# KM 473 PROCESS CONTROL (io-01)

```GAZI UNIVERSITY
FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND ARCHITECTURE
2011-12 FALL SEMESTER
KM 473 PROCESS CONTROL (İO-01)
PROBLEM SET 2
1) The following transfer function is not written in a standard form
G(s) 
3  ( s  2)
 exp( 5s)
s  3  (3s  2) _
(a) Put it in standard gain/time constant form
(b) Determine the gain, poles and zeros
(c) If the time delay term is replaced by a 1/1 Pade approximation repeat part
b)
2) A process has the transfer function of Eq. 6-14 with K=4,
 1  12 ,  2  3 .
If
a
has the following values:
Case i :  a =15
 a =3
ii(b):  a =2
iii:  a =-4
Case ii(a):
Case
Case
Calculate the responses for a step input of magnitude 0.8 and plot them in a single
figure. What conclusions can you make concerning the effect the zero location? Is the
location of the pole corresponding to  2 important so long as  1 &gt;  2 ?
3) A pressure measuring device has been analyzed and can be described by a model
with the structure shown below
5
2
6s  4s  1
P’(s)
4
25s  2
R’(s)
Pm’(s)
Q’(s)
In other words, the device responds to pressure changes as it were a first order
process in parallel with a second order process. Preliminary tests have shown that the
gain of the first order process is -4% psi and the time constant equals 25 min.
a)Plot Pm as a function of time resulting from a step change in P from 5 to 9 psi
b)What is the overall transfer function for the measurement device P’m(s)/P’(s)?
c)Find the value of the overall transfer function
1) The following transfer function is not written in a standard form
G( s) 
2  ( s  4)
 exp( 7 s)
s  2  (2s  1)
(a) Put it in standard gain/time constant form……….15pts
(b) Determine the gain, poles and zeros……………10pts
(c) Convert the transfer function into first order plus time delay model
by Skogestad’s half rule method and Taylor series……15pts
(d) Compare the actual output with Taylor series, skogestad’s rule
approximations for a unit step input……….10 pts
4) A second order critically damped process has the transfer function
Y (s)
K

U ( s )  .s  12
i.
For a step change in input of magnitude M, what is the time
(ts) required for such a process to settle to within 5% of
the total change in the output? Time constant is 2 seconds.
10 pts
ii.
For K=1 and a ramp change in input, u(t)=at, by what time
period does y(t)lag behind u(t) once the output is changing
linearly with time?
10pts
5) A mixing process consists of a single stirred tank instrumented as shown
in Figure below. The concentration of a single species A in the feed
stream varies. The controller attempts to compensate for this by varying
the flow rate of pure A through the control valve. The transmitter
dynamics are negligible.
(a) Draw a block diagram for the controlled process …….15 pts
(b) Derive a transfer function for each block in your block diagram.
……15pts
Process:
(I)
The volume is constant (5m3)
(II) The feed flow rate is constant (qF=7m3/min)
(III) The flow rate of the A stream varies but is small compared to qF
(qA=0.5m3/min).
(IV) CF=50kg/m3 and CA=800kg/m3
(V)
All densities are constant and equal
Transfer line
I)
The transfer line is 20m long and has 0.5 m inside diameter.
II)
Pump volume can be neglected.
Composition Transmitter Gain, Km= 0.08 mA.m3/kg (Transmitter
dynamics are negligible)
Controller : PI controller
I/P transducer Gain , KIP = 0.75 psi/mA
Control valve: An equal percentage valve is used, which has the following
relation:
q A  0.17  0.03  (20)
Pv3
12
, for a step change in the input pressure, the
valve requires approximately 1 min to move to its new position.
```