June 2011, Volume 46, Issue 6
Web site: ; Member of the Canadian Orchid
Congress; Affiliated with the American Orchid Society, the Orchid
Digest and the International Phalaenopsis Alliance.
Membership: Annual Dues $25 per calendar year (January 1 to
December 31 ).
Membership secretary: Hesse Pommells 416-245-0369, #503-370
Dixon Road, Weston, Ontario, M9R 1T2
Executive: President, Yvonne Schreiber, 905-473-3405; Vicepresident, Elizabeth McAlpine, 416-487-7832; Secretary, Sue
Loftus 905-839-8281; Treasurer, John Vermeer, 905 823-2516
Other Positions of Responsibility: Program, Mario Ferrusi; Plant
Doctor, Doug Kennedy; Meeting Set up, Tom Atkinson; Vendor and
Sales table coordinator, Diane Ryley; Web Master, Max Wilson;
Newsletter, Peter and Inge Poot; Annual Show, Tom Atkinson;
Refreshments, Joe O’Regan. Conservation Committee, Tom
Atkinson; Show table, Iryna Bonya.
Honorary Life Members: Terry Kennedy, Doug Kennedy, Inge
Poot, Peter Poot, Joe O’Regan, Diane Ryley, Wayne Hingston.
Ferrusi Display at Ottawa Show
Photo PP
Meeting Program Sunday, June
5, Sales at noon, program at 1 pm.
On June 5, we will be back in the Floral
Hall for our monthly meeting. At this time,
we welcome Thomas Mirenda, who will
speak on "Orchid Hunting in Central
Annual Show: February 11 – 12, 2012
An orchid grower since childhood, Tom is a very enthusiastic orchid grower and promoter of the Orchid Lifestyle: lots of
plants, old worn-out clothes and furniture, and a diet with no protein. He studied Marine Biology in college, but always
returned to horticulture, first as a hobby, and eventually as a career. He has worked at some of the East Coast's most
cherished botanic gardens and private estates.
Tom's interest in orchids has influenced him to travel extensively through Latin America and he is an expert on the orchids
of Costa Rica and Panama.
Tom is the Museum Specialist for the Orchid Collection at the Smithsonian Institution in Washington DC. The Smithsonian
collection is an extremely diverse collection of species and hybrids from all over the world, collected for its educational,
conservation, and ornamental values. He is also responsible for supplying blooming plants year-round for the many
horticultural displays of the Smithsonian, including its annual, five months in duration Orchid Exhibition.
Next Meeting August SOOS Summerfest. August 7, Toronto Centre judging and SOOS
Orchidfest, Toronto Botanical Garden, Judging 10 am, Program 1 pm, Andrea Niessen from
Columbia on Maxillarias and Sam Tsui from Chicago on multifloral Paphiopedilums.
Tour of Orchid Growers June 11 and 12, 2011
 Doug &
15 Wilmac Crt.
Date(s) & Time Open
Sunday June 12
10 a.m. – 4 p.m.
Orchids in Our
 Wayne
7 Hillings Drive
 Joe and
414 Upper Ottawa St.
 Calvin
53 Howard Road
 Eric & Ellen
Saturday June 11
10 a.m. – 3 p.m.
Saturday June 11
9 a.m. – 4 p.m.
Sunday June 12
11 a.m. – 3 p.m.
Crystal Star
By appointment only
Saturday June 11 & Sunday
June 12
By Appointment Only
4 Leahann Dr.
Joe O’Regan
Sunday June 12
1 – 4 p.m.
Iryna Bonya
22 Crendon Drive
Sunday June 12
10 a.m. – 3 p.m.
Rosanne Li
7 Mooreland Crt.
 Plants for Sale
Saturday June 11
10 a.m. – 1 p.m.
Summerfest 2011
Sunday, August 7
The Southern Ontario Orchid Society (SOOS) is
pleased to announce that Andrea Niessen and
Sam Tsui will be guest speakers at this year's
Summerfest. This annual event is open to all
SOOS members, as well as to bona fide
members of other orchid societies. As this event
is held on the August long weekend - Sunday,
August 7, 2011 - it is not too early to plan your
own calendar around this event.
