Prentice Hall: United States History Chapter 16: Issues of the Gilded Age Section 1 – Segregation and Social Tensions (pgs 520-527) Standards: 1 (d) TERMS & PEOPLE Focus Question: How were the civil and political rights of certain groups in - Jim Crow Laws - Ida B. Wells America undermined during the years after Reconstruction? - poll tax - Booker T. Checkpoint Questions - literacy test Washington 1. In what ways were the rights of African Americans restricted? - grandfather - W. E. B. Du Bois 2. How did Wells, Washington, and Du Bois protest the clause - Las Gorras mistreatment of African Americans? Blancas 3. How did the Chinese immigrants use the court system to protest discrimination? 4. What success did women achieve in the years after Reconstruction? Critical Thinking Questions 1. Draw Conclusions: How did the Plessy v. Ferguson decision support the existence of Jim Crow laws? 2. Analyze Information: Do you think women activists during the late 1800s had any effect on the political or social life of the country? Explain. Section 2 – Political and Economic Challenges (pgs 529-532) Standards: 1 (a) TERMS & PEOPLE - spoils system - civil service - Pendleton Civil Service Act - gold standard Focus Question: Why did the political structure change the Gilded Age? Checkpoint Questions 1. Why did the federal government fail to make significant political gains between 1877 and 1897? 2. How did the spoils system lead to government corruption and, eventually, government reform? 3. Why did the Republicans and Democrats differ in their view of the tariff issue? Critical Thinking Questions 1. Make Generalizations: How would you characterize the American political landscape during the Gilded Age? Section 3 – Farmers and Populism (pgs 533-539) Standards: 6 (a) TERMS & PEOPLE - Oliver H. Kelley - Grange - Populist Party - William Jennings Bryan - William McKinley Focus Question: What led to the rise of the Populist movement, and what effect did it have? Checkpoint Questions 1. What were the farmers’ major grievances, or complaints? 2. What reforms did the farmers’ organizations introduce? 3. What were the goals of the Populist Party? 4. How did the nomination of William Jennings Bryan affect the Populist Party 5. What happened to the Populist Party? Critical Thinking Questions 1. Determine Relevance: How did the deflation, or decrease, in the money supply in the late 1800s affect farmers? 2. Make Comparisons: In what ways did McKinley represent the old way of politics? In what ways did Bryan represent the new way?