Respiratory System – Vocabulary

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Respiratory System – Vocabulary
Alveolar type I cell
Alveolar type II cell
Arytenoids
Cartilage in the larynx where the vocal cords attach.
Asthma
Boyle’s law
Bronchiole tree
Choanae
Primary, secondary, tertiary and terminal bronchi. All lined with
ciliated Pseudostratified columnar epithelium.
The plural of choana-the passageway from the back of one side of
the nose to the nasopharynx
Cricoid
Emphysema
Exhalation
Alveoli coalesce – reduce surface area, loses elasticity
Volume of thoracic cavity decreases and air flows out of lungs. The
pressure of the lungs is greater than the ATM pressure.
External respiration
Extrinsic muscles of larynx
Glottis
Inhalation
Internal respiration
Intrinsic muscles of larynx
Lingual tonsils
Change shape, position and tension of vocal cords.
Palatine tonsils
Paranasal sinuses
Pharyngeal tonsils
Pleurisy
Pneumonia
Pulmonary surfactant
RDS
Visceral pleura
Vocal ligaments
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Respiratory Distress Syndrome – decreased lung compliance due to
surfactant deficient in newborn infants
Make up the vocal folds, and are covered with mucous membrane.
Part of the production of sound, due to vibration of vocal folds
when air is forced through the glottis.
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