MANAGEMENT AS A SCIENCE Science is a systematized body of knowledge that explain certain general truths or the operation of general laws. The basic features of Science are as follows:(i) Systematized body of knowledge (ii) Principles based on observation and experimentation. (iii) Universal validity. Let us see how far management fulfills these requirements (i) Systematized body of knowledge:- Science is a systematic body of knowledge. Its principles are based on a cause and effect relationship. For example, the phenomenon of an apple falling from a tree towards the ground is explained by the law of gravity. LIKE SCIENCE, MANAGEMENT HAS SYSTEMATISED BODY OF KNOWLEDGE AND HAS ITS OWN THEORY AND PRINCIPLES THAT HAVE DEVELOPED OVER A PERIOD OF TIME. PRINCIPLES OF MANAGEMENT TOO ESTABLISH CAUSE AND EFFECT RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DIFERENT VARIABLES. SO, THIS FEATURES OF SCIENCE IS PRESENT IN MANAGEMENT. (ii) Principles based on experimentation :- Scientific principles are first developed through observation and then tested through repeated experimentation under controlled conditions. THE PRINCIPLES OF MANAGEMENT ARE ALSO BASED ON REPEATED EXPERIEMENTATION AND OBSERVATION. IN DIFFERENT OUTCOMES OF THESE EXPERIMENTS ARE NOT CAPABLE OF BEING ACCURATELY PREDICETED . THEREFORE, MANAGEMENT CAN BE CALLED AN INEXACT SCIENCE. SO, THIS FEATURE OF SCIENCE IS NOT FULLY PRESENT IN MANAGEMENT. (iii) Universal validity: Scientific principles have universal validity and application. SINCE THE PRINCIPLES OF NAMAGEMENT ARE NOT AS EXACT AS THE PRINCIPLES OF SCIENCE, THERE APPLICATION AND USE IS NOT UNIVERSAL. THEY HAVE TO BE MODIFIED ACCORDING TO A GIVEN SITUAITION. HOWEVER, THEY PROVIDE MANAGERS WITH CERTAIN STANDARDISED TECHNIQUES THAT CAN BE USED IN DIFFERENT SITUATIONS. THESE PRINCIPLES ARE ASLO USED FOR TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT OF MANAGERS. SO, THIS FEATURE OF SCIENCE IS NOT FULLY PRESENT IN MANAGEMENT. CONCLUSION: THUS, MANAGEMENT IS UNDOUBTEDLY A SCIENCE, HOWEVER, IT IS NOT AS EXACT OR AS COMPREHENSIVE AS PURE SCIENCE LIKE PHYSICS OR CHEMISTRY. THIS IS BECAUSE MANAGEMENT DEALS WITH PEOPLE AND IT IS VERY DIFFICULT TO PREDICT THE BEHAVIOUR OF HUMAN BEINGS ACCURATELY. THREFORE, MANAGEMENT IS CONDISERED TO BE AN INEXACT, SOFT, SOCIAL OR BEHAVIOURAL SCIENCE.