This is the meeting where we all bring our
favourite potluck dishes for our attendees to
There will be 2 presentations:
plants brought to Summerfest will cost 10%
to 15% more
there will be approximately 100 different
please contact Andrea via e-mail and let her
know the order
for credit cards, it must be in US$
for cash, either Canadian or US currency is
SOOS President’s Remarks
Sam Tsui: News in multifloral
Paphiopedilums & their culture
Andrea Niessen: the Maxillarias and their
they will be bringing orchids for sale. Here
are the details thereof:
Sam Tsui:
Orchid Inn Ltd. at
Sam is at [email protected]
people may order from Sam’s website
or from an updated list which will be sent out
in early June:
regarding the website, please note that it will
not be accurate till June 1
cut-off date for pre-orders is June 19 - for
the CITES permit
there will be a 10% discount for all preorders except NET price items or packages!
for credit cards, it must be in US$
for cash, either Canadian or US currency is
Andrea Niessen:
Orquideas del Valle at
Andrea is at [email protected]
available orchids are found as follows:
at the website
there is a pricelist via an Excel spreadsheet
– send an email to [email protected] to receive
a copy
cut-off date for pre-orders is June 10
pre-orders and a discount:
there is no discount for pre-orders
pre-orders have the listed price (of the web
site or spreadsheet) and no extra cost
Fellow orchid aficionados: Thank you
goes out to those of you who brought in treats
to share for our May 1st meeting. The letter of
the month for June will be the letter “M”. We
are asking anyone whose last name starts with
the letter “M” to bring in a treat to share. These
treats should be finger foods only i.e.
something that can be picked up with your
fingers and does not require a plate or fork.
The Tour of Orchid Growers will take
place on June 11th and 12th. This will give
members of our society a chance to visit and
see how others are looking after their orchids.
There will be eight different growers to visit.
Please respect the dates and times posted in
the chart. Contact information is shown for
each of the members who have generously
allowed us to visit them.
Our May 1st meeting was held in the
Garden Hall and served as an introduction to
this room. As was apparent to those in
attendance, we will have to make some
accommodations that are necessitated by the
smaller space. Your executive, to make the
most effective use of the space, will reconsider
the arrangement of the various tables. We will
not be using the Garden Hall again until April
2012. Due to the acoustics in this room, I found
that sound traveled very well. This means that
conversations that might not be heard in the
Floral Hall are disruptive to meetings in the
Garden Hall. Please be considerate and keep
Fall New Comers’ Meetings
your private conversations until the social
Wayne Hingston (905-686-5697) will once
again present his excellent series on the culture
of the most popular types of hobby orchids.
These sessions are for members who have just
started in orchids and will be presented at the
Toronto Botanical Garden Board Room on the
following Tuesday evenings at 7 pm:
A number of changes will be made to
the membership fees. Beginning in September
2011, the cost for a membership will increase to
$30.00. Effective immediately, for all new
members opting to receive the newsletter via
regular post, an additional charge of $15.00 will
be added to their membership fee. A current
member wishing to change from e-mail to
regular post for receipt of the newsletter will
also be assessed this additional charge. Our
monthly newsletter is currently available via email or regular post. Almost half of our
members have chosen not to receive the e-mail
version, and the cost of mailing the newsletter
to these people uses up most of all of the
membership fees collected. If at possible, we
are urging all current members, who have not
provided us with an e-mail address to receive
the newsletter, to do so.
Sept. 27, Oct. 18, Nov. 22, Dec. 13, and Jan. 17
MEETINGS APRIL 27 to MAY 1, 2011
Orchidfest is fast approaching. Please
remember that this event will now, with
exception of beverages, be totally potluck. All
the food, main courses, salads and desserts, will
be brought in and shared by our members.
What we bring to share, we will all eat.
After a three hour delay leaving Buffalo Airport
and then flying over the tornados that caused
the severe damage in the lower states Conni
and I arrived at our hotel in Shreveport at
midnight not 7 pm as scheduled. The weather
the rest of the time was nice, actually got into
some humidity a lot sooner than I would like.
This is your orchid society. What are
your hopes, ideas, problems or complaints
about the society? What are we doing well?
