T H E H I S T O RY O F I S R A E L’ S B O R D E R S LEBANON Mediterranean Sea SYRIA Haifa Damascus Megiddo Sea of Galilee Beit She’an Jerusalem Dead Sea Beersheba EGYPT Sa a Tel Aviv Jerusalem Ju de INTERNATIONAL ZONE a Beersheba Dead Sea TRANSJORDAN EGYPT Proposed Arab State Proposed Jewish State LEBANON Sam WEST BANK Jerusalem GAZA Jud ea Dead Sea Beersheba JORDAN SINAI PENINSULA Eilat Tel Aviv ma ria Jerusalem Ju de a Dead Sea GAZA Beersheba TRANSJORDAN After successfully defending itself in the Six-Day War, Israel controlled territory that tripled its size. It traded most of that land in a peace treaty with Egypt. Tel Aviv Sam a r ia LEBANON SYRIA GAZA Jud Sea of Galilee Dead Sea JORDAN EGYPT (SINAI PENINSULA) Eilat Sea of Galilee Mediterranean Sea Jenin ea Beersheba GOLAN HEIGHTS Haifa WEST BANK Jerusalem The modern state of Israel established its initial armistice lines after surviving invasions by five Arab armies during its War of Independence in 1948. EGYPT GOLAN HEIGHTS Haifa Sea of Galilee PEACE TREATY WITH EGYPT –1979 Tel Aviv Sa SYRIA Mediterranean Sea GOLAN HEIGHTS a r ia Sea of Galilee WEST BANK LEBANON SYRIA Haifa The U.N. proposed dividing the British Mandate of Palestine into Jewish and Arab states. Israel accepted the plan. The Arabs rejected it and attacked Israel. Sa As part of the 1979 treaty with Egypt, Israel yielded the entire Sinai Peninsula in return for an historic peace treaty sponsored by the United States. Tel Aviv ma Nazareth ria WEST BANK Ramallah Jerusalem Bethlehem Gaza City GAZA Sderot Ju de Beersheba ISRAEL TODAY Acco The Kingdom of Israel, during the reigns of Kings David and Solomon, was composed of a vast territory with Jerusalem as its capital. ri ma ISRAEL’S ARMISTICE LINES–1949 Sea of Galilee Mediterranean Sea THE SIX-DAY WAR–1967 Mediterranean Sea SYRIA PH O E N I C I A THE U.N. PARTITION PLAN–1947 BIBLICAL ISRAEL–circa 1020–930 B.C.E. Mediterranean Sea LEBANON EGYPT a JORDAN Dead Sea Israel’s current frontiers reflect its historic 2005 disengagement from Gaza, the first time that Israel ceded territory outside the context of a peace agreement. Eilat This map is for illustrative purposes only and does not imply any view regarding future agreements between Israel and its neighbors.