Ending of the War Following the U.S. involvement, the war ended in 1918 with an Allied Victory. The War ended essentially the way it began. Russia leaves the war in 1917 because of their Civil War. Germany is blamed for the war, and is forced to disarm their army and pay for the war. President Wilson will not get his war preventatives passed, and will leave the world receptive to dictators. Quick Review of Reform Terms Reform: To improve something, or make it better. Progressivism: A political attitude favoring Reform or change. Suffrage: the right or privilege to Vote. African Americans and WWI Video Be sure and jot down Five Facts you observe to use as evidence for your ideas during the discussion or writing prompt. African Americans After the War African Americans served with distinction during the war. Generally, they also experienced more acceptance in the European eyes as there was much less segregation. In addition, by fighting as Americans to rid the world of tyranny, they felt they would be welcomed back to America with much more acceptance than when they left. Unfortunately, when they returned, this was not the case as groups like the KKK felt even more threatened by returning African Americans who were now demanding more equality. African Americans After the War During the war, many traditional “European immigrants” who worked at the factories were drafted for the war effort. But the demand for war material increased. Industries needed another work force and suppressed segregationist policies to appeal to the southern African Americans population who sought a better life than what the South had offered them. After the war, over 500,000 black southerners had moved north to a better future. Once the war ended, groups like the KKK began again to intimidate the African American population which was now more demanding of their rights after seeing the possibilities of a better life; both from their experiences serving overseas and in the factories for the war effort on the home front. Women After the War Women also served abroad during the war mostly as nurses. At home they worked in the factories supplying the war effort and on the home front “held things together” while their husbands were fighting the war. In much the same way African Americans were influenced to demand more equality after the war, women did as well. Women, Suffrage and Prohibition Women were seen as the “moral center” of the family and essentially made the case that much of society’s ills were due to the man’s lust for war and drink. The push for women’s suffrage claimed to offer a remedy to this – “mothers simply won’t vote to send their husbands and sons to war,” thus by giving them suffrage, wars would end. Women’s temperance movements grew, calling for both the right to vote and prohibition. Women’s Suffrage and Prohibition Movements are thus, tied closely together Prohibition During the early part of the 20th Century, it was thought that drinking led to domestic abuse, child abuse and job losses; in addition to gambling and crime. In 1920 the U.S. passed the 18th Amendment, stopping the selling and distribution of Alcohol. However, the 21st Amendment repealed Prohibition in 1933. Prohibition Video Be sure and jot down Five Facts you observe to use as evidence for your ideas during the discussion or writing prompt. 19th Amendment and Women's Suffrage Video Nationally, women got the right to vote in 1920 with the passing of the 19th Amendment. Link to Lyrics Be sure and jot down Five Facts you observe to use as evidence for your ideas during the discussion or writing prompt. The 1920s and bubble gum Ever watch another kid blow up a bubble gum bubble? You are amazed at how big the bubble can get. Do you cheer them on? You can stop at any time but what do you do? 1929 Bust In 1929, Stock Markets and Banks Crashed, meaning people lost nearly everything. Unemployment swept the nation as many Texans started leaving to find work. Unemployment for Minorities was twice that of the entire population. Bubbles “Bust” – The Crash of 1929 Video Be sure and jot down Five Facts you observe to use as evidence for your ideas during the discussion or writing prompt.