Name__________________________________ Problem Set and Study Guide for Biology A Unit 2 – Basic Chemistry Adapted from Biology, The Web of Life. 2nd ed. Important Vocabulary Chapter 2.2 – Basic Chemistry Element Atom Molecule Proton Compound Neutron Organic Electron Compound Ion Isotope Ionic Bond Covalent Bond Polar Covalent Bond Hydrogen Bond Chapter 2.3 – Chemical Reactions Chemical Chemical Reaction Equation Product Reactant Enzyme Substrate Chapter 2.1 – Organic Molecules Carbohydrate Disaccharide Monosacchari Polysaccharide de Starch Glycogen Lipid Phospholipid Protein Enzyme Nucleic Acid Surface Tension pH Acid Base Chapter 2.4 – Life Sustaining Reactions Metabolism Homeostasis Chapter 2.5 - Water Solution Solute Solvent Cohesion Adhesion Capillary Action Chapter 2 Questions: 2.2 1. Make a concept map using the following chapter 2.2 terms: Atom, Molecule, Compound, Element, Proton, Neutron, Electron, Organic compound, Ion, Isotope. Include relationships between each term. 2. Compare compounds and elements. 3. Draw the following molecules. Include all electrons for each atom in your drawings: H2O, O2, NH3 4. Predict the type of bond that would form between Lithium (Li) and Fluorine (F). Explain your choice. 5. How are polar molecules similar to ionic compounds? How are they different? Name__________________________________ 6. Read the “Lab Zone” section on page 39 of your text. Answer questions 1-3 in the lab zone. 7. The three boxes below are part of the periodic table. From the information in the boxes, answer the following questions: a. What is the name and chemical symbol of each element? b. What is the atomic number of each element? c. What is the atomic mass of each element? d. How many protons, and electrons are found in an atom of this element? e. How many neutrons are found in the most common isotope of this element? 6 7 8 C N O 12.011 14.007 15.999 2.3 1. Summarize what happens during a chemical reaction. 2. Give 2 examples of chemical reactions. What evidence tells you that a chemical reaction is occurring? 3. Make a labeled drawing that shows how an enzyme works. 4. Why are enzymes important to living cells? 5. The graph below shows enzyme activity over a range of temperature. Describe the results at each temperature. Explain why you think these results were obtained. 2.1 1. List and briefly describe 6 different functions of protein. 2. Make and fill in a chart describing the 4 main types of organic molecules. For each type, list building blocks, function, and examples. 3. Which type of organic compound contradicts water’s reputation as a “universal solvent”? Give a specific example to support your answer. 2.4 1. Explain how each of the major life processes is dependent on chemical reactions. 2. Define the term metabolism in your own words. 2.5 1. List and explain the properties of water that support life. 2. Give 2 examples of acids and 2 examples of bases. 3. Into what range on the pH scale do acids fall? Bases?