AP Government and Politics Ch.11- Groups and Interests Key Terms Pluralism Interest Group Public Interest Groups Membership association Staff organization Collective goods Free riders Informational benefits Solidary benefits Purposive benefits New Politics movement Lobbying Iron triangle Issue network Institutional advertising Grassroots mobilization Political action committee (PAC) Guided Reading Questions What are the major types of interest groups? Whom do they represent? Ex. What types of groups do you think are likely to be part of the “biofuels” coalition” that lobbies for ethanol? What are reasons the number of interest groups has grown in recent decades? What are possible explanations for this increase? Could college students be organized as an interest group? What would such a group advocate? Why might be some impediments to the creation of a National Organization of College Students? How do interest groups try to influence government? Give examples. Should lobbying groups be required to disclose their actual identities? How do interest groups differ from political parties? In your opinion, should we prefer a political process dominated by parties or one in which interest groups are more important? How has the US Government sought to regulate interest group activity in order to balance the competing values of liberty and equality?