The Prospect for the Future Society through the Comparison of

The Prospect for the Future Society through the Comparison of Intergenerational
Consciousness II: Focusing on the Social, Political Consciousness and Participation
Research Outline
Researcher: Yi, Chong-Won
- To analyze similarity and difference between youths and adults in the aspect of social and political
consciousness and participation.
- To come up with proposals to policy direction to bring about a revitalized societal participation with
generational integration as well as enhanced understanding
- In terms of interest in social and political issues, there is a small difference between adults and the youth.
Unlike generally accepted ideas, teens’ interest in social and political issues appears to be similar to those
in their 20s and 30s, and higher than those in their 60s.
- In terms of participation in pending social and political issues, youths showed relatively high in indirect
participation through the Internet. Furthermore, their level of direct participation such as signing on the
street and demonstration showed similar to those in their 30s and 40s, and higher than those belonging in
elderly groups in their 50s.
- In terms of the major channel through which they receive reports on social and political issues, middle
and high school students have a relatively higher dependence on the internet, whereas middle-aged to
elderly people depend so much on TV and newspapers. In terms of reliance on the reported contents,
youths have a relatively high reliance on the internet, adults on newspapers.
- In terms of political consciousness, it appears that youths have a high level of democratic attitude in
comparison to adults. They seem to pursue individualism than collectiveness, post-materialism than
materialism, egalitarian principles than liberalism. In terms of public consciousness, adults show high in
nationalism, university students in internationalism, whereas middle school students show relatively higher
- In terms of Korea’s development, adults evaluate it most positively, followed by university students,
middle school students, and high school students. In terms of the reality of Korean society, a level of
satisfaction by high school students was significantly low, compared with university students and adults. In
projecting expected social change items in the future, optimistic projection prevailed in every age group.