Sample Final Exam

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MATH 102
Mathematics For Allied Health
Sample Final
Student Name _________________________________________ Section ___ Date ______
Everything Except Chapter 10
1) Round the following to the nearest thousandth.
a) 12.33458
b) 12.3345
c) 12.0040
2) Convert to percents
a) 0.05
b) 0.10
c) 1.00
d) 3.4
3) Convert to fractions
a) 0.05
b) 0.10
c) 1.00
d) 3.4
4) Solve for x in the following ratios.
a) 16/76 = 12/x
b) 12:98::3:x
c) 2:100::x:5
4) Give meaning to the following abbreviations and as to whether the abbreviation is to be used
and the words to substitute for the abbreviation(s).
a) sp
b) sol
c) KVO
d) tbsp
e) mEq
f) gtt
g) AU
h) sc sq
i) tiw
j) qn
k) po
l) prn
m) pc
n) biw
5) If traditional time, change to military time. If military time, change to traditional time.
a) 12:00 am
b) 12:00pm
c) 1300
d) 5:30 am
e) 1000
f) 1400
6) Interpret the following orders.
a) Tylenol 325 mg tabs ii po q6h
© Copyright 2007 by P.E.P.
1
MATH 102
Mathematics For Allied Health
Sample Final
Student Name _________________________________________ Section ___ Date ______
b) Prednisone 10 mg po every day
c) Morphine sulfate 10 mg subcutaneously stat and 10 mg q6h prn
d) Ampicillin 1g IVPB q6h
e) Humulin R 25 units subcutaneously every day
7) What are the following for the drug label shown below?
a. NDC number
b. Trade name
c. generic name
d. strength of the drug
e. form of the drug
f. usual dosage
g. route of administration
h. storage
i. precautions
j. manufacturer’s name
k. expiration date
l. lot number
m. additives
8) Calculate:
a) Order: NPH insulin 10 units and Humulin insulin 5 units subcutaneous every day 7am
Supply: vials of NPH insulin U 100 and Humulin insulin U 100
b) Order: add 15 mEq potassium chloride to IV stat
Supply: vial of liquid labeled 40 mEq (3g) per 20 mL
© Copyright 2007 by P.E.P.
2
MATH 102
Mathematics For Allied Health
Sample Final
Student Name _________________________________________ Section ___ Date ______
c) Order: Phenobarbital 0.1 g IM q6h
Supply: ampule of liquid labeled 200 mg/3mL
d) Order: atropine sulfate 0.5 mg IV at 8:00 am
Supply: vial labeled 0.5 mg/mL
e) Order: epinephrine 0.2 mg subcutaneous stat
Supply: ampule labeled 1: 1000 (2-mL size)
f) Order: 400,000 units IM
Supply 500,000 units/mL
9) For the following picture:
a) What are the types of packaging shown below? [Label each]
b) What is the route of administration?
10) Give an example of a multidose container.
11) Answer T for true or F for false for the following:
a) _________ Vials only contain liquids.
b) _________ A sealed medication cup contains one dose of a liquid for oral administration.
c) _________ Ampules only contain liquids.
© Copyright 2007 by P.E.P.
3
MATH 102
Mathematics For Allied Health
Sample Final
Student Name _________________________________________ Section ___ Date ______
12) Match the letters with the correct small roman numeral(s):
i. for the ear
ii for the eye
a. ____ otic
b. ____ ophthalmic
c. ____ auric
13) Nurse Ratchet must administer medication to a patient at 0600. She notices that the cabinet
contains enough medication for 1 dose. The pharmacy has not opened yet in the facility at which
she works. The patient needs 2 doses. The expiration date was yesterday’s date.
What should Nurse Ratchet do?