What could we be doing? We can always use
fresh ideas. Are you willing to contribute? We
need someone to step forward to act as show
chairperson for our 2012 show. Could that
person be you? Too big a job for you? Get your
feet wet by joining the executive – there are
jobs looking for people. The election for the
2012-2013 executive will take place at the
December 4th meeting.
Talk to me at a
[email protected], or phone me at
Yvonne Schreiber
Some of the things that might interest SOOS
and AOS members are that the AOS Building
does have an offer on it and there some hurdles
to jump, but it seems that the sale will be
complete some time this fall.
With that going on the Board is actively looking
for a new home, most likely a Botanical Garden.
Here the AOS would remain the AOS, produce
Orchids magazine, keep the AOS Judging
System the best in the World and keep as many
features as possible on going, but save greatly
on many shared needs.
The new web site is in Beta testing and could be
on line by June 1. Along with this there will be a
new format for AQ Plus called Orchids Plus, this
will be mainly on line and will be updated
everytime you access it. All subscribers will
Welcome New Member
Hideh Tabatabaie. Hideh grows her orchids on a
windowsill and learned about us from a friend.
receive a disc to start off and then will be
updated on line.
Cymbidium Sweetheart ‘Sensation’, ?
There is also to be a new blog for training and
other orchid info.
Epicatanthe Volcano Trick ‘Fireball’, John Vermeer.
Phalaenopsis King’s Landing West, Don Wyatt
Rhyncholaeliacattleya Kat E-Sun, John Vermeer.
Those of you that are members have I'm sure
seen the great improvement in Orchids
magazine and from the list of articles they have
lined up it will continue to be great.
Rhyncholaeliacattleya Duh’s Wisdom ‘Green Star’,
John Vermeer.
Cattleya loddigesii, Aina Balodis.
I would like to also congratulate Jean AllenIkeson for her elevation to Accredited and Calvin
Wong also for elevation to Probationary. Great
Cymbidium ensifoium #2 ‘Gin Chi’ Jay Norris.
Probationary judges are required to do a major
paper on an orchid judging related topic before
they are advanced to Accredited status. Jean
Ikeson did an extensive paper on Sarchochilus
and its hybrids which will be published in a
special issue of Orchids magazine by the
American Orchid Society (AOS). Quite an
honour that is well worth supporting. AOS is
asking for small contributions to a fund that
allows it to publish these special extra editions.
Cymbidium Phoenix #3, Jay Norris.
Cymbidium ensifoium #1 ‘Continuing Luck’ Fuk Lun,
Jay Norris.
Thank you all.
Coming Events
4, Toronto Centre judging, Toronto Botanical
Garden, Judges training 10 am, Judging 1 pm.
5, SOOS meeting Toronto Botanical Garden,
sales 12 noon, program 1 pm.
18, Montréal Centre – Jardin Botanique de Montréal
Mario Ferrusi
18-19, Great Lakes Judging Center, Annual
Seminar, Ann Arbor, MI
Ottawa Show.
This show is held in the
arena of a recreation centre, which makes for a
very spacious layout. Inge and Peter Poot put in
the SOOS display. The SOOS ribbon winners were:
2, Toronto Centre, Toronto Botanical Garden,
Judges training 10 am, Judging 1 pm.
1st Place Ribbons
Paphiopedilum delenatii, Yvonne Schreiber
16, Montréal Centre – Jardin botanique de
Macradenia multiflora, ?
2nd Place Ribbons
7, Toronto Centre judging and SOOS
Orchidfest, Toronto Botanical Garden,
Judging 10 am, Program 1 pm,
Andrea Niessen from Columbia on
Maxillarias and Sam Tsui from
Chicago on Paphs.
Promenea Ben Berliner, Don Wyatt
Paphiopedilum Jogjae, ?
Dendrobium Roy Tokunaga, Jay Norris
Paphiopedilum rothschildianum, Inge and Peter Poot
3 Place Ribbons
20, Montréal Centre – Jardin botanique de
Brassia Rex ‘Sakata’, ?
Paphiopedilum esquirolei ‘Yvonne’, Yvonne Schreiber
3, Toronto Centre, Toronto Botanical Garden,
Paphiopedilum Salvador Dali ‘Yvonne’ Yvonne
Judges training 10 am, Judging 1 pm.
