AP Art History Unit Sheets Ms. Cook

AP Art History Unit Sheets Ms. Cook Unit Sheet #1 Chapter 1: Prehistoric Art Period of Art Paleolithic Paleolithic Paleolithic Paleolithic Neolithic Neolithic Name Type of Art Feline headed human
Venus of Willendorf
Cave paintings at Lascaux, France
Clay bison at Le Tuc d’Audoubert, France
Catal Hoyuk, Turkey
Stonehenge, England Sculpture Sculpture Painting Sculpture Architecture Architecture Context and Background: In the Paleolithic period people were hunter‐gatherers; those in the Neolithic period cultivated the earth and raised livestock. Neolithic people lived in organized settlements, divided labor into occupations, and constructed the first homes. Key Ideas • The earliest surviving works of art are cave paintings and portable sculptures of human or animals • Little is known about the original intention or meaning of prehistoric works. • Buildings such as Stonehenge show the ability of prehistoric people to build elaborate religious structures using the post‐and‐lintel system of construction. Techniques: (art making techniques and terms) • Architecture: (Stonehenge) Post‐and‐lintel construction, megaltith, trilithon, Mortise‐an‐tenon, henge, comlech • Two‐dimensional art work: silhouette vs. frontal view, contour/contour line, aerial view vs side view, twisted perspective/composite view • Three‐dimensional art work: additive vs subtractive, methods of making sculpture, statuette (or figurine, relief (sculpture)