ENCH 293 - Chemical and Process Engineering

ENCH 293
Course Overview
The main part of this course should provide a basic understanding of the behaviour of fluids
and then students should be able to design pipe and pumping systems for single-phase fluids.
There is also an introduction to systems of units, especially the SI system, and to dimensional
analysis. A number of lectures are given on laboratory measurement and report writing. This
course also includes some computing skills and laboratories.
Fluid mechanics (22 KRM)
Units and dimensional analysis (2 KRM)
Report writing (2 JJN)
Error analysis (4 JJN)
Excel, Visio (4 PJJ)
Associate Professor Ken Morison (course coordinator), room D462, S R Siemon Building
email ken.morison@canterbury.ac.nz
Dr Justin Nijdam, room D553, S R Siemon Building
email justin.nijdam@canterbury.ac.nz
Dr Pat Jordan, room D461, S R Siemon Building
email pat.jordan@canterbury.ac.nz
Relation to Other Courses
This is a core chemical engineering course and is a prerequisite of ENCH354.
Course Requirements
There are no requirements to attend lectures but the Anatomy of Engineering sessions, Pump
Applications lab, and measurement lab must be attended.
Lectures as follows:
First Semester 2009:
9:00 – 10:00 E11
Wednesday 10:00 – 10:50 E11
11:00 – 11:50 E16
In addition there will be three lectures in E11, 11:00 am (Wed 3, 10, 17 March).
Not all lecture times will be used.
Laboratory measurement.
Statistics of measurement and estimation of uncertainty
Report writing.
Computing: Excel, Visio
Basic concepts: fluid mechanics, fluid/solid, liquid/gas, stress/force/mass, properties of
Last opened 8-Mar-16
The SI system for chemical and process engineering.
Dimensional analysis of the variables used in chemical and process engineering
Pressure in static systems: pressure, manometers, atmospheric pressure, buoyancy,
acceleration other than gravity.
Dynamic systems:
Bernoulli’s equation: applications of Bernoulli to flow measurement, including pitot
tube, orifice, venturi, weir, spray jet calculations
Other flow meters
Pipe flow: laminar flow, turbulent flow, velocity profiles, pressure losses in pipes and
fittings, non-circular ducts.
Pumps: net positive suction head, complete system
Control of flow with valves and variable speed.
Brief topics
Pipes in series and parallel
Optimal pipe diameter
Compressible flow, drag force, vortex shedding
Tuesday 23 February and Friday 26 February, 2 pm – 5 pm in the Crypt (Maths and Stats
Building basement). All of the class should attend both afternoons.
Visio: (venue to be advised)
Tuesday 27 April, 2.00 – 3.30 pm. This hands-on session will introduce the use of Visio for
drawing flow sheets. This will be useful for producing diagrams for lab reports over the next
two years and for flow sheets for Design in 2nd and 3rd Pro.
Anatomy of Engineering (E17 & Mechanical Eng Dept.): Each student will be required to
attend two afternoons in the first term to learn about some of the mechanical components
common in chemical and mechanical engineering. There are no marks associated with this but
all students must complete it satisfactorily to obtain a pass in this paper.
Pump Applications Lab (Semi-scale laboratory): Each student will be required to attend one
afternoon lab in the first term. Students work as a group to dismantle and reassemble a pump
and piping network. The pumping rate is then investigated for different discharge pressures.
The objects are to give the students experience of some important plant items, to foster
teamwork and time management skills and to introduce appropriate safety procedures. There
are no marks associated with this but all students must complete it satisfactorily to obtain a
pass in this paper.
Measurement Lab (Level 2 SR Siemon Building): Students investigate the principles of
measurement accuracy by examining the accuracy of basic measuring operations. These
principles are then applied to the calibration of a variable area flow meter. The lectures on
statistics of measurements will be applied in this and later labs.
Fluid pumping and flow measurement (Civil Engineering Fluids Laboratory): There will be
one afternoon for each student consisting of two laboratories to investigate pumping and flow
measurement in the Civil Engineering Fluids Laboratory in the period from 13-22 May.
Students will work as a team in groups of five or six. A group report will be required.
Practical Problems (Level 2 SR Siemon Building): There will be one afternoon for each
student to investigate a number of different fluids problems. No report will be required but an
exam question is very likely to be based on one of the experiments. Students will work in
groups of about three.
Text books
Holland, F A and Bragg R Fluid Flow for Chemical Engineers, 2nd Edn, 1995. (This text is
also recommended for ENCH 354).
Assignments Quizzes
An assignment will be given out about 2 weeks before the quiz. A “model” answer will be
made available about 2 days before the quiz. There will be a 30 minute quiz based only on
the assignment. You will need a calculator for these quizzes.
Units and dimensional analysis, fluid statics
Thurs 18 March
Bernoulli’s equation
Thurs 2 April
Pipe flow
Thurs 13 May
Complete system
due Wed 2 June
Civil Eng pump/flow meter labs (group report)
due 1 week after the lab
Water feature group project
due Friday 4 June
Measurement lab report
(satisfactory completion is required)
due 1 week after the lab
Pump Applications Lab
(satisfactory completion is required)
Anatomy of Engineering
(satisfactory performance is required)
Mid-Year Examination, 63%.
Students with concerns about the course should contact the lecturer, the Director of First
Professional Studies (Dr Pat Jordan) or the Head of Department (Dr Peter Gostomski).
General Policies of the Department
Students may obtain the general policies of the University on matters such as the aegrotat
applications, appeals procedures, reconsideration of grades and special provision for students
with disabilities from the University Calendar.
Last updated: 23 Feb 2010