Day 6a Christianity From Jesus to Great Schism. worksheet

Christianity  From Jesus to the “Great Schism”
With ____________adherents (approx. 33% of the world’s population)
Christianity is the world’s largest religion.
 Like Judaism and Islam, Christianity is classified as an _______________.
After the death of Christ (30AD) the following people and events have contributed in
Pentecost (33AD) - Referred to as the _______________ of the Church
Peter (originally Simon, 1-64CE)
 One of original “____________________,” assigned a leadership role by Jesus.
 Galilean _____________________ and extremely important figure within early
Christian community.
 In art; often depicted holding the keys to the kingdom of heaven.
Paul (5-66CE)
 Conversion took place when traveling on a road to Damascus, experiencing a
_______________ of the resurrected Jesus.
Preached throughout Mediterranean area, starting colonies everywhere he
Luke the Evangelist (1-84CE)
 Author of both the ____________ of Luke & ______________ of the
 Companion of Paul, traveled with him and remained with him until his death.
Council of Jerusalem (50CE)
 1st known meeting of early Christian ______________ leaders.
 Purpose was to discuss whether followers of the ‘new faith’ were to adhere to
certain Jewish traditions.
First Account of Christian Persecution
 1st documented case of imperially-supervised persecution of Christians in
______________ ______________ begins with Nero (37-68AD).
Gospels are written between 60-90CE
Pax Romana “_________________________” (27BCE-180CE)
 Long period of relative peace and minimal expansion by military force
experienced by Roman Empire beginning under Augustus Caesar.
 Greatly aiding the spread of Christianity.
Emperor Decius (249-251CE)
 Traditional leader; ordered ______________ of Christians in an attempt to
restore Rome to its ancient glory.
Emperor Diocletian (284-305CE)
 Under Diocletian & Galerius came, “Great Persecution.”
Considered one of the ______________, most ruthless persecutions in the
history of the Roman Empire.
Age of Martyrs (249-312CE)
 ______________ seen by the early Christians as a way of participation in the
death of Christ.
 Allowed sacrament of repentance & readmission into the Church, despite
issues of sin.
Emperor Constantine (313CE)
 Ended institutionalized ______________ of Christians, issuing “Edict of
Council of Nicaea (325CE)
 1st ______________ council of all Bishops of early Christian Church.
 Resulted in first uniform doctrine, Nicene Creed
Saint Athanasius (367CE)
 First person to list all ______________ New Testament books
2nd Ecumenical Council (381CE)
 Expanded the ______________ creed, officially establishing the Holy Trinity.
3rd Ecumenical Council (431CE)
 Council denounced ______________ teaching and decreed that Jesus was
one person, complete God and complete man.
4th Ecumenical Council (451CE)
 Most important of general councils of the early Church.
 Nature and personhood of Christ finally decided.
 Concluded Jesus was a single person, but had two distinct natures - one
______________ and one ______________.
Council of Toledo (589CE)
 Filioque Claus officially added to Nicene Creed.
 “We believe in the Holy Spirit, the Lord, the giver of life, who proceeds form
the Father, and the Son”
 Insertion emphasizes that Jesus is of equal divinity with God, the Father.
Eastern Orthodox Christianity Developed (650-754CE)
The “Great Schism” (1054CE)
 Official ______________ between the ______________ speaking Christians
located in the East (Constantinople) and the ______________ speaking
Christians form the West (Rome).