How has life in Britain changed since 1948?

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Unit Lesson support material for Primary teachers
13
Key Stage 2 History
How has life in Britain changed since 1948?
1
Connected Earth Founded by BT
Unit Lesson support material for Primary teachers
13
Key Stage 2 History
Contents
Page
Introduction .................................................................................... 1
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Decade summaries to use as the basis for your timeline. ...................... 4
& ())*"#$'&,%&2.*3;$'&*2",''&-.$&1<$&)*#3&*"$*'&,%&2.*3;$=& 9
Working life, Home life, Popular culture, Population and Technology .......12
&9(;;$'-#,3'&%,"&),"$&4$-*#0$4&>($'-#,3'&-,&#320(4$&#3&-.$&$3>(#"+ .........17
Transcripts of the two Voices from history, together with suggested discussion topics.......................................................19
?$:&>($'-&-#)$&4$-$2-#<$&*2-#<#-+&[email protected],"#3;&.,B&-.$&B,"04 of popular culture has changed since 1948 .........................................21
9(AA,"-&'.$$-&%,"&*3&,04$"&A$"',3&B.,&+,(&#3<#-$&-,&-*0C& to your class about changes in life since 1948. ...................................24
DEFG&H&IJJG&3$B'&$<$3-'&-#)$0#3$&'())*"+ ......................................27
2
Connected Earth Founded by BT
Unit Lesson support material for Primary teachers – Introduction
13
Key Stage 2 History
How has life in Britain changed since 1948?
This material has been developed by Connected Earth to support teaching of Unit 13 of the History curriculum for Year 5/6 – How has life in Britain changed since 1948?
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is carried out on the the coronation of Queen Connected Earth website, Elizabeth II. These can www.connected­earth.
be played to your class to com/Learning – they do support your teaching.
not need mobile phones.
1
Connected Earth Founded by BT
Unit !"#$%&'())*"+&,%&-.$&/56&9+00*:('
13
Key Stage 2 History
How has life in Britain changed since 1948?
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Investigation in­depth of one aspect of change e.g.
Population structure
Population culture
Work
Vocabulary
Words associated with settlement e.g.
Population
Emigration
Immigration
Words associated with aspects of society e.g.
Industry
Work
Leisure
Transport
Media
Fashion
Diet
Words associated with change e.g.
Different
9*)$&*'
Because
Cause
Effect
Fashion
Reasons
Result
Resources
R& Timeline showing decades since 1948.
R& Visitor old enough to talk about life since 1948.
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Unit !"#$%&'())*"+&,%&-.$&/56&9+00*:('
13
Key Stage 2 History
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R& &Change in population structure
R& More cars
R& Increased consumerism
R& Impact of new technologies
R& Changes in transport
R& Immigration
Timeline
Divided into:
R& Work
R& Home life
R& Population
R& Technology
R& Popular culture
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What are the changes in work, home life, popular culture, population and technology in Britain since 1948? When did these changes happen?
Five stage enquiry: (Divide into groups, allocate topics from 5 above)
1. What are most important changes in your topic area since 1948? When did they happen?
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Identify links and connections
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Connected Earth Founded by BT
Unit Decade summaries 1940s
13
Key Stage 2 History
News events
1948 5 July National Health 9$"<#2$&:$;*3
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1940s
held in Britain
How working life has changed
1948
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How home life has changed
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Most people shopped from local shops in town centres and suburbs.
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Many couples had more than three children.
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How popular culture has changed
1948
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1948
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1948
Cinema attendances reached their peak
The radio was the main entertainment centre in the home.
Many homes had an electric gramophone which only played 78rpm records.
How the population has changed
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Windrush in 1948 bringing people from the Caribbean was the beginning of large scale immigration to Britain.
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Population of Britain was about 47 million.
Lots of children were born after the second world war called the ‘baby boom’.
How technology has changed
1948
6&>(*"-$" of British homes had no electricity
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4
Connected Earth Founded by BT
1940s radio
Unit Decade summaries 1950s
13
Key Stage 2 History
News events
1950s
How working life has changed
1950
690,000 coal miners working
1950
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1951
12% of the work force were professional or managerial
1958
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1954 6 May Roger Bannister "*3&-.$&1"'-&F&
minute mile
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opened (Britain’s 1"'-&),-,"B*+8
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How home life has changed
1951
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1954
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People spent most of their leisure time at home – reading, listening to the radio, watching -$0$<#'#,3&,"&A("'(#3;&.,::#$'M&U.$&),'-&A,A(0*"&.,::#$'&B$"$&C3#--#3;&*34&3$$40$HB,"C&%,"&
women, and gardening for men.
Car ownership became more popular. In 1959 the Mini went of sale for £496 – about the amount of money someone earned in a whole year.
Children spent a lot of their time playing together out of doors.
How popular culture has changed
R Teenagers stopped dressing like parents
1951
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1952
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1955
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1958
Blue Peter started
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They had their own music and their own money
How the population has changed
1952
Population of Britain = 50 million
Racism was a way of life in Britain ­ 1958 Race riots in Notting Hill.
Large numbers of settlers from Commonwealth countries – particularly d*)*#2*&*34&-.$&5*"#::$*3L&N34#*&7b(Q*"*-&"$;#,38&*34&T*C#'-*3M
How technology has changed
1954
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1956
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1957
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1958
First microchip was produced
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still only 10% of the population had one.
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Connected Earth Founded by BT
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satellite
Unit Decade summaries 1960s
News events
13
Key Stage 2 History
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sells a million
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How working life has changed
1961
1960
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1965
95% of cars sold in Britain were made in Britain
1965
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1966
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How home life has changed
1960
There were 10.5 million TV sets in the country
1960
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1961
75% of families had a TV
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per dozen
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1968
The Daily Mail cost about IA&7\48
1968
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cost 2.5p 7g48
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1967, BBC colour test card
Lots of new housing was built following the shortages after the second world war – housing estates and high­rise tower blocks.
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How popular culture has changed
1960
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1963
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R Early 60s – Mods and Rockers
1964
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R Mid 60s – Hippies 1965
Thunderbirds started
R& &c*-$&gJ'&[&9C#3.$*4'
1969
First landing on the moon
R Reggae music
1968
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R Beatles
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mini skirt, the fashion that she made popular.
How the population has changed
1961
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1961
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1965
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How technology has changed
1962
First communications satellite Telstar is launched
1965
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1967
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1967
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1969
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6
Connected Earth Founded by BT
Unit 13
News events
Decade summaries 1970s
1972 February Miners went on strike
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1970s
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woman Prime Minister
How working life has changed
1970
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1975
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1975
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1979
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1979
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imported from other countries. British factories closed down and a lot of people were out of work. Lots of those who had jobs said they weren’t paid enough, and some went on strike.
