World War II (5) – The Home Front: The Economy & Supporting the War The War Economy – Key to Victory = o Why? o Office of War Mobilization oversaw entire economy Conversion of the Auto Industry o New Opportunities for Profit – 1943 – ____ of economy devoted to war effort o Cost-plus system – gov’t paid all development & production costs + o How would the cost plus system encourage business to convert to war production? o New Markets → o New methods → Workers, the War, and Unions – _____________________________ o Unemployment – o Average Wages – 1933 1938 1941 1944 Union membership – o What would be a reason for the increase? Agreement between Unions & Business (after Pearl Harbor) – o o Wildcat strikes – The Economy & Supporting the War Office of Price Administration (OPA) o Purpose = to control ____________(freeze prices) & ________________ (rationing) Shortages o Supplies of many good cut off – o Responses – Victory gardens, cut back on material in clothing, scrap metal drives/rubber collections, etc. Rationing o Distribution of goods – o “_____________________” – 1 in 4 bought products here o Video – Add any interesting or new information from the video here. Financing the War – Federal Spending – 1939 $ 1945 $ per day at times $ Taxes – o Revenue Act of 1942 – Borrowing – o Bonds – Results – o o How were people made to feel invested (that they had a part or a role) in the war effort? Propaganda Gov’t & Media – ________________________________________ (OWI) o Oversaw propaganda effort o Highlighted common needs, minimized differences, “demonize” enemy Hollywood o Movie stars, singers, movie makers all helped build support for the war Propaganda Video o Watch the “Domestic Propaganda” Video and write any new information below.