AP World History Chapter 28: Terms & Questions Part 1: Terms Internationalization World Court “Alliance system” World War I western front Italian front eastern front submarine warfare Mata Hari Balfour Declaration (1917) Pan-African Nationalist Congress Russian Revolution (see also Chapter 30) Brest-Litovsk Treaty (1918) Treaty of Versailles Woodrow Wilson isolationism League of Nations Mustafa Kemal (Ataturk) “socialism in one country” Great Depression National Socialist (Nazi) Party Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Anschluss Munich Conference appeasement Tripartite Pact Pearl Harbor blitzkrieg Vichy Winston Churchill siege of Stalingrad Hiroshima and Nagasaki Holocaust Harry Truman Teheran Conference (1943) Yalta Conference (1945) Potsdam Conference (1945) United Nations Cold War eastern block iron curtain Marshall Plan NATO Warsaw Pact Korean War Vietnamese war nonalignment Part 2: Questions 1. What were the causes leading to World War I? 2. What was the impact of World War I on the worlds' societies and economies? 3. What were the causes of the Great Depression? 4. What was the worldwide impact of the depression? 5. What were the causes of World War II? 6. How were the diplomatic problems of World War II settled? 7. In what ways did the period from 1914 to 1945 mark the end of the old world order? 8. What were the consequences of the ending of the Cold War. Who won the Cold War and why? AP World History Chapter 29: Terms & Questions Part 2: Terms Kellogg-Briand Pact (1928) “mass consumption” “Great Depression” welfare state (see also page 714) Franklin D. Roosevelt New Deal Popular Front Fascism B. Mussolini A. Hitler/Nazi totalitarian state Gestapo “Anti-Semitism” “decolonization” Cold War East & West Germany “Liberal Democracy” Christian Democratic movement Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) Technocrat Margaret Thatcher Marshall Plan European Union (AKA Common Market or European Economic Community) “recession” new feminism Simone de Beauvoir and Betty Friedan John Keynes cubist movement Pablo Picasso Part 2: Questions 1. Characterize or describe the "Roaring '20s”. What changes occurred with women during this period? 2. What were the effects of the Great Depression on the political systems of Europe? How did it lead to the development of Fascism? 3. Describe the "totalitarian state". How was it different from earlier political systems such as monarchy? 4. Describe the two postwar trends and their impact on Europe and the rest of the world. 5. Describe the internal politics of Western Europe after 1945. make sure you can define/describe the various parties and their political positions (Left, Right, Moderate, Liberal, etc) 6. Describe the "welfare state"? How did it develop over the period from the end of WW11 to 1960 or so? 7. Why did Europe start to unify and establish such organizations as the Common Market? What effect will that development have on the rest of the world? 8. How did the social structure of the West change in the period after Word War II? 9. Describe Western science and culture in the late 20th century. Make sure you include the “Women’s Revolution”. AP World History Chapter 30: Terms & Questions Part 1: Terms Russian (Bolshevik) Revolution soviet Alexander Kerensky Lenin Russian Communist Party Council of People's Commissars Social Revolutionary Party Congress of Soviets Leon Trotsky Red Army New Economic Policy (NEP) Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) Supreme Soviet Comintern Joseph Stalin kulaks collectivization five-year plans Politburo Ribbentrop-Molotov Pact The Warsaw Pact Berlin Wall Revolt of 1956 (Hungary) Alexander Dubcek Solidarity socialist realism Aleksander Solzhenitsyn (Gulag Archipelago) Nadezhda Mandelstam “de-Stalinization” Nikita Khrushchev Sputnik & Yuri Gargarin “war in Afghanistan” Mikhail Gorbachev glasnost perestroika Boris Yeltsin Part 2: Questions 1.Why did the liberal experiment in Russia fail and Lenin's revolution succeed? Describe the course of the Russian Revolution. What groups supported the Reds and why? Who was opposed and why? 2. How did the USSR change under Stalin. Describe Stalin’s domestic and economic policies. (be sure to discuss “collectivization”) 3. Why did the Russian decide to ally themselves with Hitler? How did Soviet foreign policy change after 1941? 4. Describe what happened to Eastern Europe after WWII. Why did the Soviets decide to build a “buffer zone” in Eastern Europe? Describe conditions that led to the Cold War. 5. Describe the Soviet culture/society after the WWII. What happened after the death of Stalin (De-Stalinization)? Describe the role Khrushchev played. 6. In what way was the Soviet Union different after 1985? What events led to the breakup of the Soviet Union and its satellite states? 7. Why did the Soviet Union disintegrate? Give both long term causes and short term causes. AP World History Chapter 31: Terms & Questions Part 1: Terms zaibatsu “merchant marine” Korekiyo Takahashi Tojo Hideki Singapore Taiwan Douglas MacArthur Liberal Democratic Party Republic of Korea Democratic People's Republic of Korea Kim II-Sung Korean War Hong Kong Yukio Mishima Hyundai Chung Ju Yung Chiang Ching-kuo Lee Kuan Yew Part 2: Questions 1. Describe the Japanese government from 1919 to 1939. What changes did it go through and how did Japan eventually decide to go to war in 1941 against the United States (make sure you discuss “militarism”)? 2. How did the end of World War II impact the states of the Pacific Rim? 3. What accounts for the enormous economic growth of Japan after 1945? What changes occur in Japanese society as a result of this growth? 4. Describe the growth of Korea (south). Why hasn’t the North (Korea) participated in the economic growth that has occurred in South Korea? 