How home life has changed
1970
64% of homes had a washing machine
1971
Decimal coinage came in. Before this there was 12d in a shilling, and 20 shillings in a pound
1971
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1974
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1978
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1979
9,3+&:$;*3&'$00#3;&-.$&?*0C)*3&A$"',3*0&'-$"$,
1975
Eggs cost 40p per How popular culture has changed
1971
176 million cinema tickets sold
1971
91% of families had TV
1972
Newsround started 1975
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1978
b"*3;$&^#00&'-*"-$4
R Punk
1971
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cost 6p
R Disco
How the population has changed
1971
Population of Britain = 54 million
1972
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of a former British protectorate 27,000 came to Britain
1977
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How technology has changed
1970
The computer mouse was patented
1970
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1971
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1974
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1975
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7
Connected Earth Founded by BT
dozen
Unit Decade summaries 1980s
13
Key Stage 2 History
News events
1981 29 July Prince of Wales married Lady W#*3*&9A$32$"
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1980s
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the Falklands War
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How working life has changed
1980
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1980
6<$"*;$&B$$C0+&B*;$&%,"&)$3&B*'&eDIfMfJM&X,"&B,)$3&#-&B*'&ef\MfJ
1984
Three million people were unemployed
1986
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How home life has changed
1982
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9(A$")*"C$-'&),<$4&%",)&-,B3&2$3-"$'&-,&,(-H,%H-,B3&0,2*-#,3'M&
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How popular culture has changed
1981
Postman Pat started
1983
Breakfast TV started
1984
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1985
EastEnders started
1985
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R Early 80s – new romantics
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How the population has changed
1981
T,A(0*-#,3&,%&!"#-*#3&l&7Q('-&,<$"8&\g&)#00#,3
How technology has changed
1980
More than a million personal computers had been sold around the world
1981
IBM PC was launched
1983
First CDs on sale
1984
6AA0$&]*2#3-,'.&0*(32.$4&*-&eFLJJJ&#3&-,4*+O'&),3$+
1985
h#3-$34,&K3-$"-*#3)$3-&9+'-$)&0*(32.$4L&%$*-("#3;&9(A$"&
Mario Brothers
1985
X#"'-&<$"'#,3&,%&]#2",',%-&?#34,B'&B*'&0*(32.$4
1988
50,000 computers connected to the Internet
1989
^*34H.$04&h#3-$34,&b*)$&!,+&0*(32.$4
],:#0$&A.,3$'&#3-",4(2$4&7-.$+&B$"$&[email protected]$3'#<$&*34&0*";$8M
X*@&)*2.#3$'&*34&*3'B$"#3;&)*2.#3$'&B$"$&<$"+&A,A(0*"&#3&-.$&
mid­1980s due to a standard transmission rate being adopted.
8
Connected Earth Founded by BT
1987, Early mobile telephone
Unit Decade summaries 1990s
13
Key Stage 2 History
1990s
How working life has changed
1991
gfm&,%&*00&A$,A0$&B,"C#3;&B$"$&#3&'$"<#2$&#34('-"#$'
1992
56% of employees were working with computerised News events
DEEJ&&ZD&]*"2.&
& ,00&U*@&"#,-'&#3&
T
London
1994 6 May Channel Tunnel opened
DEEF& DE&h,<$):$"& h
& *-#,3*0&c,--$"+&
started
DEE\& Dg&6A"#0&&
& *-#,3*0&-$0$A.,3$&
h
code change day – Phoneday
,"&*(-,)*-$4&$>(#A)$31993
DI&)#00#,3&B,)$3&B$"$&*-&B,"C&7D\&)#00#,3&)$38&H&
1990
more than half of all women went to work
1994
17,000 coal miners in Britain
1998
12% of people were self employed
6&]*"'&:*"&
cost 20p
U$2.3,0,;+&)$*3-&-.*-&A$,A0$&2,(04&B,"C&B.$"$<$"&-.$+&B*3-$4&H&',)$&Q,:'&
#3&-.$&'$"<#2$&'$2-,"&:$;*3&-,&;,&*:",*4&7$M;M&2*00&2$3-"$'8M
How home life has changed
1990
Three out of four children’s parents were married
1991
Virtually 100% of homes had a washing machine
6:,(-&,3$&)*""#*;$&#3&-."$$&B*'&$34#3;&#3&4#<,"2$M
How popular culture has changed
1992
W"&?.,&13#'.$4&7%,"&-.$&1"'-&-#)$8&*%-$"&gfE&$A#',4$'
1998
Funeral of Diana, Princess of Wales
1999
]#00$33#()&W,)$&,A$3$4&,3&ZD&W$2$):$"
How the population has changed
1990
Population of Britain = 58 million
1990
6%-$"&4$2*4$'&,%&#))#;"*-#,3L&*0),'-&DJm&,%&-.$&!"#-#'.&
A,A(0*-#,3&B*'&3,3HB.#-$&,"&,%&)#@$4&"*2$
1997
Dgm&,%&A,A(0*-#,3&B$"$&*;$4&g\&*34&,<$"L&fm&B$"$&f\&
*34&,<$"&7)$4#2*0&#)A",<$)$3-'&)*#30+&"$'A,3'#:0$8
R& !"#-&A,A&7!0("&Y&a*'#'8
R Bhangra (The New Pardesi Music ]*2.#3$&Y&!*00+&9*;,,8
R& &^#A&^,A&7S(3&W]5&Y&b"*34)*'-$"&
X0*'.8
R& &N34#$&79-,3$&S,'$'&Y&^*AA+&
],34*+'8&
How technology has changed
1991
Three million computers connected to the Internet
1991
?,"04&?#4$&?$:&1"'-&*<*#0*:0$&-,&-.$&A(:0#2
1994
9,3+&T0*+'-*-#,3&0*(32.$4
1996
Ten million computers connected to the Internet
1998
DZJ&)#00#,3&B$:&('$"'&#3&-.$&B,"04
9
Connected Earth Founded by BT
1995, National telephone code change day
Unit Decade summaries 2000s
13
Key Stage 2 History
2000s
How working life has changed
2004
News events
2000 25 July Concorde crashed in Paris
IJJD& DD&9$A-&
&U$"","#'-'&*--*2C$4&
6)$"#2*L&4$'-",+#3;&
the World Trade Center
IJJI& ZJ&]*"2.&
&/($$3&],-.$"&4#$4
IJJZ& IJ&]*"2.&
&!"#-#'.&',04#$"'&
