Name: US History Mr. Lien Hour: Unit 9: The Progressive Era Notes Section 2: The Women’s Movement • What opportunities did women have for education and work outside the home during the 1800s? • How did women gain political experience through participation in reform movements? • How did the women’s suffrage movement campaign for the vote? Opportunities for Women 1. In 1833, _______________________________________ in Ohio began to admit female students. 2. By 1900, ______________________ of all students in college were women. 3. Denied opportunities: the _____________________________________________________________ did not admit women until 1915. Employment Opportunities 4. What two professions did middle class women find work in? 5. In the late 1800s, many businesses began to hire women as: 6. What emerging market did women artists and journalists begin to cater to in the 1800s? Political Experience – Children’s Health and Welfare 7. List the three goals progressive reformers fought for: 8. What did reformer Lillian Wald campaign to create to help promote the well-being of children? (1912) Political Experiences – Prohibition 9. What is Prohibition? 10. What did reformers believe about alcohol? 11. The 18th Amendment was passed in 1919 to outlaw: Women & Civil Rights The National Association of Colored Women (N.A.C.W.) included prominent African American women like Ida B. Wells, Margaret Murray Washington and Harriet Tubman… 12. While the N.A.C.W. fought for the same causes as white women (Prohibition, Suffrage, etc.), what additional reforms and changes did African American also have to fight for? The Women’s Suffrage Movement 13. Explain briefly why many women were upset by the 15th Amendment that gave African American men the right to vote. Provide two reasons. 14. List the two women most responsible for creating the National Women Suffrage Association (NWSA). 15. The NWSA campaigned for a constitutional amendment for ____________________________ and other issues like labor rights. 16. During this time period, the Supreme Court made rulings that also hurt the Women’s Movement, much in the same way it hurt the Civil Rights Movement. While an 1875 cases stated that women were citizens, citizenship DID NOT ____________________________________________________ . 17. What were the claims opponents made regarding preventing women from voting: 18. Why did many businesses fear women getting the right to vote? The Women’s Suffrage Movement continued… 19. Who was one of the toughest opponents of the Women’s Suffrage Movement? 20. The 19th Amendment to the Constitution was passed by Congress in 1918 and ratified in 1920, what did it grant?