Personal Development,

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Practice HSC exam paper (electronic version)
Personal Development,
Health and Physical Education
General Instructions



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Reading time — 5 minutes
Working time — 3 hours
Write using black or blue pen.
Write your centre number and student
number at the top of each page or where
indicated.
Total marks — 100
Section I
60 marks
This section has two parts, part A and part B.
Part A — 20 marks
 Attempt questions 1–20.
 Allow about 40 minutes for this part.
Part B — 40 marks
 Attempt questions 21–22.
 Allow about one hour and 10 minutes for this
part.
Section II
40 marks


Attempt TWO questions from questions 23–27.
Allow about one hour and 10 minutes for this
section.
OUTCOMES 2 HSC COURSE 3E
Section I
Part A — 20 marks
Attempt questions 1–20.
Allow about 40 minutes for this part.
Select the alternative A, B, C or D that best answers the question.
Multiple-choice questions
1. Which of the following is the leading cause of death in Australia?
(A)
Lung cancer
(B)
Diabetes
(C)
Injury
(D)
Cardiovascular disease
A
B
C
D
2. What is the leading cause of death for children and young adults in Australia?
(A)
Cardiovascular disease
(B)
Asthma
(C)
Injury
(D)
Suicide
A
B
C
D
3. What would a comparison between the health status of indigenous Australians and non-indigenous
Australians reveal?
(A)
Indigenous Australians have a lower life expectancy.
(B)
Non-indigenous Australians have a poorer health status.
(C)
Non-indigenous Australians are more likely to die in infancy.
(D)
Hospital admission rates are lower for indigenous Australians.
A
B
C
D
4. Which of the following does social justice within a health context support most?
(A)
Equal access to health services for all Australians
(B)
The provision of health education only to those who can afford it
(C)
A focus on individual behaviour change
(D)
Increased government spending on medicine to treat disease
A
B
C
D
5. Which of the following is the most important consideration in determining Australia’s health priorities?
(A)
The prevalence of the condition in indigenous populations only
(B)
The cost of the condition to the individual and the community
(C)
The cost to change the occurrence of disease
(D)
The prevalence of the condition within the non-indigenous population
A
B
C
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D
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OUTCOMES 2 HSC COURSE 3E
6. Which of the following highlights the impact of social determinants on health?
(A)
Development of obesity due to a lack of regular physical activity and a high-fat diet
(B)
Overexposure to UV rays, causing skin cancer
(C)
Inability to access health services due to low income and poor knowledge
(D)
Drinking alcohol and driving
A
B
C
D
7. Which of the following is a characteristic of the new public health approach to health promotion?
(A)
A domination of the medical profession
(B)
A belief that improvements in health can occur only through individual behaviour modification
(C)
A primary focus on the prevention of infectious diseases
(D)
A focus on building healthy public policy and providing social support
A
B
C
D
8. Which of the following best characterises community empowerment in health promotion?
(A)
A local doctor providing free health-screening services
(B)
Increased government taxes on cigarettes
(C)
Police enforcement of speeding laws around schools to increase the safety of schoolchildren
(D)
School staff, students and P and C at a local primary school working together to raise
awareness of and support for improved road safety around their school
A
B
C
D
9. Which of the following is provided by Medicare?
(A)
Choice of doctor and hospital
(B)
Cover of dentist and physiotherapy services
(C)
Public hospital cover
(D)
Private hospital cover
A
B
C
D
10. Providing counselling support for people suffering from depression is one strategy used in health
promotion in the area of mental health. Which Ottawa Charter action area is being implemented in
this example?
(A)
Creating supportive environments
(B)
Building public health policy
(C)
Reorienting health services
(D)
Developing personal skills
A
B
C
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D
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OUTCOMES 2 HSC COURSE 3E
11. Which of the following fuels provides energy for the functioning of the alactacid energy system?
(A)
Creatine phosphate
(B)
Glycogen
(C)
Protein
(D)
Lactic acid
A
B
C
D
12. The term ‘repetition maximum’ (RM) is commonly used in resistance training programs. What would
the correct application of 1 RM suggest?
(A)
One set of 10 repetitions
(B)
One repetition of any weight without rest
(C)
The maximum weight that can be lifted once only
(D)
The minimum weight that can be lifted once only
A
B
C
D
13. Examine the figure below.
Which of the following athletes would benefit most from the development of the energy system
illustrated by line A?
(A)
A gymnast
(B)
A triathlete
(C)
A diver
(D)
A 200-metre runner
A
B
C
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D
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OUTCOMES 2 HSC COURSE 3E
14. Examine the arousal curve below.
Which of the following statements about arousal and performance is correct?
(A)
Athlete A’s level of arousal would be best if the task was considered easy.
(B)
Athlete B has the best level of arousal for that specific task.
(C)
For that task, athlete B’s level of arousal would always be optimal.
(D)
Athlete C’s performance will be best because the level of arousal is highest.
A
B
C
D
15. What is the most important feature of a recovery nutritional plan following endurance activity?
(A)
Foods with a 1:2 protein to carbohydrate ratio
(B)
Foods rated low in terms of the glycemic index (GI)
(C)
Foods with a 1:1 fat to carbohydrate ratio
(D)
Foods rated moderate to high in terms of the glycemic index (GI)
A
B
C
D
16. Which of the following descriptions is most appropriate for a player in the associative stage of skill
learning?
(A)
There is a high degree of temporal patterning evident.
(B)
The player has a clear picture of the task and is ready for practice.
(C)
Practice results in observable improvement.
(D)
