Chartres Cathedral, France, 1194-1260

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(12th c)
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Middle Ages
(14-17th c.)
(18th c.)
(19th c.)
(ea. 20th c.)
(1920s-30s)
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Enlightenment
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Avant-Garde
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Renaissance
Industrial Revolution
(1950s-60s)
Modern Movement
(1960s-80s)
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Post-Colonial
(1990s)
2000-present
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Deconstructivism
Postmodern
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Computational
THE MIDDLE AGES
Chartres Cathedral, France, 1194-1260
St. Denis, France, Abbot Suger, begun 1144, Interior light
St. Denis, France, begun 1144, Rose Window
(Symbol of the sun (Christ) and the rose (Virgin Mary as “rose without
thorns”)
Chartres cathedral as the center of the cult of Mariolatry (worship of Virgin Mary)
in France, posesses the tunic of Virgin Mary which was a gift to the town from King
Charles. Hence the town was associated with the royal house.
THE RENAISSANCE
Leonardo da Vinci and Cesariano, ideal proportions
Leon Battista Alberti, 1404-1472
Studied at universities of Padua and Bologna, had mastery of Greek, Latin and law
Francesco di Giorgio, c. 1470
THE BIRTH OF MODERNIST DISCOURSES
Jacques Francois Blondel
Cours d’Architecture, 1771-77
Claude Perrault 1613-1688
System of proportions
Claude Perrault, East façade of the Louvre, 1667-70
THE QUARREL BETWEEN THE ANCIENTS AND THE MODERNS
Ancients
Tyranny of Medieval scholasticism
and Classical Antiquity
Moderns
Domination of Reason
and the idea of Progress
Authority
Reason
J.A. & W.A. Roebling, Brooklyn Bridge under construction
Hennebique, Monolithic reinforced concrete joint, 1892
Joseph Paxton, Crystal Palace, 1851
Chicago, aerial view, 1926
Burnham and Root, Monadnock Building, Chicago, IL, 1884-85, 1889-92
THE ENLIGHTENMENT
MODERNITY
MODERNISM
MODERNISATION
MODERNIST AND ANTI-MODERNIST DISCOURSES
DECONSTRUCTIVISM
ARTS AND CRAFTS MOVEMENT
CRITICAL REGIONALISM
REGIONALISM
POSTMODERNISM
AVANT GARDE (Futurism, Constructivism, De Stijl)
AVANT GARDE (Expressionism, Surrealism)
MODERN MOVEMENT
COMPUTATIONAL DESIGN
MODERNIST
Expressionism
Surrealism
Avant-Garde
19th c.
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Arts &Crafts
Early 20th c.
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Avant-Garde
Futurism
Constructivism
De Stijl
Modern
Movement
1920s
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Critical
Regionalism
1930s
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Regionalism
1980’s
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Postmodernism
ANTI-MODERNIST
Deconstructivism
1990’s
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Computational
Design
2000’s
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Antonio Sant’Elia, Citta Nuova, 1913
Vladimir Tatlin,
Monument to the Third International, 1919
Gerrit Rietveld, Schroeder House, Utrecht, 1923-24
Walter Gropius, bauhaus, dessau
Walter Gropius, bauhaus, dessau
Le Corbusier, Villa Savoye, Poissy, 1929-31
Le Corbusier, City for Three Million, 1922
Frank Lloyd Wright, Robie House, Illinois, 1908-9
Herzog and Meuron,
House at Tavola, 1988 (19)
Zaha Hadid, Ideal House, 2007
SANAA, Rolex learning center, 2006
Artificial landscapes – urban continuum
ANTI-MODERNIST DISCOURSES
AWN Pugin, Contrasts, 1836
John Ruskin, Seven Lamps of Architecture, 1849
Philip Webb and William Morris, Red House,, 1859
Bruno Taut
Glass Pavilion
Cologne, 1914
Exhibition of glass products and a
“house of art”
Hans Poelzig, Grosses Schuspielhaus, Berlin, 1919
for director Max Reinhardt (People’s Theater Movement)
Architecture of the Kleinsiedlung
Charles Moore, Piazza d’Italia, New Orleans,
1975-80
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