:$;*3&1;.-#3;&#3&
N"*>
2005 6 July London chosen to .,'-&IJDI&a0+)A#2'
2005 7 July Terrorists attacked trains and a bus in London
2006 11 July Many die in terrorist attacks on trains in Mumbai
IJJf& If&d(3$&
b,"4,3&!",B3& became Prime Minister
h$*"0+&.*0%&7Fgm8&,%&0,3$&A*"$3-'&B$"$&3,-&#3&
employment
2005
G\JLJJJ&A$,A0$&20*#)#3;&d,:'$$C$"O'&600,B*32$
2005
88% of working­age people with a degree or $>(#<*0$3-&#3&-.$&`i&B$"$&#3&$)A0,+)$3-L&2,)A*"$4&
B#-.&,30+&FGm&,%&-.,'$&B#-.&3,&>(*0#12*-#,3'
2008
h():$"&,%&A$,A0$&20*#)#3;&d,:'$$C$"O'&600,B*32$ hit 1.07 million
How home life has changed
2004
FIm&,%&B,)$3&;#<#3;&:#"-.&B$"$&(3)*""#$4
2005
h$*"0+&D&#3&F&2.#04"$3&0#<$&#3&,3$HA*"$3-&%*)#0#$'
2005
gfm&,%&`i&.,)$'&.*4&*&WnW&A0*+$"
2008
ZJm&,%&.,('$.,04'&*"$&)*4$&(A&,%&Q('-&,3$&A$"',3
IJJG& F&h,<$):$"& !*"*2C&a:*)*&B,3& &
&
`9&T"$'#4$3-#*0& Election
How popular culture has changed
2000
!"#-#'.&",B$"&9-$<$&S$4;"*<$&B,3&.#'&1%-.&2,3'$2(-#<$&;,04&
)$4*0&*-&-.$&a0+)A#2&b*)$'&#3&9+43$+
2000
!#;&!",-.$"&:",*42*'-&%,"&-.$&1"'-&-#)$
2003
England won the Rugby World Cup
2005
c#<$&G&2,32$"-&#3&^+4$&T*"CL&c,34,3
2005
N3&2"#2C$-&K3;0*34&:$*-&6('-"*0#*&#3&U.$&6'.$'L&-.$&1"'-&-#)$&
2004
6&]*"'&:*"&
2,'-&Z\A
since 1987
2006
9C+&'#;3$4&4$*0&-,&'.,B&T"$)#$"'.#A&%,,-:*00&;*)$'
2007
d*4$&b,,4+&-,,C&A*"-&#3&!#;&!",-.$"&f
2008
?*-2.#3;&Un&B*'&-.$&),'-&A,A(0*"&0$#'("$&*2-#<#-+&%,"&),"$ than eight in ten adults
2008
U.$&IE-.&9())$"&a0+)A#2&b*)$'&-,,C&A0*2$&#3&!$#Q#3;L&5.#3*
How the population has changed
2004
DIm&,%&-.$&`i&A,A(0*-#,3&B*'&*;$4&G\&,"&,<$"
2004
UB,H-.#"4'&,%&-.$&`iO'&A,A(0*-#,3&;",B-.&B*'&:$2*('$&,%&#))#;"*-#,3
2007
U.$"$&B$"$&),"$&A$3'#,3$"'&-.*3&-.$"$&B$"$&-$$3*;$"'&#3&-.$&`i
10
Connected Earth Founded by BT
2008 Population of Britain was almost 61 million
Unit Decade summaries 2000s
13
Key Stage 2 History
2000s 72,3-#3($48
How technology has changed
2000
200 million computers connected to the Internet
2001
6AA0$O'&#HT,4&0*(32.$4
2003
6",(34&Fm&,%&$0$2-"#2#-+&A",4(2$4&#3&-.$&`i&2*)$&%",)&"$3$B*:0$&',("2$'
2005
a<$"&\Jm&,%&`i&.,)$'&.*4&N3-$"3$-&*22$''
2005
DLJDG&)#00#,3&7,<$"&D&:#00#,38&B$:&('$"'&#3&-.$&B,"04
2005
U.$"$&B$"$&),"$&),:#0$&A.,3$'&#3&-.$&`i&-.*3&-.$"$&B$"$&A$,A0$
2006
ZE\&)#00#,3&2,)A(-$"'&2,33$2-$4&-,&-.$&N3-$"3$-
2006
!",*4:*34&*<*#0*:0$&-,&EEMfm&,%&`i&.,)$'&*34&:('#3$''
2007
9*0$'&,%&5W'&#3&-.$&`i&B$"$&4,B3&DDm&'#32$&IJJg
2008
DL\Eg&)#00#,3&7,<$"&DM\&:#00#,38&B$:&('$"'&#3&-.$&B,"04
2008
Gfm&,%&`i&.,)$'&.*4&*&4#;#-*0&Un
2008
\fm&,%&`i&.,)$'&.*4&*&:",*4:*34&#3-$"3$-&2,33$2-#,3
11
Connected Earth Founded by BT
IJJgL&EEMfm&,%&`i&
2*3&.*<$&:",*4:*34
Unit 9())*"+&,%&?,"C#3;&c#%$
13
Key Stage 2 History
How working life has changed since 1948
During the period between 1948 and today, the world of work in Britain has changed a great deal. T$,A0$O'&Q,:'&.*<$&2.*3;$4&%",)&:$#3;&)*#30+&-.,'$&B.$"$&-.$+&)*4$&-.#3;'&7#3&%*2-,"#$'&%,"&
[email protected]*)A0$8&-,&:$#3;&)*#30+&-.,'$&B.$"$&-.$+&.$0A&-,&A",<#4$&'$"<#2$'&-,&,-.$"&A$,A0$M&N-&.*'&)$*3-&
-.*-&A$,A0$O'&'C#00'&.*<$&.*4&-,&2.*3;$M&N3&DEFGL&;$--#3;&,3&B$00&*-&B,"C&,%-$3&)$*3-&:$#3;&;,,4&
B#-.&+,("&.*34'M&N3&)*3+&#34('-"#$'&#-&*0',&)$*3-&:$#3;&A.+'#2*00+&'-",3;M&6&0,-&,%&B,"C&B*'&j)*3O'&
work’ in traditional industries like coal mining, ship building and steelwork. With today’s focus on '$"<#2$&#34('-"#$'L&)*3+&Q,:'&"$>(#"$&-.#3C#3;&'C#00'L&*34&-.$&*:#0#-+&-,&;$-&,3&B$00&B#-.& other people.
N3&DEFG&-.$"$&B$"$&)*3+&Q,:'&%,"&A$,A0$&B.,&.*4&%$B&'C#00'L&:(-&*'&-.$&+$*"'&.*<$&;,3$&:+&#-&.*'&
:$2,)$&),"$&*34&),"$&#)A,"-*3-&-,&.*<$&.*4&$4(2*-#,3&*34&-"*#3#3;M
!$-B$$3&DEFG&*34&DEEZ&-.$&3():$"&,%&B,)$3&B.,&B$3-&,(-&-,&B,"C&4,(:0$4&%",)&'#@&)#00#,3&-,&
-B$0<$&)#00#,3M&5.#04"$3&B.,'$&)()'&B$3-&,(-&-,&B,"C&B$"$&#3&-.$&)#3,"#-+&#3&-.$&DE\J'M&!+&-.$&
1990s they were in the majority.
In the 1970s it was clear that goods made in British factories cost more than the same things #)A,"-$4&%",)&2,(3-"#$'&,<$"'$*'L&)*#30+&:$2*('$&B*;$'&#3&-.#'&2,(3-"+&B$"$&.#;.$"&-.*3&-.,'$&
abroad. People wanted to pay the least they could for the things they bought so more products were imported. This meant that a lot of British factories had to close down so many people became unemployed.
Many coal mines closed because the need for coal in Britain was no longer as great as it had once :$$3M&K0$2-"#2#-+&B*'&3,B&;$3$"*-$4&:+&A,B$"&'-*-#,3'&:("3#3;&,#0&,"&;*'&%",)&-.$&h,"-.&9$*&,"&#3&
some cases by the use of nuclear energy. Whereas in 1948 most homes were heated by open coal 1"$'&4("#3;&-.$&B#3-$"L&:+&-.$&DEGJ'&),'-&.*4&2$3-"*0&.$*-#3;&A,B$"$4&:+&;*'L&,#0&,"&$0$2-"#2#-+M
The reduced need for coal came at the same time that the workers in the coal mining industry were disagreeing with their bosses. In 1972 the coal miners went on strike, leading to huge problems in British working life, including the temporary introduction of a three­day working week so that electricity could be ‘rationed’.
N3&"$2$3-&+$*"'L&-.$&.(;$&;",B-.&#3&-.$&('$&,%&-$2.3,0,;+&#3&A$,A0$O'&Q,:'&.*'&)$*3-&-.*-&$<$3&
',)$&'$"<#2$&#34('-"+&Q,:'&*"$&'-*"-#3;&-,&:$&0,'-&-,&,-.$"&2,(3-"#$'M&9,)$&!"#-#'.&2,)A*3#$'&
employ people in countries such as India to work in their telephone call centres.
],"$&A$,A0$&2.,'$&-,&:$2,)$&'$0%H$)A0,+$4M&N3&DEfE&,3$&#3&-B$0<$&B,"C$"'&#3&!"#-*#3&B$"$&'$0%H
employed, compared with one in eight in 1998.
