SIstem Informasi Manajemen

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1. Introduction:
my Profile
Riwayat Hidup
1. Nama
: Edi Satriyanto
Tmp Lahir : Sidoarjo
Alamat
: Jl.Merpati 40 AB Betro
Sedati Juanda 61253
No.Tlp
: 031-8683451
No.Hp
: 08123037230
Email
: [email protected]
Status
: Menikah
Jml Anak : Tiga
2. Staf Pengajar PENS: 1995-sekarang
3. Pendidikan:
S1 Statistika Bidang Komputasi
S2 Matematika Bidang Pemodelan Komputasi
4. Sertifikasi : Instruktur Cisco(CCNA1-4) ITB
Database Oracle 10g dari Oracle
5. Jabatan di PENS: Kabid.Kemitraan dan Bisnis
6. Team pendiri software house elista PENS: 1999-skrg
- Thn 1999 : Manager Proyek Sistem Rumah Sakit Terpadu(RSI)
- Thn 2001 : Team Sistem analis Eepis Informasi System
- Thn 2002 : Manager Proyek SIM Rmh akit Subandi Jember
- Thn 2003 : Manager Proyek SIM Bapedal Jatim
- Thn 2004-Skrg : Team pembina Software House Elista
- Thn 2005: Manager Proyek Pembangunan BLPT Bondowoso
7. Kegiatan Komunitas
- Koordinator Community College IT se Jawa Timur(2001-Skrg)
- Koordinator Pengembangan Sistem Pendidikan Jarak Jauh PENS
(2006-Skrang)
IT Barokah or Musibah
What is your Target ????
Knowledge Era

Attribute

Technology








Nomadic
Hunting
Tool
Energy Source Fire
Basis of
Hunting
Wealth
Ability of
Market
Person to
Place
Person
Organization
Tribe
Agrarian
Manual Farm
Equipment
Animals
Farm Land
Ship
Village,
Feudalism
Mercantile
Industry
Knowledge
Sailing
Machines Computer
Ship
Wind
Fossil
The Mind Fuel
Sailing
Land, Labor Information
Capital
Tribe
Town
Shopping Cyber
Square Store
Mall
Space
Trading Hierarchical Networks
House Cooperation
Evolution ?
1).Information Technology Domain
INFORMATION SYSTEM
Research and
Development
Processes
People and Culture
Electronic
Commerce
Management
Human Resources
ISDN, VSAT
Products and Services
Infrastructure
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
Rules and Policy
Organization
Standards and Procedures
Internet
Intranet
Digital Nervous
System
Extranet
Cost and
Investment
COMPUTER
Market and
Customers
Strategic
Business
Plan
Electronic
Data
Interchange
Decision Support
System
HARDWARE
Data Mining
Printer
Modem
Workgroup
Computing
Outsourcing
Operating System
PC Desktop
Notebook and Palmtop
Macro
Environment
SOFTWARE
Multimedia
Database
Applications
Programming Languages
The Balanced of Resources has
Changed
Materials
Machines
Money
Four Ms Plus
Men
Information
Why Information ?
Intelligence
+ wisdom
Knowledge
+ experience
Information
+ context
Data
+ procedure
Business Facts
INTELLIGENT MANAGER
Teknologi Informasi(TI)
dan Sistem Informasi(SI)
TI


- Bentuk teknologi untuk menangani informasi
yang di inginkan.
SI


- Integrasi komponen pemrosesan , penyimpanan
dan diseminasi informasi dalam suatu organisasi.
- STudi interdisiplin suatu sistem untuk
menyediakan informasi pada suatu organisasi.
Data dan Informasi

Data


Informasi


Aliran fakta dasar)
- Interpretasi data yang disajikan dengan cara
yang berarti.
Informatika

Studi tetantang informasi, sistem informasi dan
teknologi informasi.

SEKILAS TENTANG ENTERPRISE RESOURCE
PLANNING
ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) menyediakan
informasi tunggal untuk satu kesatuan koordinasi
organisasi dari proses kunci bisnis di suatu perusahaan.
Tersedianya data yang lengkap dan terintegrasi antara
unit fabrikasi, akuntansi, SDM, penjualan dan keuangan
memudahkan manajemen perusahaan untuk melakukan
perencanaan terhadap semua sumber daya dengan cepat
dan akurat.

