Meteorology Final Study Guide

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Meteorology Final-Exam Study Guide Fall 2014, SJHS Mr. J Varco advection aerosols air Air-mass thunderstorm albedo aphelion atmosphere atmospheric window aurora australis aurora borealis autumnal equinox backscattered biosphere blackbody circle of illumination climate climate system climate-feedback mechanism closed system conduction convection Cumulus stage Dart leader diffused light Dissipating stage Doppler radar Dryline easterly wave eccentricity elements of weather and climate energy Entrainment environmental lapse rate eye eye wall Flash Fujita Intensity Scale (F-scale) greenhouse effect Gust front heat heat budget hurricane hurricane warning hurricane watch hydrosphere inclination of the axis infrared radiation ionosphere kinetic energy Leader Lightning lithosphere longwave radiation Mature stage Mesocyclone mesopause Mesoscale convection complex mesosphere Milankovitch cycles Multiple vortex tornado negative feedback mechanism negative-feedback mechanism obliquity open system ozone oxygen isotope analysis perihelion plane of the ecliptic plate-tectonics theory positive feedback mechanism positive-feedback mechanism potential energy precession radiation or electromagnetic radiation radiosonde reflection Return stroke revolution rotation Saffir-Simpson scale scattering Severe thunderstorm shortwave radiation spring equinox Squall line Step leader storm surge stratopause stratosphere

- Stroke summer solstice sunspot(s) Supercell system temperature thermal thermosphere Thunder Thunderstorm Tornado Tornado warning Tornado watch Characteristics of a hurricane Characteristics of a lightning storm Light pollution Tropic of Cancer Tropic of Capricorn tropical depression tropical disturbance tropical storm tropopause troposphere Ultraviolet radiation Visible light Wavelength weather Winter solstice F-Scale and the qualifications for each (F1 – F5) Weather seeding and the attempt to control weather Climate versus weather The role of weather in the D-Day Invasion of WWII

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