12
Connected Earth Founded by BT
Unit 9())*"+&,%&^,)$&c#%$
13
Key Stage 2 History
How home life has changed since 1948
N%&+,(&B$3-&#3-,&*&%*)#0+&.,)$&,%&DEFG&+,(&B,(04&134&*&;"$*-&)*3+&4#%%$"$32$'&2,)A*"$4&-,&*&
.,)$&,%&-,4*+M&k,(&B,(04&A",:*:0+&'*+&-.*-&*&.,)$&,%&-.*-&-#)$&B*'&0$''&2,)%,"-*:0$&-.*3&),4$"3&
.,)$'M&k,(&B,(04&2$"-*#30+&134&%*"&%$B$"&A#$2$'&,%&$0$2-"#2*0&$>(#A)$3-M
U$0$<#'#,3&'$-'&B$"$&<$"+&"*"$&#3&DEFG&.,)$'L&:(-&-,4*+&3$*"0+&$<$"+&.,)$&.*'&*&Un&H&*34&)*3+&
.,)$'&.*<$&),"$&-.*3&,3$L&B.#2.&B,(04&.*<$&:$$3&(3-.#3C*:0$&#3&DEFGM
W("#3;&-.$&'$2,34&B,"04&B*"&7DEZEHDEF\8&*&0,-&,%&B,)$3&B$3-&,(-&-,&B,"C&*-&Q,:'&B.#2.&)#;.-&
A"$<#,('0+&.*<$&:$$3&4,3$&:+&)$3&B.,&.*4&;,3$&,%%&-,&1;.-M&?.$3&-.$&)$3&"$-("3$4&*%-$"&-.$&
war, they went back into their old jobs meaning that there were less opportunities for women to B,"CM&N3&-.$&1%-#$'&-.$"$%,"$L&),'-&B,)$3&'-*+$4&*-&.,)$&0,,C#3;&*%-$"&-.$#"&%*)#0##$'&*34&"(33#3;&
the home itself.
N3&-.$&0*-$&'#@-#$'&*34&'$<$3-#$'L&)*3+&B,)$3&B$3-&,(-&-,&B,"CL&A*"-0+&*'&*&"$'(0-&,%&-.$&B,)$3O'&
0#:$"*-#,3&),<$)$3-M&X,"&)*3+L&;,#3;&,(-&-,&B,"C&4#4&3,-&)$*3&:$#3;&*:0$&-,&$'2*A$&4,)$'-#2&
2.,"$'&*34&2.#04&2*"$M&U,4*+L&)*3+&B,)$3&.*<$&-,&134&B*+'&,%&4$*0#3;&B#-.&:,-.&-.$#"&A*#4&B,"C&
and their domestic work too. The increased demands on women’s time has lead to the introduction ,%&),"$&*34&),"$&0*:,("H'*<#3;&4$<#2$'&*",(34&-.$&.,)$L&*'&B$00&*'&3$B&-+A$'&,%&%,,4M
Cooking in 1948 was nearly always done ‘from scratch’ ­ starting with raw ingredients which would ,%-$3&.*<$&:$$3&A0*#3&*34&:*'#2M&],'-&)$*-L&1'.L&%"(#-&*34&<$;$-*:0$'&',04&#3&'.,A'&2*)$&,"#;#3*00+&
%",)&-.#'&2,(3-"+M&U,4*+O'&'.,A'&*"$&%(00&,%&A",4(2-'&%",)&*00&,<$"&-.$&B,"04M&N3&DEFG&+,(&2,(04&,30+&
:(+&#-$)'&B.$3&-.$+&B$"$&#3&'$*',3M&U.*-&)$*3-&:(+#3;&'*0*4&<$;$-*:0$'&,30+&4("#3;&-.$&'())$"&
for instance.
],'-&%,,4&'.,AA#3;&#3&-.$&DE\J'&B*'&4,3$&%",)&0,2*0&'-,"$'M&N-&B,(04&.*<$&:$$3&>(#-$&3,")*0&-,&
<#'#-&'$A*"*-$&'.,A'&%,"&+,("&:"$*4&7:*C$"'8L&)$*-&7:(-2.$"'8L&<$;$-*:0$'&7;"$$3;",2$"'8L&1'.&
71'.),3;$"'8&$-2M&N3&-.$&DEgJ'&-.$&1"'-&'(A$")*"C$-'&B$"$&:(#0-L&('(*00+&#3&-,B3&2$3-"$'M&h,B&+,(&
2,(04&:(+&*00&+,("&%,,4&#3&,3$&'.,AM&6'&2*"&,B3$"'.#A&:$2*)$&),"$&2,)),3L&'(A$")*"C$-'&;,-&
0*";$"&#3&'#_$&*34&),<$4&-,&-.$&,(-'C#"-'&,%&-,B3'M&U.#'&B*'&:*4&3$B'&%,"&')*00$"&0,2*0&'.,A'L&)*3+&
of which had to close down.
5,)A*"$4&-,&-.$&DE\J'&*34&DEgJ'L&A$,A0$&-,4*+&'A$34&),"$&,%&-.$#"&-#)$&B*-2.#3;&-$0$<#'#,3L&*34&
0$''&,%&-.$#"&-#)$&2,,C#3;&*34&$*-#3;&-,;$-.$"M&N3&-.$&1%-#$'L&2.#04"$3&B$"$&),"$&0#C$0+&-,&A0*+&B#-.&
-.$#"&%"#$34'&H&,%-$3&,(-4,,"'&H&-.*3&-.$+&B,(04&:$&-,4*+M&N3&-.$&DEgJ'L&2.#04"$3&*'&+,(3;&*'&'$<$3&
B$"$&*:0$&-,&-*0C&-,&'2.,,0&B#-.,(-&*3&*4(0-M&n$"+&%$B&2.#04"$3&#34$$4&B$3-&-,&'2.,,0&:+&2*"M&6&0,-&,%&
older ones went by bicycle.
In the 1960s, tower blocks were considered a solution to the housing shortage caused by second B,"04&B*"&4*)*;$&*34&#32"$*'$4&A,A(0*-#,3M&6%-$"&*&B.#0$&#-&B*'&"$*0#'$4&-.*-&-.$'$&B$"$&3,-&
3$2$''*"#0+&*&;,,4&-.#3;&*'&A$,A0$&%$0-&2(-H,%%&B#-.,(-&.*<#3;&3$#;.:,("'&B.,&-.$+&2,(04&-*0C&-,&
,<$"&-.$&;*"4$3&%$32$M
13
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council tenants the opportunity to buy their homes at a discounted price and had the impact of -"*3'%,")#3;&-.$&0#<$'&,%&',)$&,%&-.$&0$*'-&B$00H,%%&#3&',2#$-+M
Connected Earth Founded by BT
Unit 9())*"+&,%&T,A(0*"&5(0-("$
13
Key Stage 2 History
How popular culture has changed since 1948
U.$&'$2,34&B,"04&B*"&7DEZEHDEF\8&.*4&:$$3&*&.*"4&-#)$&%,"&$<$"+,3$M&],3$+L&%,,4&*34&%(3&B$"$&
#3&'.,"-&'(AA0+M&!(-&B.$3&-.$&B*"&B*'&,<$"L&A$,A0$&2,(04&13*00+&:$;#3&-,&$3Q,+&-.$)'$0<$'&*;*#3M
N3&-.$&$*"0+&DE\J'L&%$B&A$,A0$&.*4&-$0$<#'#,3&'$-'&',&),'-&%*)#0#$'O&$3-$"-*#3)$3-&2*)$&%",)&-.$&
"*4#,&7,"&jB#"$0$''O8&,"&-.",(;.&0#'-$3#3;&-,&fG"A)&"$2,"4'&,3&*&;"*),A.,3$M
60-.,(;.&-.$"$&B*'&3,&-$0$<#'#,3&*'&'(2.L&-.$"$&B$"$&'-#00&A0$3-+&,%&10)'&:$#3;&)*4$&*34&A$,A0$&
went to the cinema much more often then they do today.