Modul-modul yang terdapat pada SI Enterprise
Resource Planning antara lain :
 Modul Operasi
 General Logistics
 Sales and Distribution
 Materials Management
 Logistics Execution
 Quality Management
 Plant Maintenance
 Customer Service
 Production Planning and Control / Supply Chain
Management (SCM)
 Project System
 Environment Management

Modul-modul yang terdapat pada SI
Enterprise Resource Planning antara lain :


Modul Finansial dan Akutansi
 General Accounting
 Financial Accounting
 Controlling
 Invesment Management
 Treasury
 Enterprise Controlling
Modul Sumber Daya Manusia
 Personnel Management
 Personnel Time Management
 Payroll
 Training and Event Management
 Organizational Management
 Travel Management
Skema Integrasi sistem ERP

ARSITEKTUR SISTEM ERP :

Keunggulan SI Enterprise Resource Planning
antara lain :

Integrasi data keuangan sehingga top manajemen bisa melihat dan
mengontrok kinerja keuangan perusahaan dengan lebih baik.
Standarisasi proses operasi sehingga terjadi peningkatan produktivitas,
penurunan inefisiensi dan peningkatan kualitas produk.
Standarisasi data dan informasi, yaitu menstandartkan data dan informasi
melalui keseragaman pelaporan, terutama untuk perusahaan besar yang
biasanya terdiri dari banyak bussines unit dengan jumah dan jenis bisnis
yang berbeda-beda.
Penurunan Inventory
Penurunan tenaga kerja secara total
Peningkatan service level
Peningkatan kontrol keuangan
Penurunan waktu yang dibutuhkan untuk mendapatkan informasi.

Back Up data secara manual maupun otomatis

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Information Management
Corporations
Community
Business Entities
Institutions
Public Sectors
Non Profit Organization
INFORMATION SYSTEM
- DEMAND SITE -
INFORMATION MANAGEMENT
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
- SUPPLY SITE Software Houses
Universities
Computer Manufacturers
Silicon Valley
R&D Centers
The Three Domains: IS, IT and IM
What ?
IS Strategy
Division/function based
Demand oriented
Business focused
Applications
Wherefore ?
IM Strategy
Organisation based
Relationship oriented
Management focused
How ?
IT Strategy
Activity based
Supply oriented
Technology focused
Management
Delivery
Role of Information Technology
INTELLIGENT MANAGER
+ wisdom
Knowledge
EXECUTIVES
+ experience
Information
LINE MANAGER
+ context
Data
SUPERVISOR
+ procedure
Business Facts
STAFF
2. Help Empowering the People
1. Help Creating the Intelligence
Intelligence
Information Technology Anatomy
DATABASE
LANGUAGES
OBJECT MODULES
OPERATING SYSTEM AND PROTOCOLS
COMPUTER SYSTEMS AND PERVASIVE COMPUTING
COMMUNICATION AND NETWORK DEVICES
TRANSMISSION MEDIA INFRASTRUCTURE
SUPPORT AND SERVICES
SOFTWARE AND APPLICATIONS
LAN - WAN - MAN
DEVELOPMENT AND ANALYSIS TOOLS
INTRANET - INTERNET - EXTRANET
USER INTERFACE AND DISTRIBUTION CHANNELS
ITs that Build Information System
Payroll System
Inventory System
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES
• Hardware
• Software
• Databases
• Networks
• Other related components
INFORMATION
SYSTEMS
Marketing System
Customer Service
System
2).Sistem Penunjang Keputusan
(Decision Support System)
Pengaturan Data Sistem Informasi
Contoh ERD Sistem Informasi
Pernikahan

Conceptual Data Model
T EMAN
NOT EMAN
NAMA
A LAMAT
T ELP ON
E MA IL
Datang
B OW OHAN
UANG
T AMU
NODAT ANG
T ANGGAL
Memberi_Uang
Phisical Data Model cotoh ERD Sistem
Pernikahan
T EMAN
NOT EMAN CHA R(10)
NAMA
CHA R(30)
A LAMAT
CHA R(50)
T ELP ON
CHA R(15)
E MA IL
CHA R(40)
NOTEMAN = NOTEMAN
B OW OHAN
NODAT ANG NUMERIC(5)
UANG
NUMERIC(10)
T AMU
NODAT ANG NUMERIC(5)
NOT EMAN
CHA R(10)
T ANGGAL
DAT E
NODATANG = NOD ATANG
Contoh hasil generate script Table
hasil ERD
3).Pentingnya Perancangan dan
Pengembangan Sistem Informasi
Ingat :Cerita Orang Kaya
Microsoft
Bill Gate
Google CEO
Eric Schmidt
Facebook CEO
Mark Zuckerberg
Prospek Bisnis IT Saat ini di Indonesia
Memulai Bisnis IT

