Economics Chapter 10 Study Guide Terms/Vocabulary per capita fiscal year private sector deficit spending Balanced Budget Amendment entitlement balanced budget transfer payment mandatory spending budget surplus Concepts Categories of spending at all levels What is the Federal Government responsible for? What is the State Government responsible for? What is the Local Government responsible for? Gramm – Rudman – Hollings Bill What is it? What does it do? Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act (1993) What does it do? What are its main provisions? Discretionary Spending What is it? Examples Budget Enforcement Act (1990) What does it do? What are its main provisions? Transfer Payments What are they? What are they used for? What levels of government participate in these? Budget Approval System How is the federal budget constructed and approved? What is the difference between federal budgets and state budgets? Pay as you go” provisions Crowding out effect What is the economic effect of this? What role does the Federal Government play? Government Spending Level of combined government consumption versus the nation’s GDP.