N3&-.$&DE\J'&+,(3;&A$,A0$&:$2*)$&C3,B3&*'&j-$$3*;$"'O&%,"&-.$&1"'-&-#)$&*34&:$2*('$&-.$+&.*4&
their own money they began dressing how they wanted to, rather than copying the look of their A*"$3-'M&X",)&-.$3&(3-#0&3,B&-.$"$&.*'&:$$3&*&2.*#3&,%&4#%%$"$3-&-$$3*;$&-"$34'L&B.#2.&.*<$&
('(*00+&#3<,0<$4&%*'.#,3&7*&A*"-#2(0*"&'-+0$&,%&4"$''#3;8&*34&)('#2M
],'-&A$,A0$&.*4&-.$#"&1"'-&[email protected]$"#$32$&,%&B*-2.#3;&-$0$<#'#,3&,3&-.$&!!5&#3&DE\Z&B.$3&/($$3&
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Football has been popular in Britain throughout the decades since 1948 but was particularly so B.$3&K3;0*34&B,3&-.$&?,"04&5(A&#3&DEgg&:+&:$*-#3;&?$'-&b$")*3+&#3&-.$&13*0&B.#2.&B*'&.$04&*-&
?$):0$+&9-*4#()M
a3$&,%&-.$&;"$*-$'-&2.*3;$'&#3&!"#-*#3&'#32$&DEFG&.*'&:$$3&#3&.,B&*22$A-*:0$&#-&B*'&%,"&A$,A0$&-,&
[email protected]"$''&-.$#"&,B3&#34#<#4(*0#-+M&N3&DEFG&A$,A0$&-$34$4&-,&j2,3%,")O&H&-.$+&B$"$&2,3-$3-&-,&4"$''L&
:$.*<$&*34&-.#3C&Q('-&0#C$&$<$"+,3$&$0'$M
W("#3;&-.$&DEgJ'&#3&A*"-#2(0*"L&'$0%[email protected]"$''#,3&:$2*)$&),"$&*34&),"$&*22$A-*:0$M&9(44$30+&+,(&
could be the person you wanted to be, and this lead to enormous changes in the way that artists A*#3-$4L&)('#2#*3'&2,)A,'$4L&B"#-$"'&B",-$&*34&10)&4#"$2-,"'&)*4$&),<#$'&%,"&[email protected]*)A0$M
Popular culture has changed a lot as the population of Britain has changed. Immigrants from the ?$'-&N34#$'&:",(;.-&"$;;*$&)('#2&B#-.&-.$)M&!"#-#'.&:,"3&6'#*3'&#3&-.$&DEEJ'&A,A(0*"#'$4&!.*3;"*&
music.
9,&*'&B$00&*'&"$A"$'$3-#3;&*&-#)$&,%&#32"$*'$4&'$0%&[email protected]"$''#,3L&A,A(0*"&2(0-("$&.*'&:$2,)$&*&0,-&
"#2.$"&:$2*('$&,%&-.$&)*3+&#3V($32$'&B.#2.&.*<$&2,)$&%",)&,-.$"&2,(3-"#$'M
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3$B&B*+'M&9,2#*0&3$-B,"C#3;&B$:'#-$'&'(2.&*'&]+9A*2$L&X*2$:,,C&*34&!$:,&)$*3-&A$,A0$&2,(04&
keep up with friends they already had, as well as making new ones. Many of the most popular -$0$<#'#,3&A",;"*))$'L&'(2.&*'&!#;&!",-.$"L&pHX*2-,"&*34&9-"#2-0+&5,)$&W*32#3;&B$"$&j"$*0#-+&UnO&
shows starring ordinary members of the public.
14
Connected Earth Founded by BT
Unit 9())*"+&,%&T,A(0*-#,3
13
Key Stage 2 History
How the population has changed since 1948
!$-B$$3&DEFG&*34&DEEf&-.$&A,A(0*-#,3&,%&!"#-*#3&",'$&%",)&Ff&)#00#,3&-,&\G&)#00#,3M&60-.,(;.&*&
0,-&,%&A$,A0$&),<$4&-,&!"#-*#3&7#))#;"*-$48&4("#3;&-.#'&-#)$L&#-&#'&*0',&-"($&-.*-&)*3+&),<$4&%",)&
!"#-*#3&7$)#;"*-$48&-,&,-.$"&2,(3-"#$'M
^,B$<$"L&-.$&:#;;$'-&'#3;0$&"$*',3&%,"&-.$&#32"$*'#3;&A,A(0*-#,3&#'&-.*-&A$,A0$&0#<$&0,3;$"&-,4*+&
-.*3&-.$+&4#4&#3&-.$&DEFJ'L&)*#30+&:$2*('$&,%&*4<*32$'&#3&)$4#2*0&2*"$M&N3&DEg\&Q('-&Fm&,%&-.$&
A,A(0*-#,3&B$"$&*;$4&f\&,"&,<$"M&!+&DEEf&-.#'&.*4&3$*"0+&4,(:0$4&-,&fm&,%&-.$&A,A(0*-#,3M
X,00,B#3;&-.$&'$2,34&B,"04&B*"&7DEZEHDEF\8&!"#-*#3&3$$4$4&),"$&B,"C$"'&',&*&2*)A*#;3&B*'&'$-&
(A&-,&$32,("*;$&A$,A0$&%",)&!"#-#'.&5,)),3B$*0-.&2,(3-"#$'&-,&),<$&-,&-.#'&2,(3-"+M&]*3+&A$,A0$&
%",)&-.$&?$'-&N34#$'&*34&N34#*L&B.,&B$"$&0$;*00+&$3-#-0$4&-,&0#<$&#3&!"#-*#3L&),<$4&.$"$&A*"-#2(0*"0+&
-,&B,"C&*'&:('&4"#<$"'&*34&2,34(2-,"'L&,"&#3&-.$&.,-$0&#34('-"+M
By the 1950s racism was widespread in Britain. Those who had been born in this country were "$'$3-%(0&,%&-.$&3$B&#))#;"*3-'L&$<$3&-.,(;.&-.$+&.*4&),'-0+&:$$3&#3<#-$4&-,&!"#-*#3&-,&4,&Q,:'&
that nobody else wished to do.
Beginning in the 1960s, race relations laws were brought in to being to make it illegal to discriminate against people because of their nationality.
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.*4&:$$3&%,"2$4&-,&0$*<$&-.$&6%"#2*3&2,(3-"#$'&,%&i$3+*&*34&`;*34*M
Emigration from Britain was at its height in the 1970s and 1980s when thousands of families left to '-*"-&*&3$B&0#%$&#3&2,(3-"#$'&'(2.&*'&6('-"*0#*L&h$B&o$*0*34&*34&9,(-.&6%"#2*M
9,,3&*%-$"&-.$&'$2,34&B,"04&B*"L&B.$3&)$3&"$-("3$4&-,&!"#-*#3&*%-$"&1;.-#3;&*:",*4L&)*3+&:*:#$'&
were born ­ a period known as the ‘baby boom’.
!+&-.$&DEgJ'&B.$3&-.$&B,)$3&j:*:+H:,,)$"'O&.*4&-.$)'$0<$'&"$*2.$4&2.#04H:$*"#3;&*;$L&*3,-.$"&
large number of babies were born. Then in the 1980s, the baby boomers’ children were old enough -,&.*<$&-.$#"&,B3&2.#04"$3L&',&-.$"$&B*'&*3,-.$"&A$*C&#3&2.#04"$3&:$#3;&:,"3M
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was counterbalanced by a larger number of people who immigrated here. In 1948 there were less -.$3&*&)#00#,3&A$,A0$&%",)&,-.$"&2,(3-"#$'&0#<#3;&#3&!"#-*#3M&!+&DEEJ&3$*"0+&'#@&)#00#,3&A$,A0$&#3&
!"#-*#3&B$"$&,%&3,3HB.#-$&,"&)#@$4&"*2$M
15
Connected Earth Founded by BT
Unit 9())*"+&,%&U$2.3,0,;+
13
Key Stage 2 History
How technology has changed since 1948
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:$;#33#3;&,%&-.#'&A$"#,4L&*&>(*"-$"&,%&*00&!"#-#'.&.,)$'&.*4&3,&)*#3'&$0$2-"#2#-+&*34&-.$"$&B$"$&,30+&
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2,'-&'2*"2$0+&*3+-.#3;&2,)A*"$4&-,&-.$&A"#2$&,%&*&DE\J'&2,)A(-$"L&+$-&$*2.&#'&<$"+&)(2.&),"$&
powerful than its historic ancestor.
