Economic Systems: Mixed Economy A mixed economy is an economic system that incorporates aspects of more than one economic system. This usually means an economy that contains both private-owned and state-owned enterprises or that combines elements of capitalism and socialism, or a mix of market economy and planned economy characteristics. The elements of a mixed economy typically include a variety of freedoms: to possess means of production (farms, factories, stores, etc.) to travel (needed to transport all the items in commerce, to make deals in person, for workers and owners to go to where needed) to buy (items for personal use, for resale; buy whole enterprises to make the organization that creates wealth a form of wealth itself) to sell (same as buy) to hire (to create organizations that create wealth) to fire (to maintain organizations that create wealth) to organize (private enterprise for profit, labor unions, workers' and professional associations, non-profit groups, religions, etc.) to communicate (free speech, newspapers, books, advertisements, make deals, create business partners, create markets) to protest peacefully (marches, petitions, sue the government, make laws friendly to profit making and workers alike, remove pointless inefficiencies to maximize wealth creation) with tax-funded, subsidized, or state-owned factors of production, infrastructure, and services: libraries and other information services roads and other transportation services schools and other education services hospitals and other health services banks and other financial services electricity and other energy services (eg oil, gas) water systems for drinking, agriculture, and waste disposal subsidies to agriculture and other businesses and providing some autonomy over personal finances but including involuntary spending and investments such as transfer payments and other cash benefits such as: welfare for the poor social security for the aged and infirm government subsidies to business mandatory insurance (example: automobile} and restricted by various laws, regulations: environmental regulation (example: toxins in land, water, air) labor regulation including minimum wage laws consumer regulation (example: product safety) antitrust laws intellectual property laws incorporation laws protectionism import and export controls, such as tarrifs and quotas and taxes and fees written or enforced with manipulation of the economy in mind. Social Market Economy The social market economy seeks a middle path between socialism and capitalism (i.e. a mixed economy) and aims at maintaining a balance between a high rate of economic growth, low inflation, low levels of unemployment, good working conditions, social welfare, and public services, by using state intervention.