2014 年 度 29386-051 ○人 から人 間 への道 －51 (文 化 と社 会 的 多 様 性 の概 念 史 ) 2 単 位 春 学 期 今 出 川 講 義 形 式 What makes Humans Human? -Exploring Changing Concepts of Culture and Social Diversity - ＜概 要 ＞ This course explores how humans have thought and theorized about themselves as social being s throughout recent history into the present. The role that cultural anthropology has played in helping people to understand themselves as part of larger social groups (ethnic communities ， cultures， nations) is the core focus. In brief， this course will introduce students to the central topics ， concepts and methods of socio -cultural anthropology， which can be broadly defined as the study of human cultures and societies. It will survey the key areas of inquiry in contemporary socio -cultural anthropology a nd offer insights into how ordinary aspects of peoples' lives are informed by the cultural and social contexts of which they consider themselves a part. The course will draw on ethnographic examples and case studies from a variety of cultures ， but contemporary Japan will be the main focus ， in order to provide students with a framework for a better understanding of the context of their immediate surrounding environment. Group discussion about the topics will be a fundamental part of the classes ， and each student will contribute to the discussion. A fieldwork assignment will be a central focus in order to put theory into practice. Part of the assessment will be based on the discussions ， presentations and group work. ＜到 達 目 標 ＞ This course will challenge st udents to see the world through an anthropological lens. Rather than accepting the world as it is described by people in their everyday lives themselves ， students should also gain insight into the mechanisms that determine how people see the world based on their cultural and historical contexts. 本 コースにより，学 生 は人 類 学 的 なレンズを通 して世 界 を見 ることが可 能 となる。また学 生 は，世 界 を人 間 自 身 によって描 写 された通 りに受 け入 れるのではなく，人 間 が自 身 の文 化 的 ，歴 史 的 なコンテクストに基 づいた世 界 をどのように判 断 してい るのか，それを決 定 づける構 造 を見 抜 く力 も獲 得 するであろう。 ＜授 業 計 画 ＞ （実 施 回 ） （内 容 ） （ 授 業 時 間 外 の学 習 ） 1 2 Written Assignment on Introductory Questions Watch Boas video online and write a commentary 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Course Introduction What is Anthropology? History of Anthropology Evolution and Boas's Contribution to Early Anthropology， Cultural Relativism Early Anthropology of Japan Read Lassiter， "Chapter 1" Further Readings to Be Decided Read Benedict， "Chrysanthemum and the Sword" Further Readings to Be Decided What is Culture? Read Lassiter， "Chapter 2" Further Readings to Be Decided Ethnography Read Lassiter， "Chapter 3" Further Readings to Be Decided Fieldwork Start Fieldwork Assignment Further Readings to Be Decided Human Variation and Race Finish Fieldwork Assignment Further Readings to Be Decided Ethnicity， Diversity and Multiculturalism in Turn in Summary of Fieldwork Report Japan Presentations of Fieldwork Further Readings to Be Decided Gender and Power Read Lassiter， "Chapter 5" Further Readings to Be Decided Social Stratification ， Bureaucracy， and Submit one page s ummary of final paper topic with World Systems references Further Readings to Be Decided Anthropology of Popular Culture Further Readings to Be Decided Food Cultures Further Readings to Be Decided Anthropology of Globalizing Japan Submit Final Essay Summary and Discussion Presentations of Papers Students are required to complete the assigned readings and to come to class prepared to discuss them. Class participation will be a part of your evaluation process (see below). Assigned and sugge sted readings will be posted in further versions of the syllabus. ＜成 績 評 価 基 準 ＞ 平常点 (出 席 ，クラス参 加 ，グループ作 業 の成 果 等 ) 20% Students are responsible for completing the readings for the day they are assigned and to come to class prepared to discuss them. Your class particip ation grade will be based on the following: 1) Class attendance 2) A demonstration that you have read the assigned material 3) Contribution with thoughtful comments about the topic， the readings， and the discussion during the class. The modality of class discussion and evaluation will be decided during the first weeks of the semester ， according to the number of students enrolled in the course. They can include: - Individual/group short presentations - Short reports about the group discussion (abou t one page) 小 レポート 20% Several short homework assignments will be given ， e.g. to write a summary and analysis of an online video or website assigned by the professor 中 間 レポート試 験 20% Summary of Fieldwork Assignment: Student will be required to summar ise their fieldwork，drawing on the ideas presented in the course about fieldwork ， ethnography， and cultural relativism (1000 -1500 words， including bibliography). The organisation of this assignment will be discussed in class. 期 末 レポート試 験 ・論 文 40% Final Paper: Students will be required to select a topic of their interest (negotiated with the professor) during the class and to express their ideas on it in a report (2000-2500 words， bibliography excluded). The essay will draw on a minimum of five reference sources and provide a critical analysis of the topic. The evaluation is based on logical organisation of ideas， including class discussions ，use of reference materials and being on time. ＜テキスト＞ Lassiter， Luke E. , Invitation to Anthropology , 4th . (Rowman and Littlefield, 2014) . ISBN:9780759122543 A concise and explanatory overview of socio -cultural anthropology with good examples and discussion. This will be the core text for the first half of the classes. ＜備 考 ＞ 1. 2. 3. 4. Since discussion is an essential par t of this course please come to class prepared and on time. Basic manners such as not texting with cell phones in class are expected. Let us know if you have an emergency and will not be able to come to class. Plagiarism and Cheating Doshisha University does not tolerate plagiarism ， cheating， or helping others to cheat. These actions will result in an automatic “F” in the course. Plagiarism is defined as misrepresenting the work of others (whether published or not) as your own. It may be ina dvertent or intentional. Any facts ， statistics， quotations， or paraphrasing of any information that is not common knowledge ， should be cited. For more information on paper writing ， including how to avoid plagiarism and how to use citations ， there are many resources to help you in the library. Please speak with one of the reference librarians.