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in the form of telegrams or calls could be made using a payphone. In the 1960s, although more families had phones it wasn’t possible to dial a number in another country yourself. Instead, an ,A$"*-,"&B,(04&2,33$2-&+,(L&*34&2*00'&B$"$&<$"+&[email protected]$3'#<$M
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that decade a small number of them were connected to the Internet.
The 1990s saw further great changes. Mobile phones became smaller, cheaper and more popular. U.$&N3-$"3$-&B$3-&%",)&:$#3;&*&-,,0&-.*-&*&%$B&A$,A0$&[email protected]$"#)$3-$4&B#-.L&-,&*3&#)A,"-*3-&A*"-&,%&
people’s daily life.
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information.
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:$--$"L&',&),"$&A$,A0$&*4,A-&-.*-&A*"-#2(0*"&#3<$3-#,3M&?$&>(#2C0+&-*C$&-$2.3,0,;+&%,"&;"*3-$4&*34&
%,";$-&-.*-&-.#3;'&B$"$&<$"+&4#%%$"$3-&3,-&',&0,3;&*;,M
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stations were also introduced. In the 1990s people got more worried about the effects of pollution and the possibility of accidents arising from the use of nuclear energy so greater focus was placed ,3&;$3$"*-#3;&$0$2-"#2#-+&%",)&"$3$B*:0$&',("2$'&'(2.&*'&',0*"L&B#34&*34&B*-$"&7.+4",H$0$2-"#2#-+8M
6-&-.$&'-*"-&,%&-.$&ID'-&2$3-("+L&:",*4:*34&#3-$"3$-&2,33$2-#,3'&)*4$&#-&A,''#:0$&-,&B*-2.&<#4$,&
,30#3$M&9#-$'&'(2.&*'&k,(U(:$&*34&-.$&!!5&#T0*+$"&:$2*)$&A,A(0*"L&*34&A$,A0$&B$"$&*0',&),"$&
*34&),"$&0#C$0+&-,&:(+&)('#2&,30#3$&-.*3&-.$+&B$"$&-,&<#'#-&*&"$2,"4&'-,"$M&?#H1&#3&A$,A0$O'&.,)$'&
meant they could connect to the internet wirelessly.
16
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done so.
Connected Earth Founded by BT
Unit 9(;;$'-#,3'&%,"&),"$&4$-*#0$4&>($'-#,3'
13
Key Stage 2 History
9(AA,"-&%,"&-.$&$3>(#"+
T,''#:0$&>($'-#,3'
Working life
R& ^,B&.*<$&-.$&0#<$'&,%&B,)$3&:$$3&2.*3;$4&:+&B,"Cq
R Why is there much less manufacturing in Britain today than there was in 1948?
R Why were there strikes in the 1970s?
R How has technology changed the world of work?
R What sort of work has replaced manufacturing?
R& ?.*-&-+A$'&,%&B,"C&#3&!"#-*#3&.*<$&:$$3&0,'-&-,&,-.$"&2,(3-"#$'q
R What was life like for a woman who stayed at home as a housewife in the 1960s rather than going out to work?
Home life
R How has the way that people eat changed?
R& ?.*-&.*'&2.*3;$4&#3&-.$&B*+'&-.*-&A$,A0$&$3-$"-*#3&-.$)'$0<$'&*-&.,)$q
R In what ways has shopping changed since 1948?
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R Why do you think children in the past played in different ways than they do today?
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supermarkets?
Popular culture
R Why do you think so many less people go to the cinema today than they did in 1948?
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R& ?.+&.*<$&4#%%$"$3-&-+A$'&,%&)('#2&*34&%*'.#,3&;,3$&#3&*34&,(-&,%&A,A(0*"#-+q
R& ^,B&.*'&-$0$<#'#,3&2.*3;$4&0#%$&#3&!"#-*#3q
R& ?.*-&B,(04&0#%$&.*<$&:$$3&0#C$&:$%,"$&-.$"$&B*'&Unq
R What was it like in Britain when England won the World Cup in 1966?
17
Connected Earth Founded by BT
Unit 9(;;$'-#,3'&%,"&),"$&4$-*#0$4&>($'-#,3'
13
Key Stage 2 History
9(AA,"-&%,"&-.$&$3>(#"+
Population
R What was Windrush? When did it happen?
R& ?.+&B$"$&A$,A0$&%",)&-.$&6%"#2*3&5*"#::$*3&#3<#-$4&-,&!"#-*#3q
R& ?.*-&2,3-"#:(-#,3'&.*<$&-.$+L&*34&,-.$"&;",(A'L&)*4$&-,&0#%$&#3&!"#-*#3q
R Why is the population of Britain growing?
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R Where did they go?
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Technology
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R& ?.*-&4#%%$"$3-&-+A$'&,%&-$2.3,0,;+&%,"&0#'-$3#3;&-,&"$2,"4$4&)('#2&.*<$&-.$"$&:$$3&'#32$&DEFGq
R How was life different before the Internet?
R Why has the need for public payphones reduced so much?
R What types of message were sent by telegram?
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Links and connections
R What changes in work led to changes in the population?
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R How did changes in technology lead to changes in food?
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R What changes in popular culture led to changes in types of work people do?
18
Connected Earth Founded by BT
Unit Transcripts and discussion topics
13
Key Stage 2 History
Voices from history ­ 1
Patrick
Hello. My name is Patrick and I’m calling you from the year 1968. I was born in Notting Hill in London in 1958 which makes me ten years old. My mum and dad weren’t born in this country though ­ they came here from Jamaica in the West Indies a few years before they had me. My dad #'&*&:('&4"#<$"&%,"&c,34,3&U"*3'A,"-M&]+&)()&4,$'3O-&"$*00+&B,"CM&9.$&'*+'&-.*-&B.$3&-.$+&B$"$&
my age in Jamaica, they were taught at school that Britain was their ‘mother country’ ­ and the /($$3&B*'&-.$#"&/($$3M&U.$+&0$*"3$4&*:,(-&!"#-#'.&.#'-,"+L&',&-.$+&B$"$&[email protected]#-$4&-,&2,)$&.$"$&-,&
0#<$M&9,)$-#)$'L&-.,(;.L&-.$+&*"$3O-&',&.*AA+M&9,)$-#)$'&N&-.#3C&-.$&K3;0#'.&A$,A0$&4,3O-&"$*00+&
0#C$&('&:$2*('$&B$O"$&:0*2CM&9,)$&A$,A0$&'*+&B$O"$&0*_+&*34&4,3O-&B,"C&:(-&-.*-O'&3,-&-"($M&]+&4*4&
works really hard on the buses, and my mum works just as hard looking after me and my sisters, and keeping our house looking nice. My best friend John at school, though, he’s different. I like him. He says that underneath we’re all the same. It really doesn’t matter what colour your skin is. ?.$3&N&;",B&(A&N&B*3-&-,&:$&*3&*'-",3*(-M&[email protected]&+$*"&-.$&6)$"#2*3'&.,A$&-,&0*34&)$3&,3&-.$&),,3&
*34&-.*-O'&B.$"$&N&B*3-&-,&;,&B.$3&NO)&,04$"M&]+&%*<,("#-$&-,+&#'&-.$&9A*2$.,AA$"M&N-O'&,"*3;$&B#-.&
ears that you hold on to, and you sit on it and bounce around. It’s great fun! Well, it’s been nice talking to you. Bye for now!