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Mulai dari Hobby
Lihat sumber daya yang dimiliki
Inkubator, small office dll.
Tentukan Goal setting
Urus ijin legalitasnya
Jualan, produksi,implementasi dan sosialisasi
Mulai dari Hobby: Sejak kecil mprogram
Hobby nguprex hardware
Hobby mengambar dan seni
Atau hobbynya jualan
Resource


SDM: ( Engineer:Ahli Jarkom,Sistem analisis, programmer,
teknisi, marketer, manajer etc)
Modal Usaha:

Small office software House: 3-5 engineer




Medium office software House: 10-15, 15-20 engineer




Investasi :10-15 PC= Rp.30 jt s/d 45 jt
Biaya operasional: rp. 20 jt-30 jt perbulan (bagi hasil)
Target: project :borongan, tanpa tender, tender terbatas,siap di broker
High office software House: >20 engineer




Investasi :3-5 PC= Rp.9 jt s/d 15 jt
Biaya operasional: rp. 6 jt-10 jt perbulan (bagi hasil)
Target: project :borongan, tanpa tender, siap di broker
Investasi banyak investor
Biaya operasional: diatas 1 M
Target: project :Tender tak terbatas, memiliki R&D cukup tinggi
Berapa banyak relasi:Pemerintah, vendor IT, Swasta dll.
Why do so many projects fail?

Reasons in many cases


Very few managers know project management.
Very few engineers know software engineering.
Over the budget.
cut engineers
So many claims.
What happens?
When will
the project finish?
Feature is behind
the competitor
Chaos
Tentukan Goal Setting
Project Management Strategy

5 Steps to improve project management
Value Added
High Reliability/Performance,
User-Friendly Interface
Productivity
Development Environment,
Reusability
Quality
Test Theory, Design Review,
Problem solving method
Management
Documentation, Mile-stone control,
Software Metrics
Chaos
Difficult to forecast the schedule
and the quality
Order of Actions is important
 Without management platform,
you cannot evaluate the quality.
 You can’t ship the system under quality.
 If you pursue the productivity before quality,
then the project goes worse.
Project Organization
Order
Sales
Division
Requirement
System
Customer
Engineering
Division
Proposal
Delivery
Trouble
Inspection
Division
Development Division
Project
Group
Team
Development Stage
Step by Step Development
No
1 SD
Definition
Stage
System Design
System requirement, system
Output
System Spec.
architecture
2 FD
Function Design
Module structure, feature, data
Design Doc.
3 DD
Detailed Design
flow
Module
internal design
API Doc.
4 PG
Programming
coding and unit test
Source File
5 CT
Connection Test
Test under all systems are
Test Scenaio
connected
6 ST
7 IT
System Test
Inspection Test
Multiple service test, illegal/error
Test Scenaio
test, etc.
Manual
Test by the independent quality
Test Scenario
asuurance devision
8 AT
Acceptance Test
Test by the customer, including
Test Scenaio
customer training
9 SV
Service
Name of stage, output may differ according to the system/organization.
Design Stage

Design Activities
 To read upper documents and list up study issues
 To investigate the study issues
 To write down Specification/Design Documents
 To review the documents

Viewpoints of Project Management
 Design Sheet

Summary paper on investigation of a study issue

The background or reason of technical judgment is to be kept、
because the specification often tells us nothing about it
 Design Review

Review is the cheapest way to detect a bug, and
the best way to understand the system
 Interim Inspection

Check of the design output by the inspection division

We cannot proceed to the next stage without passing it
Gant Chart
Gant Chart is useful to see
the progress of many parallel activities

Task



Main activity of each stage
Task is followed by its progress and quality metrics
Work
Gant Chart

Total
Group1

SD
HD
SD
HD
DD
Mile Stone
Group2
Tool
Subsidiary
stage
05/4
5 activity
6 of each
7
8
9
10
11
SD is measured
HD
DD notPG
Work
by progress, but only by its
CT
ST
IT AT
completion

