DNA Replication, Transcription, and Translation Quiz

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DNA Replication, Transcription, and Translation Quiz
__1__ and __2__ were the first scientists to create a model of DNA.
Deoxyribonucleic acid is made of the sugar deoxyribose, phosphates, and __3___.
In DNA replication, the DNA unzips and free __3__ match up with each single strand.
__4__ bonds to Thymine (T) and Cytosine (C) bonds to __5__ to form two identical
strands of ___6___.
In protein synthesis, the __7__ makes a single stranded copy of the DNA in the
__8__ which is a large organelle found in the center of most cells. The __7__ then
leaves the __8__ and travels to the __9__ which is an organelle that makes proteins.
Translation begins when the nucleotide sequence (order) is AUG on a __10__.
__11__ brings nucleotides to the __7__, bound in groups of three called __12__. The
__13__ on the __7__ are matched up with __12__ from __11__. Once the __7__
has been read the __14__ ends protein synthesis.
In RNA strands Adenine (A) bonds to __15__ and Cytosine (C) bonds to __5__.
1. _____
2. _____
3. _____
4. _____
5. _____
6. _____
7. _____
8. _____
9. _____
10. _____
11. _____
12. _____
13. _____
14. _____
15. _____
A. Adenine (A)
B. Anticodon
C. Codon
D. Crick
E. DNA
F. Golgi body
G. Guanine (G)
H. Holmes
I. Hooke
J. Mendel
K. Messenger RNA (mRNA)
L. Nucleolus
M. Nucleotide bases
N. Nucleus
O. Ribosome
P. RNA
Q. Start codon
R. Stop codon
S. Transfer RNA (tRNA)
T. Uracil (U)
U. Watson
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