Questions to follow up with
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you know today who is in the same situation?
R& &^,B&B,(04&+,(&.*<$&%$0-&*:,(-&!"#-*#3&#%&+,(O4&:$$3&-,04&#-&B*'&*&B,34$"%(0&2,(3-"+&:(-&+,(O4&
3$<$"&<#'#-$4&#-q
R& ?.*-&B,(04&#-&.*<$&%$0-&0#C$&%,"&T*-"#2CL&-,&-.#3C&-.*-&A$,A0$&4#43O-&0#C$&.#)q
R Why do you think Patrick wanted to be an astronaut? Would that be a popular ambition for children today?
R& ?,(04&)*3+&2.#04"$3&-,4*+&'*+&-.*-&*&-,+&0#C$&*&9A*2$.,AA$"&B*'&-.$#"&%*<,("#-$q&?.+&3,-q
19
Connected Earth Founded by BT
Unit Transcripts and discussion topics
13
Key Stage 2 History
Voices from history – 2
Penny
Hello,&)+&3*)$&#'&T$33+&*34&NO)&2*00#3;&+,(&%",)&)+&h*3O'&A.,3$&#3&-.$&+$*"&DE\ZM&?$&4,3O-&
.*<$&*&-$0$A.,3$&,%&,("&,B3&:(-&h*3&'*#4&N&2*3&('$&.$"'&',&0,3;&*'&N&4,3O-&-*0C&%,"&-,,&0,3;M&NO)&
,3&.,0#4*+&%",)&'2.,,0&*-&-.$&),)$3-M&?$&0#<$&#3&*&A0*2$&2*00$4&9,(-.$34H,3H9$*&#3&K''[email protected]&*34&
-.#'&+$*"&.*'&:$$3&-.$&),'-&[email protected]#-#3;&+$*"&,%&)+&0#%$&'#32$&N&B*'&:,"3&-$3&+$*"'&*;,M&N&B*'&:,"3&
4("#3;&-.$&B*"&:(-&N&4,3O-&"$*00+&"$)$):$"&<$"+&)(2.&*:,(-&-.*-M&U.$&-.#3;&N&B*'&),'-&[email protected]#-$4&
about though was last month when the new Queen was crowned. Best of all, my family watched #-&,3&)+&h*3O'&3$B&-$0$<#'#,3&'$-M&9.$&#'&-.$&,30+&A$"',3&#3&.$"&'-"$$-&-,&.*<$&*&'$-M&N-O'&*&E&#32.&
]*"2,3#L&B#-.&>(#-$&*&')*00&A#2-("$&B.#2.&0,,C$4&*&:#-&:",B3L&:(-&#-&B*'&'-#00&)*;#2*0&-,&'$$&-.$&
/($$3&2",B3$4M&9.$O'&I\L&+,(3;$"&-.*3&)+&)()r&c,-'&,%&A$,A0$&B$"$&*-&)+&h*3O'&-,&B*-2.&#-&
*34&B$&.*4&'*34B#2.$'&*34&0$),3*4$M&6&B$$C&0*-$"&B$&*00&B$3-&-,&-.$&a4$,3&2#3$)*&#3&-.$&^#;.&
9-"$$-&*34&*34&B*-2.$4&#-&*;*#3L&,30+&-.#'&-#)$&#-&B*'&#3&2,0,("r&?.$3&N&;",B&(A&NO)&;,#3;&-,&)*""+&
*&3#2$&)*3&*34&.*<$&-B,&2.#04"$3&H&*&:,+&*34&*&;#"0&N&.,A$M&]+&%*<,("#-$&-,+&#'&)+&4,00O'&.,('$L&
B.#2.&)+&`320$&U$4&)*4$&%,"&)$M&600&-.$&",,)'&*"$&B*00HA*A$"$4&*34&.$&)*4$&0#--0$&%("3#-("$&-,&;,&
#3&#-&-,,M&60-.,(;.&N&4,3O-&"$)$):$"&-.$&B*"&NO)&"$*00+&;0*4&#-O'&,<$"M&NO)&"$*00+&0,,C#3;&%,"B*"4&-,&
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pointing at the clock. Bye!
Questions to follow up with
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to work?
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R What was the reason for Penny needing to keep her call short? Why did her Nan want her to get off the phone?
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20
Connected Earth Founded by BT
Unit Web Quest
13
Key Stage 2 History
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It is a way of combining ICT into your history lessons, and will encourage children to look through a ',("2$&,%&#3%,")*-#,3&#3&,"4$"&-,&[email protected]"*2-&*&'A$2#12&*3'B$"M&U.$+O00&*0',&:$2,)$&),"$&A",12#$3-&B#-.&
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their place’ along with all their answers to date.
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children to swap with each other and score them that way instead.
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21
Connected Earth Founded by BT
Unit Web Quest Questionaire
13
Key Stage 2 History
k,("&2.*32$&-,&:$2,)$&*& -#)$&4$-$2-#<$r&
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time was released in 1948. It was called were organised to celebrate the Queen’s j9A"#3;&N3&T*"C&c*3$OM&
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What was the name of the How many were reported in ‘formidable housekeeper’?
London?
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In 1985, 1.5 billion people around the world 6",(34&U.$&50,2CO&#'&'*#4&-,&:$&-.$&"$2,"4&
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that started rock and roll in 1954. from London and Philadelphia. How many copies is it estimated What is the connection between the were sold?
artist who played at 15.35 & the one who played at 01.04 the next day?
‘Please Please Me’ was the Beatles’ ^$0$3&9.*")*3&B*'&-.$&1"'-&!"#-#'.&
1"'-&3():$"&,3$&',3;L&#3&DEgZM
person to go into space, in 1991.
But what was its highest For which sweet company did position in the American charts?
she work before she became an astronaut?
England won the World Cup in U.$&DEEg&a0+)A#2&b*)$'&B$"$&
1966. .$04&#3&6-0*3-*&#3&-.$&`96M&
What was the name of the Who broke the world record for team’s manager?
the 200m?
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The Millennium Dome was opened for S(''#*3&!,"#'&9A*''C+&#3&*&2.$''&2,)A$-#-#,3&
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of The Century. 22
In which country did it take place?
Connected Earth Founded by BT
!"#$"%&'()*+%*,-$#.//0%*&'+'1%#23
Unit ?$:&/($'-&63'B$"'
13
Key Stage 2 History
?$:&>($'-&*3'B$"'
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4,000
25 million
Phil Collins
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Mars
60%&S*)'$+
Michael Johnson
Iceland
23
Connected Earth Founded by BT
The Queen
Unit 9(AA,"-&'.$$-
13
Key Stage 2 History
9(AA,"-&%,"&*&A$"',3&<#'#-#3;&*&'2.,,0&
to talk about life since 1948
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help them learn about how life in Britain has changed since 1948.
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children you’re going to meet.
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hasn’t, please ask the school secretary to help you. Primary school teachers are with their classes *00&4*+L&B.#2.&2*3&)*C$&#-&4#%12(0-&%,"&-.$)&-,&:$&*<*#0*:0$&,3&-.$&A.,3$8M
R What time does the class start?
R How long will it run?
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R How many children are in the class you’ll be meeting?
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will also feel more comfortable referring to you in the same way, so enjoy the feeling of importance as you’re addressed a little more formally than you may be used to.