5. Identify and discuss some themes that are common to the states of the Pacific rim. 6. What causes account for the common theme of economic growth in the Pacific rim from the end of the war until the 1990s? AP World History Chapter 32: Terms & Questions Part 1: Terms Third World Mexican Revolution Francisco Madero Pancho Villa Emiliano Zapata Victoriano Huerta Alvaro Obregón “soldaderas” Mexican Constitution of 1917 Lázaro Cárdenas Diego Rivera and José Clemente Orozco Corridos Cristeros Party of Institutionalized Revolution (PRI) North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) “Zapatistas” Import substitution industrialization anarchism syndicalism Tragic Week “War of the Pacific” Jose Carlos Mariategui Victor Raul Haya de la Torre American Popular Revolutionary Alliance (APRA) Getúlio Vargas Juan Perón Eva Duarte (Evita) Juan José Arevalo United Fruit Company Fulgencio Batista Fidel Castro Ernesto “Che” Guevara Cuba Missile Crisis, 1961 Liberation Theology Salvado Allende Sandinista Party Banana republics Good Neighbor Policy Alliance for Progress “human Rights” Part 2: Questions 1. What problems were associated with Latin America's attempt to achieve economic development? 2. What changes occurred as a result of the Mexican Revolution? Summarize the history of Mexico in the 20th century. 3. How did various Latin American countries react to the failures of Liberal government? 4. How did populist governments in Brazil and Argentina attempt to rule? 5. What three types of radical reform were attempted in Guatemala, Bolivia, and Cuba and what were the results? 6. Why did the military believe that they offered a viable answer to Latin American problems? 7. Discuss the role of the United States in Latin America during the 20th century. Describe the effects of NAFA on the United States and Mexico (use outside source- make sure you cite the source). AP World Histoy Chapter 33: Decolonization and the Decline of the European World Order Part 1: Terms Indian National Congress B.G. Tilak Moreley-Minto Reforms (1909) Lord Cromer effendi Dinshawi incident Montagu-Chelmsford reforms (1919) Rowlatt Act (1919) M.K. Gandhi Satyagraha Muslim League Government of India Act (1935) Mandates Zionism Leon Pinsker Alfred Drefus Theodor Hertzl Wafd Party W.E.B. Du Bois and Marcus Garvey Négritude Léopold S. Senghor, Aimé Césaire, and Léon Damas Atlantic Charter (1941) Muhammad Ali Jinnah Kwame Nkrumah Land Freedom Army Jomo Kenyatta National Liberation Front (FLN) Afrikaner National Party Part 2: Questions 1. What forces led to European loss of colonial dominance? 2. Identify some of the problems in India that led to an independence movement. What kinds of problems were religious in nature and why? 3. How did the early Egyptian nationalist movement vary from that of India? 4. How did the events of World War 1 help the independence movements in the European colonies? 5. Why was Gandhi critical to the success of the all-India nationalist movement? 6. Discuss the settlement of the issue of Palestine after World War I. 7. How did the early nationalist movements in the French and British colonies in Africa differ? 8. Describe the partition of India in 1947 and the steps that led to it. 9. Discuss the differing paths to independence in settler and non-settler Africa. 10. Describe the creation of the state of Israel and what effect did this have on the Palestinians. AP World History Chapter 34: Africa & Asia Part 1: Terms Bangladesh: Baharatya Janata Party (BIP) Biafra Saddam Hussein Indira Gandhi, Corazon Aquino, and Benazir Bhutto Religious revivalism primary products neocolonialism Green Revolution Kwame Nkrumah Gamal Abdul Nasser Free Officers movement Muslim Brotherhood (Hasan al-Banna) Anwar Sadat Hosni Mubarak Jawaharlal Nehru Ayatollah Khomeini apartheid homelands African National Congress (ANC) Nelson Mandela F.W. De Klerk Part 2: Questions 1. Why did African and Asian new states have such difficulty in establishing national identities? 2. What accounts for high population growth rates in new Asian and African nations? 3. How are cities in Asia, Africa, and Latin America different from those of the West? What is a “parasitic city? 4. Define "neo-colonialism." 5. In what way did Nasser's military government differ from other military regimes? 6. Discuss the differences and similarities in post-independence policies in India and Egypt. 7. What influences contributed to the gaining of power by Islamic fundamentalists in Iran? AP World History Chapter 35: War and Revolution in China and Vietnam Part 1: Terms Yuan Shikai Sun Yat-sen May 4th Movement Li Dazhao. Socialist Youth Corps Zhou Enlai Whampoa Military Academy Mao Zedong Long March People’s Liberation Army Mass Line Great Leap Forward “collectivation” Revolutionary Alliance New Youth Guomindang (National Party) Chiang Kai-shek PRC “Let a Thousand Flowers bloom” Pragmatists: Deng Xiaoping and Liu Shaoqui Jiang Qing Cultural Revolution Red Guard Gang of Four Tayson Rebellion Nguyen Anh (Gia Long) Minh Mang Vietnamese Nationalist Party (VNQDD) Communist Party of Vietnam Ho Chi Minh (Nguyen Ai Quoc) Viet Minh Vo Nguyen Giap Dien Bien Phu Ngo Dinh Diem Viet Cong: Part 2: Questions 1. What experiences did China and Vietnam share with the other African and Asian colonial territories and what experiences are unique? 2. What elements led to the Guomindang seizure of power in China the 1920s? 3. Why did the Guomindang fail to achieve permanent success? 4. How did Mao's political beliefs affect the nature of Communist reforms until 1957? 5. What gains did women in China make under Communism? 6. How did France gain control of Vietnam? 7. How did the Japanese invasion of Indochina aid in the Communist success in Vietnam? 8. Describe the struggle to unify Vietnam 8. What was new following the revolutions in China and Vietnam and what was retained from traditional civilization?