Pressure drills and game strategies are used frequently during training.
A
B
C
D
17. Which of the following best exemplifies performance of a rhythmic gymnastic routine in accordance
with the music?
(A)
An internally paced skill
(B)
An externally paced skill
(C)
A fine motor skill
(D)
A discrete skill
A
B
C
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D
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OUTCOMES 2 HSC COURSE 3E
18. Which of the following sets of figures indicates a change in stroke volume of a trained athlete
between rest and exercise?
(A)
15 to 25 litres/minute
(B)
45 to 70 mL/oxygen/kg
(C)
4 to 20 mmol/beat
(D)
70 to 140 mL/beat
A
B
C
D
19. Examine the figure below.
The figure indicates a physiological change as a result of training. What change is indicated by the
line AB?
(A)
Resting heart rate
(B)
Cardiac output
(C)
Stroke volume
(D)
Oxygen uptake
A
B
C
D
20. How is ATP restoration achieved when the alactacid energy system is the predominant supplier of
energy?
(A)
Resynthesis of lactic acid
(B)
Carbohydrate loading
(C)
Energy from the breakdown of creatine phosphate
(D)
Oxygen from the metabolism of carbohydrate and fat
A
B
C
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D
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OUTCOMES 2 HSC COURSE 3E
Section I (continued)
Part B — 40 marks
Attempt questions 21–22.
Allow about 1 hour and 10 minutes for this part.
In your answer, you will be assessed on how well you:
 demonstrate an understanding of health and physical activity concepts
 apply the skills of critical thinking and analysis
 illustrate your answer with relevant examples
 present ideas in a clear and logical way.
Question 21 — Health priorities in Australia (20 marks)
Marks
(a)
Discuss the trends in health status of one population group within Australia that
experiences inequities in health.
5
(b)
Identify and explain the social determinants that have contributed to the health
inequities experienced by this group.
8
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OUTCOMES 2 HSC COURSE 3E
(c)
Explain why the new public health approach to health promotion would be more effective
in reducing these health inequities than an individual approach.
Question 22 — Factors affecting performance
(a)
Explain how the body enables a continuous supply of energy to be available to muscles
during a 5000-metre race.
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7
Marks
8
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OUTCOMES 2 HSC COURSE 3E
(b)
Discuss how physiological mechanisms and appropriate individual strategies work to
control body temperature during endurance events.
6
(c)
Discuss how different environments may affect the way a skill is learned.
6
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OUTCOMES 2 HSC COURSE 3E
Section II
Total marks (40)
Attempt TWO questions from questions 23–27.
Answer each question in a SEPARATE writing booklet. In your answers, you will be assessed on how well
you:
 demonstrate an understanding of health and physical activity concepts
 apply the skills of critical thinking and analysis
 illustrate your answer with relevant examples
 present ideas in a clear and logical way.
Question 23 — The health of young people (20 marks)
(a)
In relation to ONE focus area, discuss the skills and actions that enable young people to
improve their health.
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Marks
8
10
OUTCOMES 2 HSC COURSE 3E
(b)
‘There is much that can be done to support the health of young people.’
12
Critically analyse this statement with reference to creating supportive networks for young
people and promoting social actions to attain better health.
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OUTCOMES 2 HSC COURSE 3E
Question 24 — Sport and physical activity in Australian society (20 marks)
(a)
Choose one culture and discuss the meanings given to physical activity and sport by its
people.
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Marks
8
12
OUTCOMES 2 HSC COURSE 3E
(b)
‘Sport is a major social institution in Australian society. It can shape people’s values and
beliefs about gender and sexuality.’
12
Critically analyse this statement with reference to the influence of the mass media’s
coverage of sports in Australia.
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13
OUTCOMES 2 HSC COURSE 3E
Question 25 — Sports medicine (20 marks)
(a)
Discuss how soft tissue injury can be effectively managed.
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Marks
8
14
OUTCOMES 2 HSC COURSE 3E
(b)
‘Because it is not possible to detect all forms of performance- enhancing drugs, drug
testing is a waste of time.’
12
Critically analyse this statement in relation to performance-enhancing drugs that may be
used by athletes.
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15
OUTCOMES 2 HSC COURSE 3E
Question 26 — Improving performance (20 marks)
(a)
Discuss how power could best be developed to enhance the performance of a sprinter.
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Marks
8
16
OUTCOMES 2 HSC COURSE 3E
(b)
Mexico City, where the 1968 Olympic Games were held, is located 2290 metres above
sea level. At these games, the world record for the 400-metres track event was broken
by almost a second. However, no world records were broken in distance events lasting
longer than 2.5 minutes. In the light of this, critically analyse the effects of altitude and
acclimatisation on performance.
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12
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OUTCOMES 2 HSC COURSE 3E
Question 27 — Equity and health (20 marks)
(a)
Identify a specific health-promotion strategy you have studied in class. With reference to
the strategy, discuss six characteristics which aim to improve the health status of a
population group.
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Marks
8
18
OUTCOMES 2 HSC COURSE 3E
(b)
Choose either Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples or people living in rural and
remote locations. Critically analyse the significant factors that contribute to their health
inequity compared with other Australians.
© John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd
12
19
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