Oedipus Rex Vocabulary 1. anagnorisis: (n) a point in the plot especially in a tragedy where the protagonist makes a discovery about themselves or their situation. “Eureka moment!” (6th period last year ). 2. catharsis: (n) purification of the emotions through art that brings about spiritual renewal; achieved while watching tragedy. “We like seeing other people fall…” Also known as “schadenfreude” or delight in other people’s misfortune. 3. chorus: (n) a group of characters who act as a collective; in Oedipus Rex, they speak for the city of Thebes. 4. compunction: (n) remorse; feeling of anxiety of conscience for doing wrong. 5. culpable: (adj.) responsible for wrong; blameworthy. 6. defilement: (n) the event of making something foul, dirty, or unclean. 7. hamartia: (n) tragic flaw; from the Greek word hamartanein or “to miss the mark”. 8. hubris: (n) excessive pride; arrogance. 9. oracle: (n) a holy place where gods told the future. 10. peripeteia: (n) a sudden or unexpected reversal of circumstances or situation; reversal of fortune; example: a fall from grace. 11. regicide: (n) one who kills a king. 12. suppliant: (n) a person who makes a humble request or plea. 13. tragedy: (n) dramatic genre, more serious than a comedy, 14. irony: (n) contrast between expectation and reality. Situational irony: the opposite of what is expected. Dramatic irony: when the audience knows something that the characters don’t. Verbal irony: sarcasm; when a character says one thing but means the opposite.