Targets for seventh grade science Raymond-Kermit-Watterson core What are learning targets? These are essentially the California standards rewritten to guide learning and studying. Students enter copies of the targets into their sourcebooks and they are referred to as we enter each lesson or activity. What Targets are we using right now? These are listed below just as students copy them. Life Science Targets Students who are ON TARGET can explain clearly in writing, orally and/or graphically: 1. the connection between evolution and diversity of species. 2. how genetics and environment contribute to the diversity of organisms. 3. the work of Darwin and his reasoning that led to the conclusions he made. 4. how natural selection and evolution are connected. 5. the various lines of evidence that support evolution including geology, fossils and comparative anatomy. 6. causes of extinction. 7. how evidence from rocks provides evidence for evolution. 8. the structure of cells, their similarities and differences and the function of the many cell parts. In addition to the fairly wide scope targets, students are provided vocabulary lists prior to study of a section or unit. The list below contains some of the words that support understanding of several of the targets that deal with the evolution aspects of our current targets: Species Adaption Evolution Scientific theory Natural selection Variation Gradualism Punctuated Equilibria Homologous Structure Branching tree Dichotomous Galapagos Darwin Infer Finch Competition Selection Variation When we move to target 8, which is packed with vocabulary to support learning and understanding. Though the seventh graders have not yet received these, I list them here for future reference: Compound Microscope Convex lens Organelles Cell wall Cell membrane Nucleus Nuclear Membrane Chromatin Nucleolus Cytoplasm Mitochondria Endoplasmic Reticulum Ribosomes Golgi bodies Chloroplasts Vacuoles Lysosomes Inorganic Compounds Carbohydrates Lipids Proteins Nucleic acids Amino acids Enzymes DNA Diffusion Osmosis Engulfing Resolution RNA Photosynthesis Chlorophyll Stomata Heterotroph Respiration Fermentation Of what use are the learning targets and word lists? These can be sources of conversation by using the 4 to 0 scale with which students have become familiar in many aspects of class (see explanation) I do not recommend simply looking these up in a dictionary. Rather, I suggest revisiting the list and the targets from time to time since class activities and readings will be sources of developing understanding. You can help your seventh grader by listening to what they know or think they know and recognizing that understanding does grow. I encourage students to recognize that learning IS a process and all of us are at a beginning, unclear level at some point in that process. Knowing that, is an important part of learning.