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Ohio Graduation Test for Social Studies – March 2007
Annotated Item 25
Standard and Benchmark Assessed:
Standard: People in Societies
Benchmark: B. Analyze the consequences of oppression, discrimination and conflict between
Multiple Choice Question:
25. The Indian Tribal Justice Act of 1993 is an example of federal civil rights legislation. Read
the following excerpt from the act:
Indian tribes possess the inherent authority to establish their own form of government,
including tribal justice systems ... traditional tribal justice practices are essential to the
maintenance of the culture and identity of Indian tribes. ...
This act was an attempt to redress the consequences of
the use of internment camps during World War II.
past government policies that oppressed and discriminated against Native Americans.
granting citizenship to Native Americans under the 1924 General Citizenship Act.
Jim Crow legislation enacted by southern states during the late 1800s and early 1900s.
This multiple-choice question asks students to consider what actions in the past the federal
government was attempting to redress when it enacted the Indian Tribal Justice Act of 1993.
The answer is B. The legislation was an attempt to address one aspect of prior policies that
deprived Indian tribes of autonomy over their own affairs. Responses A and D are incorrect as
both deal with non-Indian cultural groups. Response C is incorrect. The General Citizenship
Act (Snyder Act) granted citizenship to Native Americans not already citizens. There was no
need to redress this action.
Performance Data:
The percent of public school students selecting answer choice B for question 25 on the March
2007 Ohio Graduation Test was 74%.
Keywords: Oppression, discrimination, American Indians, Native Americans
Source: Ohio Department of Education
July 07