DD
PG
CT
PG
CT
Major check point in the project
HD
DD
PG
CT
ST
IT
AT
ST
IT
AT
12
SV
Test Stage

Test Activities





To list up Test Items, and review them
To execute a Test Item
To submit a Problem Form, if there is a problem
To remove a bug from a program
How
to select
Test White
Items?
Random
Test
Box Test
Black Box Test
a=b
false
E=f
c=d true
For i+0:10
x=y[i]
end
Select test items
hitting your head
Select test items
from source codes
Select test items
from specifications
System Test
Unit Test
Connection Test
How many test items?
Sort

Example


true
Sort of List table
Input: integer array
#1
#2
 Question
4

3
2
1
Flag=false
1
How 2many
3
4
#3
1
3
test
2
1
3
4
2
#4
3
items?
#5
No List
While Flag=false
false
Flag=true
For
i=0, arraysize-1Loop end
<=
List[i]>List[i+1]
>
work=List[i]
Test Criteria
List[i]=List[i+1]
1:
2:
3:
4:
List[i+1]=work
Cover all codes
Cover all flow lines
Check boundary conditions
Illegal conditions
Flag=false
End
Quality Graph
Test Progress and Quality are shown
on the Quality Graph

Completion Criteria
Quality

When Graph
all the test
cases completed, the curve of
Delete & Add
of Test
detected bugs is saturated
and
no Cases
unresolved problems
is left.
Bugs
Items
Plan Result
Detected Bugs
Plan
Result
Rest of test items
Unsolved problems
Time
How to solve the problems

Viewpoints of Project Management
To check
the properness
of selected Test Cases
When
a problem
happens?


Even if a project is small, all problems are to be
A
once
happened
surely
happens
Human
beings
are
those
who
makes
a mistakes.
One
error
indicates
other
similar
errors
in again.
it.
BeProblem
careful
about
an
unintentional
miss-operation.
recorded
Be
careful
about
an other
unintentional
miss-operation.
A
Problem
once happened
surely errors
happens
again.
One
error indicates
similar
in it.
One
error indicates
similar errors
in it.
Be careful
about an other
unintentional
miss-operation.
One error indicates other similar errors in it.
Project Management = Statistics + Psychology
Major Forms for Project Management
No
1
Form
Project Summary Sheet
Contents
Project basic information, Gant chart,
Quality Graph
2
Sub Project Sheet
Same as Project Summary Sheet
3
Weekly Report
Weekly report by each group on
progress data, delay reason, planned
actions, etc.
4
Design Study List
Summary List of Design Study Form
5
Design Sutdy Form
One page study summary on study
requirement and study result
6
Test Item List
Test item list with execution result
7
Problem List
Summary List of Problem Form
8
Problem Form
One page study summary on problem,
cause and reapir
Suggestions for High Quality

Tabular/Graphical Documentation is the
better way
to define the specification with the less errors
Event
State
Idle
Dialing
Ringing
speech

Of-hook On-hook
Originate
Answer
-
Clear
Clear
Clear
clear
Dial
Connect
-
To write down a document often makes us
find a problem and straighten our
understanding
Software Training in Japan



Formation

3 different topics for three teams

Each team is consist of several engineers
Process

Design, Programming and test
are done by a different team.

One month per one stage
Purpose

The importance of
accurate document and
readability of source code

Milestone keeping

Pattern or tendency of
errors
Team A
Requirement
Design
Design Doc.
Team B
Programming
File
Team C
Test
Bug Report
Experience is the best way to learn Project Management
Hasil Produk yang pernah kita develop
bersama
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Berikut ini hasil produk software house elista salah satu
inkubator di PENS
Program dosenjaga, jejaring sosial berbasis edukasi.
Sistem informasi Politeknik Terpadu
Sistem Informasi Rumah sakit Terpadu
Sistem Keuangan Bapertarum Jakarta
Sistem Informasi PTPN XI
Sistem administrasi Bapedal Jawa Timur
Sistem Secure Parking Terintegrasi
Try-out online
Sistem integrasi Transaksi POM Bensin
etc
Sistem Keuangan Bapertarum Jakarta
Transaksi Pom Bensi Terpadu
Sistem Secure Parking Terpadu
Sistem Informasi Terpadu
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