AP World History

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AP World History
Chapter 28: Terms & Questions
Part 1: Terms
Internationalization World Court
“Alliance system”
World War I
western front
Italian front
eastern front
submarine warfare
Mata Hari
Balfour Declaration (1917) Pan-African Nationalist Congress
Russian Revolution (see also Chapter 30) Brest-Litovsk Treaty (1918)
Treaty of Versailles Woodrow Wilson
isolationism
League of Nations
Mustafa Kemal (Ataturk)
“socialism in one country”
Great Depression
National Socialist (Nazi) Party
Adolf Hitler
Benito Mussolini
Anschluss
Munich Conference appeasement
Tripartite Pact
Pearl Harbor
blitzkrieg
Vichy
Winston Churchill
siege of Stalingrad
Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Holocaust
Harry Truman
Teheran Conference (1943) Yalta Conference (1945)
Potsdam Conference (1945)
United Nations
Cold War
eastern block
iron curtain
Marshall Plan
NATO
Warsaw Pact
Korean War
Vietnamese war
nonalignment
Part 2: Questions
1. What were the causes leading to World War I?
2. What was the impact of World War I on the worlds' societies and economies?
3. What were the causes of the Great Depression?
4. What was the worldwide impact of the depression?
5. What were the causes of World War II?
6. How were the diplomatic problems of World War II settled?
7. In what ways did the period from 1914 to 1945 mark the end of the old world order?
8. What were the consequences of the ending of the Cold War. Who won the Cold War
and why?
AP World History
Chapter 29: Terms & Questions
Part 2: Terms
Kellogg-Briand Pact (1928) “mass consumption” “Great Depression”
welfare state (see also page 714)
Franklin D. Roosevelt
New Deal
Popular Front
Fascism
B. Mussolini
A. Hitler/Nazi
totalitarian state
Gestapo
“Anti-Semitism”
“decolonization”
Cold War
East & West Germany
“Liberal Democracy”
Christian Democratic movement Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany)
Technocrat
Margaret Thatcher
Marshall Plan
European Union (AKA Common Market or European Economic Community)
“recession”
new feminism
Simone de Beauvoir and Betty Friedan
John Keynes
cubist movement
Pablo Picasso
Part 2: Questions
1. Characterize or describe the "Roaring '20s”. What changes occurred with women
during this period?
2. What were the effects of the Great Depression on the political systems of Europe?
How did it lead to the development of Fascism?
3. Describe the "totalitarian state". How was it different from earlier political systems
such as monarchy?
4. Describe the two postwar trends and their impact on Europe and the rest of the world.
5. Describe the internal politics of Western Europe after 1945. make sure you can
define/describe the various parties and their political positions (Left, Right, Moderate,
Liberal, etc)
6. Describe the "welfare state"? How did it develop over the period from the end of
WW11 to 1960 or so?
7. Why did Europe start to unify and establish such organizations as the Common
Market? What effect will that development have on the rest of the world?
8. How did the social structure of the West change in the period after Word War II?
9. Describe Western science and culture in the late 20th century. Make sure you include
the “Women’s Revolution”.
AP World History
Chapter 30: Terms & Questions
Part 1: Terms
Russian (Bolshevik) Revolution
soviet
Alexander Kerensky
Lenin
Russian Communist Party
Council of People's Commissars
Social Revolutionary Party
Congress of Soviets
Leon Trotsky
Red Army
New Economic Policy (NEP)
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR)
Supreme Soviet
Comintern
Joseph Stalin
kulaks
collectivization
five-year plans
Politburo
Ribbentrop-Molotov Pact
The Warsaw Pact
Berlin Wall
Revolt of 1956 (Hungary)
Alexander Dubcek
Solidarity
socialist realism
Aleksander Solzhenitsyn (Gulag Archipelago)
Nadezhda Mandelstam
“de-Stalinization”
Nikita Khrushchev
Sputnik & Yuri Gargarin
“war in Afghanistan”
Mikhail Gorbachev
glasnost
perestroika Boris Yeltsin
Part 2: Questions
1.Why did the liberal experiment in Russia fail and Lenin's revolution succeed?