‘How has life in Britain changed since 1948?’ is part of the National Curriculum designed for 2.#04"$3&#3&$#-.$"&k$*"&\&,"&k$*"&gL&-.$&0*'-&-B,&+$*"'&,%&-.$&%,("&-.*-&),'-&2.#04"$3&'A$34&*-&
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should talk to them. Children at school are used to being treated in a fairly grown­up way, so you 24
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Connected Earth Founded by BT
Unit 9(AA,"-&'.$$-
13
Key Stage 2 History
k,("&20*''&B#00&.*<$&:$$3&0$*"3#3;&*:,(-&2.*3;$'&#3&!"#-#'.&0#%$&*2",''&1<$&:",*4&*"$*'=
R Working life
R Home life
R Popular culture
R Population structure
R Technology
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you a great deal, and which is also likely to intrigue them. Here are some ideas to get you going. 60),'-&2$"-*#30+&-.$+&B#00&'A*"C&,%%&-.,(;.-'&,%&+,("&,B3M&!+&-.$&B*+L&#-O'&:$--$"&-,&-*0C&*:,(-&,3$&
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Working life
5.#04"$3&-,4*+&*"$&0#C$0+&-,&.*<$&-.$#"&,B3&2,)A(-$"&H&:(-&#3&-.$&DE\J'&*34&DEgJ'&-.$"$&B$"$&
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operated by people in white coats.
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What was it like? What were your dreams and aspirations? Can you remember people needing to "$H-"*#3&',&-.$+&2,(04&),<$&%",)&)*3(%*2-("#3;&-,&'$"<#2$&#34('-"#$'&A$".*A'q
Home life
Food shopping has changed beyond all recognition. Do you remember shopping from local stores, :$%,"$&-.$&#3<$3-#,3&,%&'(A$")*"C$-'q&?.*-&B*'&;,,4&*:,(-&-.*-q&?$"$&-.$"$&*3+&4#'*4<*3-*;$'q
Few families today sit down to eat together. Can you remember doing that? How did the food that families ate in those days differ from what’s eaten today?
Popular culture
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2.*3;$4&,<$"&-.$&+$*"'L&#3&+,("&<#$Bq
Can you remember a time when there wasn’t much pop music on the radio? It wasn’t until the '#@-#$'&-.*-&S*4#,&D&'-*"-$4M&N%&+,(&('$4&-,&:(+&"$2,"4'L&B.*-&B$"$&-.$+&0#C$&7$M;M&fGL&F\L&cT8&*34&
what did you play them on?
Population structure
Most schools today are full of children from many cultural backgrounds. Was it like that when you were at school? If not, how did it differ?
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:$2*('$&,%&:$--$"&.$*0-.&2*"$&*34&*4<*32$'&#3&)$4#2*0&-$2.3,0,;+M&k$*"'&*;,L&)*3+&.,'A#-*0'&B$"$&
25
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what they were like?
Connected Earth Founded by BT
Unit 9(AA,"-&'.$$-
13
Key Stage 2 History
Technology
h$*"0+&$<$"+&.,)$&.*'&*&Un&'$-&-.$'$&4*+'L&*34&2,0,("&A",;"*))$'&*"$&'.,B3L&,3&)*3+&2.*33$0'L&
around the clock. In the early 1950s there was just one station, the BBC, which showed black *34&B.#-$&A",;"*))$'&,30+&#3&-.$&$<$3#3;'L&13#'.#3;&*-&DDA)&B#-.&-.$&3*-#,3*0&*3-.$)M&W,&+,(&
remember that? What was it like?
`3-#0&-.$&DEGJ'L&)*C#3;&*&A.,3$&2*00&*B*+&%",)&.,)$&)$*3-&('#3;&*&A*+A.,3$M&5.#04"$3&.*4&-,&
0$*"3&.,B&-,&('$&!(--,3&6&*34&!(--,3&!&#3&2*'$&-.$+&$<$"&3$$4$4&-,&)*C$&*&2*00M&W,&+,(&"$)$):$"&
using payphones? What was it like before people had mobile phones?
Final thoughts
R& &W,&-.#3C&*:,(-&-*C#3;&',)$&A",A'&B#-.&+,(&H&A$".*A'&*3&,04&-$0$A.,3$L&,"&*3&,04&"$2,"4&'0$$<$L&
or an old school photograph.
R& K<$3&:$--$"&#%&+,("&A",A&#'&',)$-.#3;&-.*-&2*3&:$&A*''$4&*",(34&-.$&20*''M
R& &S$)$):$"L&4,3O-&:$&3$"<,('&H&$3Q,+&+,("&2.*32$&-,&A*''&,3&+,("&[email protected]$"#$32$&-,&-.$&2#-#_$3'&,%&
tomorrow.
R& &U"$*-&-.$&[email protected]$"#$32$&*'&-.,(;.&+,(O"$&-$00#3;&*&'-,"+=&2.#04"$3&0,<$&0#--0$&4$-*#0'&*34&B#00&
remember them.
R Catch the eyes of as many children as you can, and smile a lot.
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*3'B$"'&-,&0#%$&B#-.&[email protected]*)A0$'&%",)&+,("&,B3&[email protected]$"#$32$'M
26
Connected Earth Founded by BT
1948 – 2008 News Events Summary
1940s
1950s
1960s
1970s
1948
1953
1962
Radio Luxembourg, the only source for popular music, launched its hit parade
Queen Elizabeth II crowned at Westminster
First communications ;1#*+9$<(<$
satellite Telstar is Jumbo Jet entered launched
commercial service
1954
1963
First transistor radio went on sale in America
Beatlemania started The computer mouse when ‘She Loves You’ was patented
sells a million
1954
1966
Roger Bannister ran !"#$%&'!$($)*+,!#$
mile
England won the World Cup at Wembley (93,800 in !"#$/&1204
1948
Empire Windrush brings people from the Caribbean beginning large scale immigration to Britain
1948
1955
National Health Service began
Commercial television started
1948
1957
Olympic Games held in Britain
Soviet Union -.,+/"#0$!"#$%&'!$
satellite
1967
1958
1969
1967
Colour television started in Britain
5"#$%&'!$".+06"#-0$
calculator developed
Silicon chip invented, ARPANET, the making computers forerunner of the smaller
Internet connected ($/1)7,!#&'$*+$!"#$
1959
USA
M1 motorway 1969
opened (Britain’s %&'!$)1!1&2.34
First landing on the moon
1969
5#'!$8*9"!$:1&$;&*!*'"$
Concorde
1970
1970
1971
1980s
1990s
2000s
1981
1990
2000
IBM PC was launched
Poll Tax riots in London
Air France Concorde crashed in Paris
1991
2001
World Wide Web %&'!$.B.*-.=-#$!1$!"#$
public
Terrorists destroyed World Trade Center in New York
1981
Prince of Wales married Lady Diana Spencer
1982
>[email protected][email protected]"#:%#-0$'.+A$
during the Falklands War
1994
2002
Decimal coinage introduced
Sony Playstation launched
Queen Mother died
1974
1983
1994
First videogame console from Atari allowed play of one game – Pong
CDs on sale for the %&'!$!*)#
Channel Tunnel opened
England won the Rugby World Cup
1984
1994
Apple Macintosh launched in the US
National Lottery started
1985
1995
First version of Microsoft Windows was launched
National telephone codes changed on Phoneday
1985
1998
EastEnders started
Funeral of Diana, Princess of Wales
1977
Queen celebrated her Silver Jubilee
1977
Margaret Thatcher =#/.)#$%&'!$21).+$
Prime Minister
1978
VHS video recorder went on sale
1979
Sony began selling the Walkman personal stereo
1985
Live Aid concert raising funds for Africa
1986
Reactor at Chernobyl nuclear power station exploded
2003
2005
Live 8 concert
2005
London chosen to host 2012 Olympics
2005
Terrorists attacked trains and a bus in London
2006
Many killed in Mumbai terrorist attacks
2007
Gordon Brown became Prime Minister
2008
Barack Obama became US President
27
Connected Earth Founded by BT
222C/1++#/!#06#.&!"C/1)
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