Name: ____________________ Date: ___________ Period: ________ How Plant and Animal Cells Differ I’m an animal cell with centrioles. I don’t have a cell wall, chloroplasts or large vacuole I’m a little plant cell with a large vacuole, cell wall and chloroplasts Background What do plant cells have, that animals cells don’t? Plant cells have a few extra cell organelles. For example, plant cells have a cell wall, chloroplasts and a large vacuole. Animal cells do have one structure that plant cells do not. It is the centriole. However, you will not be able to see this part with your microscope. It isn’t powerful enough. You will be looking at your very own cheek cells as an example of an animal cell. In addition, you will look at a leaf from an aquarium plant called elodea. The elodea cells are green because they contain chlorophyll which traps light energy for photosynthesis. Photosynthesis allows the plant to make its own food. Materials Microscope slides Toothpicks Methylene Blue Cover slips Dropper Water Forceps Elodea leaves Lugol’s solution Procedure Cheek Cells 1. Place one drop of water on a microscope slide. Gently brush a flat toothpick against the inside of your cheek. Stir the water with this end of your toothpick. AFTERWARDS, IMMEDIATELY BREAK THE TOOTHPICK AND THROW IT AWAY. 2. Add a small drop of methylene blue stain to the slide and cover it with a cover slip. 3. View your slide under low (100X) and high (400X) power. Draw and label each in the circles below. Low Power High Power Leaf Cells 4. Break off a small leaf that is very green from the elodea plant. 5. Place the entire leaf on a drop of water on your microscope slide and cover it with a coverslip. 6. Examine and draw the leaf under low and high power. Low Power High Power 7. Warm your slide over the light on your microscope. Be careful not to burn your cells. View your slide under high power and describe what you see happening. 8. Break off another elodea leaf and place it in Lugol’s solution on a microscope slide. Cover your leaf with a cover slip and look at it under low and high power. Draw and label what you see. Low Power High Power Conclusion 1. What structures do cheek cells and elodea leaf cells have in common? 2. How do human cheek cells and elodea cells differ? 3. After heating your elodea leaf slide, the chloroplasts were moving. How do you think that this happens? What is a name for this movement? 4. What did the stain do to the elodea leaf cells?