Describe the course of the Russian Revolution. What groups supported the Reds and
why? Who was opposed and why?
2. How did the USSR change under Stalin. Describe Stalin’s domestic and economic
policies. (be sure to discuss “collectivization”)
3. Why did the Russian decide to ally themselves with Hitler? How did Soviet foreign
policy change after 1941?
4. Describe what happened to Eastern Europe after WWII. Why did the Soviets decide to
build a “buffer zone” in Eastern Europe? Describe conditions that led to the Cold War.
5. Describe the Soviet culture/society after the WWII. What happened after the death of
Stalin (De-Stalinization)? Describe the role Khrushchev played.
6. In what way was the Soviet Union different after 1985? What events led to the
breakup of the Soviet Union and its satellite states?
7. Why did the Soviet Union disintegrate? Give both long term causes and short term
causes.
AP World History
Chapter 31: Terms & Questions
Part 1: Terms
zaibatsu
“merchant marine” Korekiyo Takahashi
Tojo Hideki
Singapore
Taiwan
Douglas MacArthur
Liberal Democratic Party
Republic of Korea
Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Kim II-Sung
Korean War
Hong Kong
Yukio Mishima
Hyundai
Chung Ju Yung
Chiang Ching-kuo
Lee Kuan Yew
Part 2: Questions
1. Describe the Japanese government from 1919 to 1939. What changes did it go through
and how did Japan eventually decide to go to war in 1941 against the United States (make
sure you discuss “militarism”)?
2. How did the end of World War II impact the states of the Pacific Rim?
3. What accounts for the enormous economic growth of Japan after 1945? What changes
occur in Japanese society as a result of this growth?
4. Describe the growth of Korea (south). Why hasn’t the North (Korea) participated in the
economic growth that has occurred in South Korea?
5. Identify and discuss some themes that are common to the states of the Pacific rim.
6. What causes account for the common theme of economic growth in the Pacific rim
from the end of the war until the 1990s?
AP World History
Chapter 32: Terms & Questions
Part 1: Terms
Third World
Mexican Revolution
Francisco Madero
Pancho Villa Emiliano Zapata
Victoriano Huerta
Alvaro Obregón
“soldaderas”
Mexican Constitution of 1917
Lázaro Cárdenas
Diego Rivera and José Clemente Orozco
Corridos
Cristeros
Party of Institutionalized Revolution (PRI)
North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
“Zapatistas”
Import substitution industrialization
anarchism
syndicalism Tragic Week
“War of the Pacific”
Jose Carlos Mariategui
Victor Raul Haya de la Torre
American Popular Revolutionary Alliance (APRA)
Getúlio Vargas
Juan Perón
Eva Duarte (Evita) Juan José Arevalo
United Fruit Company
Fulgencio Batista
Fidel Castro
Ernesto “Che” Guevara
Cuba Missile Crisis, 1961
Liberation Theology
Salvado Allende
Sandinista Party
Banana republics
Good Neighbor Policy
Alliance for Progress
“human Rights”
Part 2: Questions
1. What problems were associated with Latin America's attempt to achieve economic
development?
2. What changes occurred as a result of the Mexican Revolution? Summarize the history
of Mexico in the 20th century.
3. How did various Latin American countries react to the failures of Liberal government?
4. How did populist governments in Brazil and Argentina attempt to rule?
5. What three types of radical reform were attempted in Guatemala, Bolivia, and Cuba
and what were the results?
6. Why did the military believe that they offered a viable answer to Latin American
problems?
7. Discuss the role of the United States in Latin America during the 20th century.
Describe the effects of NAFA on the United States and Mexico (use outside source- make
sure you cite the source).
