Chapter 13 Sections

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Name_______________________

Per ______Date_______________

Miners and Railroaders

Chapter 13 Section 1 Page 452

1. In what direction did miners spread out from?_________________________

2. What is a lode?

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How was the Comstock Lode different from other gold mines?

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3. Overall, about how many decades did these American gold/silver rushes last?

________

3.

How did the gold and silver strikes increase diversity in the West?

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4.

What type of people worked in mining towns other than miners?

__

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5.

How did women fit into the economy of the West?

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6.

List one bad aspect of the mining boom of the West.

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8.

What is a subsidy? ____________________________________________

7.

What is a vigilante? __________________________________________________________________

9.

Why were subsidies given to the railroad companies?

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10.

What ethic group was completely ignored during the boom of the West?

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11.

Why was it hard to attract labor to the transcontinental railroad?

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12.

What natural obstacles lay in the way of the transcontinental railroad?

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13.

What ethnic groups worked on the railroads?

__________________________________________________________________

1.

Cattle Kingdoms

Chapter 13 Section 3 Pages 464-468

Who set up the first cattle ranches in the Southwest?

Name_______________________

Per ______Date_______________

__________________________________________________________________

2.

Why was there an increased demand for meat?

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3.

Why did cattle drives move north from Texas to other states?

______________________________

4.

What problems would a cowhand have to deal with?

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5.

How did the cattle industry contribute to diversity in the West and Midwest?

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6. List four things American cowhands gained from vaqueros?

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7.

How did cowtowns change over time?

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8.

What part of the United States was the cattle kingdom in?

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9.

How did the ever increasing investment in cattle eventually hurt the cattle business?

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10.

The cattle kingdom lasted less than 20 years. What are two things that happened that put it to a quick end?

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Name_______________________

Per ______Date_______________

1.

Farming in the West

Chapter 13 Section 4 Pages 469 to 473

What did the Homestead Act promise to the American people?

__________________________________________________________________

2.

How did railroads and railroad subsidies help promote farming?

3.

What was sod?

4.

What invention enabled farmers to cut through the tough soil of the mid west?

____________________________________________

5.

What did farmers on the plains use to build homes?________________

6.

What invention enabled farmers to keep cattle from ruining their crops?

7.

Who were the Exodusters?

__________________________________________________________________

8.

What challenges do you think the ricos had in keeping their land after the Mexican-

American War? __________________________________________________________________

9.

What happened to the Indian lands in Oklahoma?

__________________________________________________________________

10.

What happened to grain prices as more and more people started to farm the plains?

11.

How did the Grange movement help small farmers?

12. What social reforms did the Populist Party want?

13. How would inflation help farmers and other poor people in debt?

14. Why would income taxes be better for a farmer instead of property taxes?

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