File - Alexandra's e

 Alexandra Schultz Submitted to Mrs. Jorgensen COMM 1020 Speech 4: Persuasive Speech April 17, 2015 Part 1 Persuasive Speech: Audience Assessment Specific Goal: ​
My audience will agree that it is important to donate blood. Type of Claim: ​
This is a claim of value. Primary Ethos: ● Competence: ​
I am creating a career out of phlebotomy, and am a firm believer that donating blood saves lives. ● Fairness: ​
I will address opposing claims equally. For every agreeing claim I will present one opposing claim. Secondary Ethos:​
I will cite at least 3 professional sources other than myself. Audience Assessment: ​
Most of my audience members will probably have an attitude toward by proposition that is… highly favorable. Adaptation to Audience Attitude: Common Ground: ​
Donating blood is something widely accepted and practiced by a lot of people. I think I could find common ground no matter where I start this speech. Latitude of Acceptance: ​
I think they will accept my proposition because like I said donating blood is something accepted and practiced by most people. I just want to open their eyes to how amazing it is of them to donate blood. Baby Steps: ​
Start with qualifications to be able to donate, what could disqualify you, where your donated blood goes and who it helps, etc. Pattern of Organization: ​
Topical PART 2 ON NEXT PAGE Part 2: Persuasive Speech: Key­Word Outline The Importance of Donating Blood Hook:​
The saying "blood runs thicker than water" is a bit redundant when you take it out of its cultural context. Proposition: ​
Both in a cultural and a physical context, you know you need both blood and water to survive ­­ in either context, losing one or the other can result in death. Preview: 1. Statistics 2. Blood Types 3. Blood Lifespan 4. Personal Benefit Transition: ​
Today, I'm going to talk about the importance of donating blood, and how it can benefit you. BODY 1. Every two seconds in America, someone needs blood, and in hospitals across the country they use 43,000 pints of blood every day. a. 37% of America's eligible b. 1 in 7 require transfusion c. Accidents d. Hemoglobin deficiencies Transition: ​
Reach back to your middle school biology class and remember the things you learned about blood. 1. Blood types a. A,B,AB,O b. Positive and Negative c. Which type can accept another type? d. Wrong blood type = possible death Transition: ​
You also have to consider that donated blood can go bad. 1. While frozen plasma remains intact for up to a year, red blood cells can only be stored for about 42 days before they start to "go bad:" decompose and lose its vitality. a. Donated platelets = 5 day lifespan b. No substitute for human blood c. Pig blood? Pig insulin? d. BLOOD SHORTAGES! Transition: ​
Donating blood can help improve your health as well. 1. In addition to getting a free blood analysis when donating, you reduce your risk of cancer and improve your heart's health. a. High iron VS low iron b. Reduce risk of cancer, heart attack, stroke c. Research d. Blood­borne illnesses Transition: ​
I could throw statistics at you that demonstrate the need for donated blood all day. CONCLUSION: Unfortunately, we as humans don't understand numbers very well ­­ it's hard for us to imagine 4 pints of blood, let alone 43,000. If you donate your blood twice a year, you can save up to 6 people's lives. Plus, you'll be able to claim 6 new siblings by blood, and that's just with one year of donating. If a full donation is too much, you can donate plasma, red blood cells, or platelets individually. All in all, I hope you have learned something new about our bodies, our medical system, and blood donation in our country. Thank you for your attention. WORKS CITED: ● Borreli, Lizette. "Why Donating Blood is Good For Your Health." ​
Medical Daily​
. 30 May, 2013. Web. 15 Nov, 2014. ● W Riley, et al. The United States' potential blood donor pool: estimating the prevalence of donor­exclusion factors on the pool of potential donors. ​
2007. Web. 15 Nov, 2014 ● The 2005 Nationwide Blood Collection and Utilization Survey Report. ​
Department of Health & Human Services​
. 2005. Web. 15 Nov, 2014