Modern History Sourcebook: Spread of Railways

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11/11/13
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Modern History Sourcebook:
Spread of Railways in 19th Century
This document takes the data in Table 6 of Spread of the Industrial Revolution and presents it in different ways in order
to show how statistical data may be used.
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Table 6
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Spread of Railways in Ten Selected Countries
Selected Sources
Sections
Studying History
(Length of line open [in kilometers [1km = 5/8 mile])
Reformation
1840
1860
1880
1900
Early Modern World
Everyday Life
Austria­Hungary
144
4,543
18,507
36,330
Absolutism
Belgium
334
1,730
4,112
4,591
Constitutionalism
France
496
9,167
23,089
38,109
Colonial North
America
Germany
469
11,089
33,838
51,678
2,390
14,603
25,060
30,079
Italy
20
2,404
9,290
16,429
Scientific Revolution
Netherlands
17
335
1,846
2,776
Enlightenment
Russia
27
1,626
22,865
53,234
Enlightened Despots
Spain
­
1,917
7,490
13,214
American
Independence
Sweden
­
527
5,876
11,303
Colonial Latin
America
Great Britain
French Revolution
Industrial Revolution
Romanticism
Conservative Order
Nationalism
Visually this version of the table can be presented as follows. In this version the percentage of total European railways
belonging to each country in particular years is shown. Great Britain, a small island, had well over 60 percent of
railroads in Europe in 1840, but a much smaller percentage, even though its absolute amount of track increased
tenfold, by 1900.
Liberalism
1848
19C Britain
19C France
19C Germany
19C Italy
19C West Europe
19C East Europe
Early US
US Civil War
US Immigration
19C US Culture
Canada
Australia & New
Zealand
19C Latin America
Socialism
Imperialism
Industrial Revolution
II
Darwin, Freud
19C Religion
World War I
Russian Revolution
www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/INDREV6.asp
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Internet History Sourcebooks
Russian Revolution
Age of Anxiety
Depression
Fascism
Nazism
Holocaust
World War II
Bipolar World
In this next graph, the same data are present in a way which emphasizes the absolute increase in railroads during the
period. US Power
US Society
Western Europe
Since 1945
Eastern Europe Since
1945
Decolonization
Asia Since 1900
Africa Since 1945
Middle East Since
1945
20C Latin America
Modern Social
Movements
Post War Western
Thought
Religion Since 1945
Modern Science
Pop Culture
21st Century
IHSP Credits
This text is part of the Internet Modern History Sourcebook. The Sourcebook is a collection of public domain and copy­
permitted texts for introductory level classes in modern European and World history.
Unless otherwise indicated the specific electronic form of the document is copyright. Permission is granted for
electronic copying, distribution in print form for educational purposes and personal use. If you do reduplicate the
document, indicate the source. No permission is granted for commercial use of the Sourcebook.
(c)Paul Halsall Aug 1997 [email protected] www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/INDREV6.asp
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