AP World Histoy
Chapter 33: Decolonization and the Decline of the European World Order
Part 1: Terms
Indian National Congress
B.G. Tilak
Moreley-Minto Reforms (1909)
Lord Cromer
effendi
Dinshawi incident
Montagu-Chelmsford reforms (1919)
Rowlatt Act (1919)
M.K. Gandhi
Satyagraha
Muslim League
Government of India Act (1935)
Mandates
Zionism
Leon Pinsker
Alfred Drefus
Theodor Hertzl
Wafd Party
W.E.B. Du Bois and Marcus Garvey Négritude
Léopold S. Senghor, Aimé Césaire, and Léon Damas
Atlantic Charter (1941)
Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Kwame Nkrumah
Land Freedom Army
Jomo Kenyatta
National Liberation Front (FLN)
Afrikaner National Party
Part 2: Questions
1. What forces led to European loss of colonial dominance?
2. Identify some of the problems in India that led to an independence movement. What
kinds of problems were religious in nature and why?
3. How did the early Egyptian nationalist movement vary from that of India?
4. How did the events of World War 1 help the independence movements in the
European colonies?
5. Why was Gandhi critical to the success of the all-India nationalist movement?
6. Discuss the settlement of the issue of Palestine after World War I.
7. How did the early nationalist movements in the French and British colonies in Africa
differ?
8. Describe the partition of India in 1947 and the steps that led to it.
9. Discuss the differing paths to independence in settler and non-settler Africa.
10. Describe the creation of the state of Israel and what effect did this have on the
Palestinians.
AP World History
Chapter 34: Africa & Asia
Part 1: Terms
Bangladesh:
Baharatya Janata Party (BIP)
Biafra Saddam Hussein
Indira Gandhi, Corazon Aquino, and Benazir Bhutto
Religious revivalism
primary products
neocolonialism
Green Revolution
Kwame Nkrumah
Gamal Abdul Nasser
Free Officers movement
Muslim Brotherhood (Hasan al-Banna)
Anwar Sadat
Hosni Mubarak
Jawaharlal Nehru
Ayatollah Khomeini
apartheid
homelands
African National Congress (ANC)
Nelson Mandela
F.W. De Klerk
Part 2: Questions
1. Why did African and Asian new states have such difficulty in establishing national
identities?
2. What accounts for high population growth rates in new Asian and African nations?
3. How are cities in Asia, Africa, and Latin America different from those of the West?
What is a “parasitic city?
4. Define "neo-colonialism."
5. In what way did Nasser's military government differ from other military regimes?
6. Discuss the differences and similarities in post-independence policies in India and
Egypt.
7. What influences contributed to the gaining of power by Islamic fundamentalists
in Iran?
AP World History
Chapter 35: War and Revolution in China and Vietnam
Part 1: Terms
Yuan Shikai
Sun Yat-sen
May 4th Movement
Li Dazhao.
Socialist Youth Corps
Zhou Enlai
Whampoa Military Academy
Mao Zedong
Long March
People’s Liberation Army Mass Line
Great Leap Forward
“collectivation”
Revolutionary Alliance
New Youth
Guomindang (National Party)
Chiang Kai-shek
PRC
“Let a Thousand Flowers bloom”
Pragmatists: Deng Xiaoping and Liu Shaoqui
Jiang Qing
Cultural Revolution
Red Guard
Gang of Four
Tayson Rebellion
Nguyen Anh (Gia Long)
Minh Mang
Vietnamese Nationalist Party (VNQDD)
Communist Party of Vietnam
Ho Chi Minh (Nguyen Ai Quoc)
Viet Minh
Vo Nguyen Giap
Dien Bien Phu
Ngo Dinh Diem
Viet Cong:
Part 2: Questions
1. What experiences did China and Vietnam share with the other African and Asian
colonial territories and what experiences are unique?
2. What elements led to the Guomindang seizure of power in China the 1920s?
3. Why did the Guomindang fail to achieve permanent success?
4. How did Mao's political beliefs affect the nature of Communist reforms until 1957?
5. What gains did women in China make under Communism?
6. How did France gain control of Vietnam?
7. How did the Japanese invasion of Indochina aid in the Communist success in
Vietnam?
8. Describe the struggle to unify Vietnam
8. What was new following the revolutions in China and Vietnam and what was retained
from traditional civilization?
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