14) Convert the following to the metric indicated.
a) 2 mL to L
b) 4 tbsp to fluid ounces
c) 60 mg to g
d) 0.060 mg to mcg
e) gr ii to mg
f) 165 mcg to mg
g) 500 mL to qt
h) 2 tsp to mL
i) 1 fluid oz to drams
Helpful Info for the above problems
Given the following equivalents for liquids (metric, household and apothecary)
1 tsp = 5 mL
1 tbsp =15 mL = ½ fluid oz = 4 drams
1 oz = 30 mL = 2 tbsp = 1 fluid oz = 8 drams
1 pt = 500 mL
1 qt = 1000 mL
4 qt = 1 gal
2.2 lb = 1 kg
Given that Liquid equivalents in the apothecary system are
1 m = 1 gtt
1 dr = 4 mL
8 dr = 1 oz
℥ i = 32 mL
Given the following equivalents for solids
15 grains = 1000 mg
1 grain = 60 mg (or 1 grain = 65 mg)
15) On the syringe below, use arrows to mark the following doses:
a) 45 cc
b) 1.5 oz
© Copyright 2007 by P.E.P.
4
MATH 102
Mathematics For Allied Health
Sample Final
Student Name _________________________________________ Section ___ Date ______
16) Draw a line on the medicine cup (please ignore the coloring and the volume in the image)
indicating the amount you would pour for the following:
Order: Dilantin susp 200 mg po tid
Supply: liquid labeled 75 mg/10 mL
17) Determine the amounts to be given:
a. Order: digoxin 0.120 mg po
Supply: liquid in a dropper bottle labeled 500 mcg/10 mL
b. Order: chlorpheniramine maleate syr 2.0 mg po bid
Supply: liquid in a bottle 1mg/10 mL
c. Order: propranolol 0.04 g po bid
Supply: scored tablets labeled 20 mg
d. Order: Lanoxin 50 mcg every day po
Supply: 0.1-mg capsules
18) How many grams per 100 mL for
a) 25%
b) 1.5%
c) 0.55%
19) A nurse prepared a syringe containing two insulins (Humulin R and Humulin L). He performed
this procedure carefully with respect to the number of units that the doctor ordered for each
© Copyright 2007 by P.E.P.
5
MATH 102
Mathematics For Allied Health
Sample Final
Student Name _________________________________________ Section ___ Date ______
insulin type. However, he did NOT do the “clear to cloudy” routine as his MATH 102 instructor
taught him. Should he give the insulin mixture to the patient?
20) Nurse Flighty does not know where to find information about the reconstitution of powders.
Help her! Give at least three references.
a.
b.
c.
21) Calculate ….
Reconstitution directions for cefazolin sodium (Ancef) are as follows:
Preparation of Parenteral Solution
Preparation of drug products should be SHAKEN WELL when reconstituted, and inspected visually
for particulate matter prior to administration. If particulate matter is evident in reconstituted
fluids, the drug solutions should be discarded. When reconstituted or diluted according to the
instructions below, Ancef (sterile cefazolin sodium, SK&F) is stable for 24 hours at room
temperature or 96 hours if stored under refrigeration. Reconstituted solutions may range in color
from pale yellow to yellow without a change in potency.
Single-Dose Vials
For IM injection, IV direct (bolus) injection, or IV infusion, reconstitute with Sterile Water for
Injection according to the following table. SHAKE WELL
Vial size: 500 mg
Amount of Diluent: 2.0 mL
Approximate concentration: 225 mg/mL
Approximate Available Volume: 2.2 mL
a) Order: Ancef 200 mg IM q6h
Supply: On the shelf there is one vial size of powder: 500 mg.
Supply chosen:
Diluting fluid and number of milliters:
Solution and new supply:
Rule and arithmetic
Answer:
Write on label:
Storage:
22) Calculate drip factors:
a) order: 160 mL D5 1/3 NS 6pm – 12 am
supply: macrodrip (10gtt/.mL); microdrip (60 gtt/mL)
b) order: Amikacin 0.4 g IVPB q6h
supply: 2-mL vial labeled 250 mg/mL
Package directions: 100 mL/D5W 30 minutes
Available: macrodrip tubing 10gtt/mL
How many mL of Amikacin should be added to the IV?
What are the gtt/min?
© Copyright 2007 by P.E.P.
6
MATH 102
Mathematics For Allied Health
Sample Final
Student Name _________________________________________ Section ___ Date ______
23) Patient’s skin looks swollen at the site of infiltration. What other signs should you look for?
a.
b.
c.
24) Calculate:
Hgt, 5’5’’; wgt 155 lb; BSA 1.8m2
Order: Ara-C 160 mg (100 mg/m2) in 1 L D5W over 24 hr
Is dose correct?
What is the pump setting?
© Copyright 2007 by P.E.P.
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