Test Two

Please remember that you will be tested on that sheet entitled “Rules for Counting Morphemes”
Also, please remember that Table 9.1 on p. 255 is on Test 2
1. Define the terms event-based knowledge and taxonomic knowledge. How are
they different?
2. What are some strategies that toddlers use to learn language?
3. You have a friend, Cora, who wants to stimulate her 2-year old daughter Britney’s
language skills. She asks you for ideas. How would you explain the terms expansion
and extension to her?
4. Cora wants more advice! What would you tell her about Hulit, Howard, and Fahey
2015’s summary of new research on child-directed speech?
5. What does the research say about the impact of TV on a child’s developing language?
6. Cora is debating about whether or not to introduce Britney to electronic books. What
will you tell her about current research findings re: e-books and young children?
7. Cora is a little worried because she thinks Britney’s language and motor skills are
not developing as fast as those of some of her friends at preschool. She asks you for
some “typical milestones” that she can go by. What will you tell her? What does the
new research say about late talkers?
8. List and give examples of reflexive relations used by toddlers.
9. Define the term phonological processes. What are some common ones used by
10. As a speech-language pathologist working with young language-impaired children,
you need to think of some communicative temptations to encourage them to
verbalize. What are communicative temptations? List a few specific ideas for ones
that you can use as a clinician.
11. Define the terms neighborhood density and phonotactic probability.
12. Your friend Cora is back, wanting to know about play skills. She has read some terms
in a book, and isn’t sure what they mean. What will you tell her about the terms
solitary play, parallel play, symbolic play, and cooperative play?
13. Cora is concerned because 2-year old Britney seems shy and does not have many
friends at preschool. What skill steps can you share with her that will help Britney
relate better to the other kids?
14. Describe narrative development in young children.
15. Define the terms print awareness and phonological awareness. What can we do to
build children’s skills in these areas?
16. What are the grammatical morphemes, and at what age are they mastered?
17. Define the terms determiners, pronouns, comparatives, superlatives, state verbs, and
process verbs.
18. What is the difference between complex and compound sentences?
19. After being the field of speech-language pathology for a few years, you are asked to
be a clinical supervisor for student interns. They need to gather language samples
from children. What “tips” will you give these interns for successfully gathering a
language sample?