Dendrobium fimbriatum, Inge and Peter Poot.
sales 12 noon, program 1 pm
4, SOOS meeting Toronto Botanical Garden,
17, Montréal Centre – Jardin botanique de
end of April, 2011, we attended an interesting
talk by : Roy Takunaga of H&R Orchids on
24-25, Central Ontario Orchid Society
Show, Toronto Centre, October judging
How To Grow Specimen Plants
Not only did we
insightful tips, but
Mr Takunaga also
drew out attention
to the fact that most
of the tips he gave
us can be gleaned
from articles in the
AOS Judging Results
Please note, all of these awards are
provisional until published by the
American Orchid Society
Ottawa Show April 23:
Coelogyne ? CHM-AOS 86 points, Doug and
Terry Kennedy
He started the show
with a mouthDendrochilum filiforme Orchids+ photo
watering clone of
filiforme. In its native habitat it gets 100-150 inches
(250- 375cm) of rain per year. But if you try to
simulate this in cultivation by watering every day, the
centre will rot.
Promenea Conni AM-AOS 80 points, Mario and
Conni Ferrusi
Sedirea japonica ‘Crystal Star’ HCC-AOS 79
points, Crystal Star Orchids
Bulbophyllum lobbii ‘J B de Montreal’ CCM-AOS
83 points
Lycaste Garfield ‘ J B de Montreal’ CCE-AOS 91
The solution of the grower was to grow the plant in a
6 inch(15cm) clay pot filled with sphagnum.
Toronto Centre May 7, 2011:
Odontocidium Dark Chocolate ‘Daina’s Feast’
AM-AOS 82 points, Doug and Terry Kennedy
The plant was summered out of doors mounted on a
swivel in a breezy part of the garden so that every bit
of wind rotated the plant and PRESTO: flowers set all
around the plant.
Masdevallia Violet Gems ‘Starry’ AM-AOS 80
points, Mario and Conni Ferrusi
Dracula benedictii CCE-AOS 90 points, Mario
and Conni Ferrusi
It was fertilized very little.
This led to a more general discussion on how to deal
with the climate to get specimen plants.
Coelogyne bilamellata, CBR-AOS, Calvin Wong
Aerides fieldingii, CCM-AOS, Dwayne Levy
Paphiopedilum Fumi’s Delight ‘Synea’ AM-AOS
80 points, Synea Tan
As long as the rainfall is less than 80 inches (200cm)
per year, a good way to reduce the heat is to place
the plant under shade cloth. The heat escapes
through it, but the rain flushes the plants under the
cloth. You can then do continuous feeding at a low
rate, but if there is no rain you must flush thoroughly
at least once per year –once per month is better. See
an article on leaching on page 372-377 by Fred
Bergman in the May 2004 issue of Orchids.
Dendrobium Ueng Fueng ‘Crystal Star’ AM-AOS
82 points, Eric and Ellen Lee.
Siderea japonica AM-AOS 81 points, Eric and
Ellen Lee.
Montreal Centre May 21, 2011:
Muscarella kennedyi CBR-AOS, Marie Odile
Orchid Ramblings by Inge Poot
With rain water use the MSU-RO-water special
formulation fertilizer, but if your water is basic an
acidified 15-5-15 formula is better.
While Peter and I attended the AOS semiannual meeting in Shreveport, Louisiana at the
If you have orchids with different water
requirements (and who has not!) use different
media so that you can water them all the same.
The maximum light tolerance of each species has to
be established and when giving plants light it is better
to err on the side of a bit too much light. The most
common reason for no flowers is insufficient light!
Specimen plants do better when they are disturbed as
little as possible and as a result weeds can become a
severe problem. At H&R Oxalis corniculata is their
bane! (I wish it were the only bane in my plants!)
Orchids has two articles on how to combat them , one
by Susan Jones in the May 2004 issue on pages 340
-342 and the other in the “Orchid Pests and Diseases”
2002 booklet in Thomas Sheehan‟s section on
“Physiological Disorders of Orchids”.
Consult “The Principles of Light” by Erik Runkle,
Orchids May 2008, pages350-353 for information on
light quality for different light sources and maximum
suggested light intensities for different genera.
