An Australian Perspective on Health and Human Development

advertisement

A Global Perspective on Health and Human Development VCE Units 3 & 4

Chapter quiz – Chapter 10: Genetic influences on health and development

Chapter quiz

Chapter 10: Genetic influences on health and development

Name: _________________________

True or false

1

The sex of an individual depends on the X or Y chromosome being present in the ovum.

[T / F]

2

Coronary heart disease is an example of an inherited disease that is passed from one generation to the next via chromosomes. [T / F]

3

Hormones play an important role in regulating the rate and timing of development.

[T / F]

4

Culture is a genetic influence on health and development. [T / F]

5

The set of genetic traits that are observable in a person are known as their phenotype.

[T / F]

_____ / 5 marks

Short answers

1

What are genes? Name two things genes are responsible for.

(3 marks)

2

Name three hormones and explain how each influences development.

(6 marks)

Cambridge University Press 1 © Goodacre, Slattery, Upton 2007

A Global Perspective on Health and Human Development VCE Units 3 & 4

Chapter quiz – Chapter 10: Genetic influences on health and development

3

Explain using an example how sex can influence health and development.

(3 marks)

4

Explain what is meant by genetic predisposition and outline how it can influence health and development.

(3 marks)

_____ / 15 marks

Total: _____ / 20 marks

Cambridge University Press 2 © Goodacre, Slattery, Upton 2007

A Global Perspective on Health and Human Development VCE Units 3 & 4

Chapter quiz – Chapter 10: Genetic influences on health and development

Answers

True or false

1

2

False

– It depends on the chromosome present in sperm.

False

– Coronary heart disease is not inherited, it is an example of a disease you can

3

4

5

be predisposed to.

True

False

– Culture is an environmental influence.

True

Short answer

1

Genes are the basic units of inheritance. They determine such things as gender and

2

influence body size, shape and type, and the rate and pattern of growth.

Students may identify any three hormones and their functions.

3

Sex can influence health and development. For example:

Males:

Do not live as long as females.

Suffer more injuries.

Have greater muscle mass.

Females:

Are able to have babies.

Are at greater risk of mental illness and breast cancer.

Experience puberty at an earlier age.

Students should explain the influence on health and development of each example identified.

4

Genetic predisposition means a person (due to a family history) is at ‘risk’ of a certain disease such as coronary heart disease or diabetes but does not have the disease.

Students should discuss how genetic predisposition could impact on health and development.

Cambridge University Press 3 © Goodacre, Slattery, Upton 2007

Download