondary c. Tertiary d. Quaternary Matching: Identify whether each statement best describes a Market, Command or Traditional economy (1 point each). Write M, T, or C. 19. Individuals have a choice where to work. Do Not Write On This Test! 20. Following the customs of your culture is more important than making a profit. 21. The government decides what products to make. 22. The goal is for individuals to make as much money as possible. 23. Resources are owned and controlled by the government, rather than individuals. Short Answer: Answer the following questions in one sentence (4 points). 24. Which country is more developed? Give 3 reasons why. GDP per Capita Literacy Rate Infant Mortality Rate Country A $23,300 99% 3.36 % of people employed in agriculture 5% Country B $8,000 31.5% 154.67 68% % of people employed in industry 26% 16% Country _______ is more developed. Reasons: ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ Terms: For numbers 28-30, explain what each statistic means and what it tells us about a country (1 point each). 28. ______________ - The total value of goods/services produced in a country divided by the number of people living in the country. Do Not Write On This Test! 29. ______________ - The number of babies who die out of every 1,000 live births 30. ______________ - The percentage of people over the age of 15 who can read and write. Maps: For numbers 31 through 34, list the four parts to a good map (1 point each): 31. _________________ 32. _________________ 33. _________________ 34. _________________ BCR: Read the situation below and provide a well-written response (4 points). It is 1881. Andre and his family live in a village near Port-au-Prince, Haiti. They do not believe in the policies of Haiti’s government, so the government is punishing them. Andre’s family decides to go to America because they know their beliefs will be more accepted there. They have friends there who tell them work is available and Andre can attend school. Andre’s family is poor. They cannot travel by airplane because they do not have their government’s permission to leave Haiti. They must leave most of their possessions, their friends, and many family members behind. Explain what push and pull factors are. Explain what costs and benefits are. What are the costs and benefits for Andre and his family to migrate? Was Andre’s family’s move a push or pull migration? Why?