The speaker brought up the point that light intensity
recommendations have to be adjusted to the latitude
the plant is grown at. A Dendrobium aggregatum
grown all year round in Hawaii can take 6000-7000
foot-candles of light. When you try to give this amount
of light to a plant grown further north it will burn. It
won‟t put up as hard a growth.
Susan Jones also wrote a good article on slug and
snail control in the April 2002 issue of Orchids. On the
same topic, Bev Tall wrote in the January-March 2004
issue of the ORCHID Digest that spreading
diatomaceous earth around the perimeter of the
orchid growing area/greenhouse will cut down on the
Also remember that at 115 - 120F (46-49C) is the
temperature at which orchids “cook”. Too much light
without good ventilation can be toxic!
This May 2004 issue is full of cultural information on
how to get specimen plants of Dendrobium
cuthbertsonii, Sophronites (Cattleya) species, how
they are grown in Japan, and how to grow Podangis
dactyloceras, Stanhopeas (Yea!), how to water
Vandas and how to grow Brassia intergenerics.
This section is based on an article in the May 2006
“Orchids“ by Mary Jo Gilsdorf: “Adaptive Repotting
Approach”. It means matching the plant to the
With a minimum temperature of 48F(9C) and a
maximum of 94F(31C) the charming little Dykia
hendersoniana with little grape-like clusters of white
flowers with rose-pink lips) was grown with ease by
the late Fred Fuchs either mounted, in a basket or
even in an empty plastic tray! For hints on specimen
culture consult Robert Fuchs‟ (Fred‟s son‟s) article in
the September 2004 issue of Orchids, pages 672679. It discusses how to get specimen plants in the
Vanda, Dendrobium and Cattleya alliance.
Cattleya aclandiae is potted in a net pot with huge
chunks of bark, because its roots like to be exposed
and will photosynthesize.
Another example is Broughtonia sanguinea. It likes
bright light and needs a very coarse potting medium
with Styrofoam on the bottom to get good air and
drainage. A good way to pot it is to jam it with coarse
bark into the top third of the pot and leave the roots
dangling free in the bottom two thirds. A clear pot is
When you get a plant with thick roots and the plant
looks like a succulent, chances are pretty good that
the plant wants to have exposed roots with which to
photosynthesize. (Note: Any plant whose roots turn
green when watered thoroughly will photosynthesize
with the roots eg Vandas according to Martin Motes)
The best plants always have good roots. 50% of plant
mass should be roots and in some plants it should be
60-70%. (Reference: Joseph Arditti‟s book “The
Fundamentals of Orchid Biology”, 1992):
Velamen makes orchid roots different. It is a spongy
absorbent covering for the roots and it leads anything
it mops up to the root tip where it is absorbed. Some
species can photosynthesize in their roots. For
example: Vanda roots are self-sustaining and need
no sugar from the rest of the plant.
A more extreme example is Grammatophyllum
scriptum and the even bigger G. elegans. It needs
lots of air if it is not to rot. The best way is to jam the
plant into the pot with big chunks of styrofoam. When
treated this way, they had these supposedly warm
growers survive to near freezing dips in temperature.
Orchids”. It gives the conditions that trigger flowering
for many orchids, but states that the triggers for many
genera such as Miltonia, Oncidium, Vanda and
Zygopetalum are not known.
The worst enemy with good culture are slugs and
bush snails. They love the same conditions as orchids
and must be fought with several applications of
methaldehyde. To cut down on hiding and breeding
spaces for these pests, covering the soil under the
benches with something like landscape cloth will help.
Flower Boosting Summary:
Roots and Environmental conditions should be
Nutrition and extra steps for specimen plants:
Apply a high Calcium fertilizer one month before spike
initiation at the rate of one teaspoon per gallon of
At H&R the pH is adjusted once a year with dolomite.
One month before spike initiation the plants are
treated with Calcium nitrate.
Extra phosphorus does not help. 3% is enough, 30%
gives fewer flowers.
Then once a week the plants get a calcium fortified
fertilizer until the flowers open, then stop. You will get
more flowers that way.
Low nitrogen fertilizers should be used since
ammonia and urea will favour vegetative growth at
the expense of flowers. Nitrates are OK to use since
they are not used by the plant.
