Respiratory System – Vocabulary Alveolar type I cell Alveolar type II cell Arytenoids Cartilage in the larynx where the vocal cords attach. Asthma Boyle’s law Bronchiole tree Choanae Primary, secondary, tertiary and terminal bronchi. All lined with ciliated Pseudostratified columnar epithelium. The plural of choana-the passageway from the back of one side of the nose to the nasopharynx Cricoid Emphysema Exhalation Alveoli coalesce – reduce surface area, loses elasticity Volume of thoracic cavity decreases and air flows out of lungs. The pressure of the lungs is greater than the ATM pressure. External respiration Extrinsic muscles of larynx Glottis Inhalation Internal respiration Intrinsic muscles of larynx Lingual tonsils Change shape, position and tension of vocal cords. Palatine tonsils Paranasal sinuses Pharyngeal tonsils Pleurisy Pneumonia Pulmonary surfactant RDS Visceral pleura Vocal ligaments Anatomyandy.wordpress.com Respiratory Distress Syndrome – decreased lung compliance due to surfactant deficient in newborn infants Make up the vocal folds, and are covered with mucous membrane. Part of the production of sound, due to vibration of vocal folds when air is forced through the glottis.