Operations and Environmental Topic Paper Outline Headline Write a headline, to serve as a subheading for the paper, that summarizes the benefits of the technology and/or operational practices. Example: Remote exploration helps pinpoint hydrocarbon resources, pollution sources, and sensitive environments Abstract Write an abstract of the paper so that the study managers and others can quickly gather the main points. Highlight the findings that are discussed in Barriers and Opportunities section. Description of the Technology Give a sentence or two describing the technology or suite of technologies and/or practices and its place in the development lifecycle. Note if the technology applies across multiple lifecycle phases (e.g., data management can be used across the whole development lifecycle). History of Development Tell the story of the technology starting with its initial development through its current form and use. This story should include the timeframe in which the technology was invented or first used, who pioneered the development and where, what drivers (e.g., legislative/regulatory, geologic, operational, cost, or public perception) led to the development of and changes in the technology, and how the industry has benefited from its use. This section should emphasize the continuous improvement of technologies throughout time. Variations based on resource type and location Describe how can the technology is applied in the various resource types (onshore, offshore, tight gas, oil shale). Discuss any variations of the technology that are specific to each or several resource types. Give a rough timeline of applications in the different resources and describe how the technology needed to be adapted for each. What conditions are specific to each resource type that requires a change in the technology, and how is the technology adapted to suit the change in conditions? Environmental Benefits What are the environmental benefits offered by the technology? Categorize the impacts in terms of air emissions, water management, surface disturbance, biological impacts, noise impacts, visual impacts, and community impacts. Quantify past improvements in environmental performance to the extent possible. Construct a table or use bullets to list these environmental benefits so we can summarize them in the report across technologies. Identify issues on which there are disagreements or divergent views concerning the environmental impacts. (Differences on other matters should be discussed in the appropriate sections, e.g., Economic Impacts or Innovation and Future Use.) Economic Impacts (positive and negative) Discuss the economic benefits of the technology. For example, does the technology speed the process of resource extraction, does it decrease the cost of resource development, or allow for economies of scale? What negative economic impacts are associated with the technology, e.g., is it more expensive than alternatives? Construct a table or use bullets to list these economic benefits and costs so we can summarize them in the report across technologies. Success in the Field (optional but helpful) Present a case study to illustrate the use and benefits of the technology in a particular location, environment, or project. Discuss the issues or difficulties that were encountered and how the technology was used to improve the situation. Innovation and Future Use Describe current research and efforts to make advancements in the technology. Discuss how the technology will continue to improve to meet new needs and challenges, as well as change to achieve increasing levels of environmental regulation and stewardship. Discuss expected or potential improvements, including potential breakthrough advances, in resource recovery, cost reduction, and environmental performance due to future development and innovation. Barriers and Opportunities Identify and provide explanation of any barriers to implement the technologies and practices, including regulatory, economic, and technological. Identify potential opportunities to incentivize use of the technologies and practices, including regulatory, economic (tax related), market changes, and technology development. This section should summarize the “findings” of the paper that can be used to derive recommendations from the Task Group. Long Term Vision Describe conceptually how the technology might advance, through evolutionary or revolutionary improvements, to help achieve a long-term vision of ultra-low impact oil and gas resource recovery. This section will serve as input to brainstorming on the 2050 vision requested by the Secretary.