They use 1 tsp/gallon in the summer, ¼ tsp/gallon in
the winter and ½ tsp/gallon in Hawaii!
Calcium feeding is more complicated and Roy
Takenaga plans to write an article on it for “Orchids”so watch for it. A summary of it is that Calcium is not
mobile. It means that when it is deposited or used by
the plant, it cannot be re-used by the plant anywhere
else. It is absorbed by the root tips and moved via the
Xylem to the growing areas of the plant. So it always
has to be available in fertilizer when needed. The
plant cannot decide to sacrifice an old leaf, say, to get
calcium for the developing flowers. It has to come
from the root tips.
Watering is done every day for plants in loose mix in
Hawaii, but here put the plants into clay pots for more
humidity and faster drying.
The plants are rotated periodically.
Some tips about nutrition, based on an article in the
June 2003“ issue of Orchids” by Jan Szyren ”Without
High Phosphorus” pages 454-459, or all about the
MSU fertilizer development and results. You may
remember that it used to be the belief that high
phosphorus (middle # in fertilizer labels) resulted in
flowering. Michigan State University did experiments
that proved that 3% phosphorus was good for
orchids, 5% was not necessary and a high of 20%
such as in 20-20-20 gave fewer flowers. The MSU
developed fertilizer also has an added 8% Calcium
and 2% magnesium.
To finish with a concrete example: To get a
spectacularly flowered Encyclia bractescens mount
the plant on a swivel and give it blossom booster just
before it flowers
If you grow with hard water, such as well water, you
will do better to use Peter‟s 15-5-15 fertilizer (it
acidifies) and use MSU just before flowering.
The August 2004 “Orchids”pages 602-605 had an
article by Dr. Yin-Tung Wang about experiments
testing the effect of Magnesium and Phosphorus
applied in the Autumn to promote Flowering of
Phalaenopsis. It found that neither promoted it, but
phosphorus reduced the number of flowers per
inflorescence when applied at a high rate.
The March 2004 issue of “Orchids” pages 196-203
carried an article by Roberto Lopez and Dr Erik
Runkle titled “A Reality Check :The Flowering of
Encyclia bractescens in H&R display
Cattleya luteola 'Best Ever' HCC-AOS 78 points AOS
Orchids+ picture
The plant of the month went to Michael Hwang for the
charming Cattleya luteola. Not easy to get even one
or two flowers and known for its awkward habit of
growth, this little orchid looked compact and was
covered with flowers. Excellent job! Michael grows
his cattleyas under lights in warm to intermediate
temperatures and waters once a week. This one was
a resistant bloomer in the past, but more light made
her change her disposition. He recently started
misting in the morning and this one really enjoys it.
Congratulations, Michael!
A Star is born.
Crystal Star Orchids offers broker
service with over 15 top orchid
nurseries from Taiwan and the
U.S.A, including:
Ching Hua Orchids, In Charm, Krull
Smith, and Sunset Valley.
Our website is up and running. If
you have any questions please feel
free to email us at:
[email protected] or
Eric Lee at (905) 478-8398.
May 2011 Show Table
Class 1
Cattleya luteola
Cattleya jenmanii
Cattleya Alliance
Michael Hwang
Michael Hwang
Midnight Doll
Don Wyatt
Class 2
Paphiopedilum Ho Chi Minh
Paphiopedilum hangianum
Fumi‟s Delight
Henry Glowka
Erika Lorincz
Synea Tan
Class 3
Vanda Alliance
Aerangis stylosa
and Erika Lorincz
Fajen‟s Neofinetia
Fireworks x Alfonso Morew
Henry Glowka
Class 5
Cymbidium aloifolium
Lauren Nurse
Class 6
Christmas Dendrobium aggregatum
Chime x Oriental Smile
Synea Tan
Sue Loftus
Dendrobium hancockii
Tenny Chan
Class 7
Coelogyne „Rainbow Trout‟
All Others
Alex Antenaitis
[Spe.](Pleurothallis) grobyi
„Andrew‟s First Communion‟
Erika Lorincz
Class 8
Dendrobium Gatton Sunray
Specimen Plants
Tenny Chan
Michael Hwang