Marxist Criticism Karl Marx - born in Germany in 1818. - was a revolutionary - worked in the areas of science, history, social sciences, politics and economics - worked with Friedrich Engels - Marxism promotes social equality for all members of society. With regards to a Marxist criticism in literature, we are assessing the social significance of a text. For example, does the piece reflect the social order of the day or does it challenge the social norms? Consider The Outsiders. What is the social order in the novel? Is there a struggle for power between the working and the ruling class? Do the Greasers accept their social status, or is there a struggle for more power? Are there examples of power other than economic power?