Sociology Name_______________________________ Chapter 3

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Sociology
Chapter 3 Test Review
Name_______________________________
Important Information/Concepts
1. What is the difference between culture, nation, and society?
2. Be able to identify Robin Williams’ 10 values that are central to U.S. culture
3. Key values are sometimes in conflict with one another. Give an example.
4. What do the cultures of low-income-countries value?
5. What do the cultures of high-income-countries value?
6. What are the elements, or central mechanisms, of social control?
7. What is the difference between real culture and ideal culture?
8. How is the distinction made between high culture and pop culture?
9. What 3 general ways is cultural change set in motion?
10. What 3 things add to the creation of a global culture?
11. List the 3 cultural universals according to George Murdock
12. How does culture act as a constraint?
13. How is culture a source of human freedom?
14. List the 4 elements of culture.
15. Be able to apply the structural-functional, social-conflict, and sociobiology approaches to culture.
Terms/People
Culture
Nonmaterial culture
Material culture
Multicultural
Symbol
Artifacts
High Culture
Pop Culture
Subculture
Cultural transmission
Sapir-Whorf Thesis
Values
Folkways
Mores
Technology
Culture Shock
Cultural Universals
Counterculture
Multiculturalism
Cultural Integration
Ethnocentric
Cultural Lag
Eurocentric
Diffusion
William Graham Sumner
Cultural Relativism
Proscriptive Norms:
Prescriptive Norms:
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