Chapter 4 Test Answer Key

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Name: ___________________________
Date: ______________________________
Gr. 9 Chapter 4: To what extent has Canada affirmed collective
rights?
Multiple Choice:
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Each question is
one mark.
1. Although First Nations peoples have historic treaties with Canada’s government, which of the
following do not?
A.
Francophone
B.
Inuit
C.
Métis
D.
Anglophones
2. Which Canadian politician tried to preserve Métis rights and culture and led the Northwest
resistance?
A.
Chief Morris Scennacappo
B.
Louis Riel
C.
Howard Sibbald
D.
Pierre Trudeau
3. In 1990, Alberta’s government enacted legislation that gave the Métis
A.
the right to manage their own affairs
B.
a permanent land base
C.
rights to develop oil and gas resources on settlement lands
D.
all of the above
4. Collective rights are not held by which of the following groups in Canada?
A.
new immigrants
B.
Anglophones
C.
Francophones
D.
Aboriginal peoples
5. The Numbered Treaties included the provinces of Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba,
Saskatchewan, Ontario, and
A.
Québec
B.
Northwest Territories
C.
New Brunswick
D.
Prince Edward Island
6. First Nations peoples disagree with the view that they gave up their land under the Treaties
because
A.
they did not sign any treaties
B.
the Treaties said that they could share the land with non-First Nations peoples
C.
the Treaties expired in 2000
D.
that was not the spirit and intent of the Treaties
7. “What we speak of will last as long as the sun shines and the river runs. We are looking to the
future of our children’s children.” This is written about Treaty 6 from the perspective of which
group?
A.
the Canadian government
B.
Inuit
C.
First Nations
D.
Francophone
8. Because the Canadian government believed that First Nations peoples needed guidance and
that their ways were inferior to those of Europeans, it created which of the following?
A.
Numbered Treaties
B.
Nunavut Land Claims Agreement
C.
Aboriginal Rights
D.
Indian Act
9. A source that is created by someone who is not present at an event or gives interpretations of
events that have already occurred is
A.
a primary source
B.
a secondary source
C.
hearsay
D.
an opinion
10. Which of the following is described as the belief that one’s own culture is superior to all
other cultures?
A.
ethnocentrism
B.
bias
C.
conceited
D.
prejudice
11. In 1867, English was mostly spoken by Protestants, while French was mostly spoken by
A.
Baptists
B.
Catholics
C.
Anglicans
D.
Orthodox
12. Métis are considered to be
A.
First Nations peoples
B.
Native peoples
C.
Aboriginal peoples
D.
Inuit peoples
13. In 1990, new legislation gave the Métis settlement more __________, so that they could
make their own decisions and manage their own affairs.
A.
control
B.
independence
C.
heteronomy
D.
autonomy
14. How did the patriation of the Charter of Rights and Freedoms affect Québec’s language laws
under Bill 101?
A.
The Charter prohibited English signs in Québec.
B.
The Supreme Court decided that the law cannot prohibit the use of English on
commercial signs.
C.
The Supreme Court decided that signs in Québec must only be in English.
D.
The Supreme Court upheld that signs in Québec must only be in French.
15. As Aboriginal peoples, which of the following were granted the right to fish and hunt without
a license in 2003 by the Supreme Court of Canada?
A.
Métis
B.
First Nations
C.
Inuit
D.
French
16. Which two groups were the Numbered Treaties signed between?
A.
Anglophones and Francophones
B.
Francophones and the government
C.
Aboriginals and the Prime Minister
D.
Aboriginals and the Queen
17. The Numbered Treaties have roots in
A.
The Royal Proclamation
B.
The BNA Act
C.
The Quebec Act
D.
The Indian Act
18. Which is the only official bilingual province in Canada?
A.
Quebec
B.
Alberta
C.
New Brunswick
D.
Newfoundland
19. Which two provinces entered Confederation as bilingual provinces but are now English only?
A.
Quebec and Alberta
B.
Manitoba and NWT
C.
New Brunswick and Manitoba
D.
Ontario and Quebec
Read the following passage and answer question #20 which is associated with it:
The Chiefs of any band of Indians shall be elected. At such time and place as the federal
government may direct and they shall be elected for a period of three years. (Unless the federal
government decides to remove them.)
20. This excerpt from the Indian Act is an example of how the Canadian government wanted
First Nations peoples to
A.
