Anatomy Unit 2-Cardiovaculary & Respiratory Systems Notes Review Questions [Heart Anatomy & Cardiac Conduction] DIRECTIONS: 1) This is not a required assignment, nor will it be collected for points. 2) You should be able to answer all of the questions in this review, without notes, in order to be successful for the quiz/test. 3) I would recommend completing the following to prepare: a. Answering all of the questions, using your notes, on separate paper. b. Do a chunk of questions every day (as we take the notes). c. Make flash cards with the question on one side, and the answer on the other. *You can also just fold paper in ½ and complete the same. d. Quiz yourself out loud (or by writing down answers). Try to quiz yourself out of order. Heart Anatomy Content: 1- What is the outermost layer of tissue on the heart? 2- What is the pericardium? 3- What is the function of the pericardium? 4- What is the middle layer of tissue in the heart? 5- What is the inner most layer of tissue in the heart? 6- What do we call the superior (or “top”) chambers of the heart? 7- What do we call the inferior (or “bottom”) chambers of the heart? 8- How many atria, and how many ventricles are there? 9- What is the function/purpose of the atria? 10- What is the function/purpose of the ventricles? 11- What is the septum? 12- What type of blood does the pulmonary circuit pump? 13- Which side of the heart handles pulmonary blood? 14- List out the pathway blood travels through the pulmonary circuit. 15- What type of blood does the systemic circuit pump? 16- Which side of the heart handles systemic blood? 17- List out the pathway blood travels through the systemic circuit. 18- Where are the AV valves in the heart? 19- What are the names of the 2 AV valves in the heart? 20- Where is the tricuspid valve? 21- Where is the bicuspid (or mitral) valve? 22- Where are the Semilunar valves in the heart? 23- What are the names of the 2 Semilunar Valves in the heart? 24- Where is the pulmonary semilunar valve? 25- Where is the aortic semilunar valve? 26- What is happening when the heart is fully relaxed? 27- What is happening when the heart pumps / contracts? Cardiac Conduction Content: 1- What is the cardiac conduction system? 2- What is the basic depolarization path of the heart? 3- Where is the SA Node? 4- Why do they call the SA Node the “pacemaker”? 5- Where is the AV Node? 6- Where is the AV Bundle? 7- What are the 2 phases of the cardiac cycle? 8- What does “diastole” mean? 9- What happens during diastole? 10- What does “systole” mean? 11- What happens during “systole”? 12- In detail, describe what happens with the valves, ventricles and atria during diastole. 13- In detail, describe what happens with the valves, ventricles and atria during systole. 14- What makes your heart beat sound? 15- What does starling’s law state?