Chapter 51 Reading Guide Animal Behavior Chapter 51

AP Biology
Chapter 51 Guided Reading
Name __________________________
1. How do behavioral ecologists define behavior?
2. What is the focus of:
a. Proximate causation?
b. Ultimate causation?
3. Define the following terms:
a. Ethology
b. Fixed action pattern
c. Sign stimulus
4. What did Tinbergen’s experiment with stickleback fish show? Suggest an explanation
for why (ultimate causation) this behavior evolved.
5. Compare and contrast and give specific examples of kinesis and taxis.
6. What is the relationship between migration and genetic control?
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7. How are the terms signal and communication related?
8. Describe and give three different examples of animal signals and communication.
9. What evidence is there that mating and parental behavior can be under genetic
10. Define the following terms:
a. Innate behavior
b. Learning
c. Habituation
d. Imprinting
e. Sensitive period
f. Spatial learning
g. Cognitive map
h. Associative learning
Classical conditioning
Operant conditioning
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11. What is cognition?
12. Define problem solving.
13. Can genetics play a role in behavior?
14. The statement can be made that “there are risks and benefits” to everything.” How
does this relate to the optimal foraging theory?
15. What is the general relationship between sexual dimorphism, and monogamy,
polygyny, or polyandry?
16. What is agonistic behavior?
17. Define the following terms:
a. Altruism
b. Inclusive fitness
c. Coefficient of relatedness
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d. Kin selection
18. What is reciprocal altruism and how can it benefit the altruist?
19. What is the relationship between social learning and culture?
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