Assimilate
B.
Reintegrate
C.
Rehabilitate
D.
Eliminate
21. Which of the following is not a reason why First Nations in the west and the Canadian
government negotiate the numbered treaties?
A.
Canada wanted to build a railway that linked British Columbia and the rest of Canada
B.
First Nations and Canada’s government wanted to avoid war
C.
First Nations were afraid the French may try another attack against the British in
Canada
D.
First Nations wanted to secure their future
22. The oral traditions of the First Nations and the written records of the Canadian government
are often in disagreement. This is an example of differences in:
A.
Perspectives
B.
Languages
C.
Cultures
D.
Traditions
23. In what way did the Canadian government limit the rights of First Nations children?
A.
By taking away their “status”
B.
By placing them in residential schools
C.
Both A and B
D.
None of the above
Read the following quotes from Canadian government officials and answer the questions #24
and #25, which are associated with the quotes.
“Moving forward will require a new partnership among us and a new relationship with First
Nations, Inuit, and Metis Nation – one based on mutual respect, responsibility, and
accountability” Paul Martin
”What I promise, and what I believe and hope you will take, is to last as long as the sun shines
and the river flows” Alexander Morris
“The economic adjustment of the Indians to modern life is a large problem. We need to make
the Indians lead the normal life of the ordinary Canadian citizen” T.R.I. MacInnes
“I speak of Canada where men and women of Aboriginal ancestry, of French and British
heritage, of the diverse cultures of the world, demonstrate the will to share this land in peace, in
justice, and with mutual respect” Pierre Trudeau
24. Evaluate which government official does the best job of referring to what First Nations
peoples ideally want from the Canadian government
A.
Paul Martin
B.
Alexander Morris
C.
T.R.I. MacInnes
D.
Pierre Trudeau
25. T.R.I. MacInnes quote is an example of how the Canadian government wanted First Nations
peoples to:
A.
Assimilate
B.
Reintegrate
C.
Rehabilitate
D.
Eliminate
26. The Indian Act was officially created:
A.
Pre-Confederation
B.
Post-Confederation
C.
During British settlement
D.
During French settlement
27. Which of the following examples is a minority setting?
A.
Francophones in Quebec
B.
Anglophones in Alberta
C.
Female teachers at Hillcrest
D.
Female PE teachers at Hillcrest
28. In 1990, an agreement with Alberta’s government established the rights of which people to
participate in the development of oil and gas resources on settlement lands?
A.
Metis
B.
First Nations
C.
Inuit
D.
French
29. After most Métis sold their scripts they moved from Manitoba to this area of Canada?
A.
Quebec
B.
Ontario
C.
Alberta & Saskatchewan
D.
Newfoundland & Labrador
30. The first time the Métis were given land was:
A.
Treaty #1, 1871
B.
The Métis Population Betterment Act, 1938
C.
The Manitoba Act, 1869
D.
Charter of Rights and Freedoms, 1982
31. What city in Canada is built primarily on Métis land claims?
A.
Thunder Bay
B.
Saskatchewan
C.
Regina
D.
Winnipeg
32. The Native peoples of Canada have their collective rights protected by:
A.
Numbered Treaties
B.
Section 35 of the constitution
C.
Indian Act
D.
Treaty 8
33. The recognition of Métis rights in Canada is a(n) _______________.
A.
On-going process
B.
Was settled in 1982 with constitutional amendments
C.
Non-issue
D.
None of the above
34. The Haultain resolution and North-West Territories Ordnance Number 22 established that:
A.
English will be the language of instruction in all classrooms
B.
All provincial assemblies will be held in English
C.
Alberta will support funding of French public schooling
D.
Both a and b
Long Answer
Choose one of the following options and provide a paragraph answer. Please circle the number
of your choice. The long answer question is worth 6 marks.
35. To what extent should provincial and federal governments in Canada support and promote
the education rights of the official language minorities? Back up your position with three points
about the history of these rights.
Provincial governments are responsible for education and must support the education
rights of official language minorities according to the Charter. The 3 examples are:
1774: Britain passes the Quebec Act, which recognized the rights of Francophones to their
language and identity.
1867: Canada becomes a county and the BNA Act confirmed that it is bilingual.
1982: The Charter established the right of official language minorities to education in their
language.
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