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BANDSTAND
The quarterly newsletter of the Malvern Civic Society
Volume 56 No. 3
June 2014
Cartwright Court wins Malvern Civic Award for 2014
John Dixon
The Award Committee of Malvern
Civic Society has been visiting
nominations for this year’s award.
This is the twentieth year in which
new and renovated buildings
have been considered. This year
there were three nominations –
Cartwright Court, the McCarthy
Cartwright Court
and Stone development between
Victoria Road and Albert Road
North; Holywell Chapel in Malvern
Wells; and a former Fives Court
behind No 3, College Grove.
Cartwright Court, named after
the inspirational architect who
devised the scheme but died
before it was finished, is a large
new development of 54 retirement
homes providing what McCarthy
and Stone describe as ‘independent
living with a helping hand’. The
dignified exterior of the three
residential buildings with their
Italianate towers impressed the
committee, as did the relaxed,
spacious character inside the
central communal rooms.
Holywell Chapel began life as the
chapel of Wells House Preparatory
School in Holywell Road. It was a
corrugated iron ‘Tin Tabernacle’,
erected from a pre-fabricated kit
in 1904. When the school closed,
the unused chapel soon became
derelict and demolition seemed the
likeliest
outcome. It was
saved by Steve Dodd
of Elevate Design,
who says that he
has a fatal attraction
to unusual and
unloved buildings.
Whilst keeping the
character of the old
chapel, Steve and his design team
converted the main house into
apartments, reckons that it is one
of only two Fives Courts in private
ownership. However, it had not
been used for many years and was
fast deteriorating. He has turned it
into a lovely little bijou apartment
with all mod cons – perfect for a
young couple.
The Award Committee was faced
with an impossible task. How
could such totally different projects
be compared? Our hearts were
inclined to choose little Holywell
Chapel with its intoxicating
mixture of glorious site, heritage
preservation and inspired modern
adaptation. Yet our heads chose
huge Cartwright Court. The Award
is, after all, a Civic Award which
implies that it should reward
good design which has an impact
on the town. The committee
felt that Cartwright Court has
already had a major influence
Holywell Chapel
Photograph by Jan Sedlacek; www.digitlight.co.uk or www.facebook.com/Digitlight
of Worcester architects Boughton
Butler and structural engineer Peter
Barnsley, have transformed it into a
stunning modern home. The site is
remarkable and the view from the
living room over the vast panorama
below is unforgettable.
The former Fives Court is an
interesting survival. Fives was (and
still is) a handball game played by
boarding school boys following
rules established either at Eton or
Rugby. Tom Harris, who has already
in improving the character of a
whole area of Malvern and that it
would probably continue to do so
for the next century. Cartwright
Court is therefore the winner and
we congratulate the McCarthy
and Stone team of Construction
Director Tim Lightfoot, Contract
Manager Richard Courtney and Site
Manager Keith West.
The winner’s plaque will be
presented as part of the Malvern
Civic Week programme in July.
www.malverncivicsociety.org.uk
Malvern Civic Society
From the Chairman
Clive Hooper
It is a busy time for the Society. A
host of events are coming up in
June in our Civic Week programme.
(This year, as we know, there is an
Edwardian theme, and some of us
are even proposing to dress up in
moderately authentic costume for
the parade from Church Street to
Barnard’s Green: I am sure it will
be a sight to behold!) Outings and
local visits are well under way, and
there is much for us to monitor and
pursue with planning
issues. Meanwhile, the
Friends of Malvern’s
Cemeteries and the
Friends of Malvern’s
Railway groups are
actively continuing with
their restoration projects,
including exciting
possibilities for the
rebuilding of Great Malvern Station’s
clock tower.
In the last edition of Bandstand,
mention was made of the
community’s right to nominate
buildings and land as Assets of
Community Value (ACVs), and since
then – as our press release reported
-- submissions have been made
both for The Grange and for the old
Community Hospital to be listed as
ACVs. I have been greatly encouraged
by the expressions of support from
within the Society and beyond for
our action on these two important
properties, and particularly The
Grange.
The Grange is actually owned by
Malvern Hills District Council and, as
it happens, has now just been offered
for sale. We are, therefore, discussing
with the Council the possibility of a
Community Asset Transfer (CAT).
If we do manage to secure The
Grange for the community, there
will be much work to be done in
establishing which community
groups might wish to use the
premises, in drawing up a
business and fund-raising
plan, and then in setting
up an appropriate body
to administer the building
and its use. Anyone in the
Society, therefore, who has
had previous experience
in putting together such
plans and bidding for
grants, and who would be willing to
join us, would be greatly welcomed
in this important work. Please let me
know if you think you may be able
to help.
This brings me to thoughts
about the Executive Committee
membership and the AGM in
November. We should greatly
welcome more help from members
in all our many different activities. So,
if you feel able to give some of your
time, do speak to me or any member
of the Executive Committee.
Notes from the
Membership Secretary
We welcome the following new
members:
Robin Brighton
Paul Eyton-Jones
David Lawrence
Iain McKay
Diana and Roger Morgan
Sue Orgill
Sally Pointer
Ralph and Penny Ward
Email addresses - We are
grateful to the many members
who have provided an
email address for routine
correspondence, circulars etc.
If you do have email and have
not yet notified the Society of
your address please consider
doing so.
Also please inform us of any
changes to contact details;
address, phone number, email
addresses etc.
Details can be passed to
me or to any member of the
Committee.
Philip Robinson
[email protected]
01684 893490
THE BOARDING SCHOOLS OF MALVERN
In this issue________________
May Place, Southlea, Lawnside, Scarborough House…Society
Civic Society Award
1
member Iain MacLeod is working on a university dissertation
From the Chairman
2
Confusion in local planning
3
Civic Week 2014
4
Edwardian Malvern
4
An Edwardian house
5
about the boarding schools which flourished in Malvern in the late
nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. He is looking into the sort
of children who went to these schools, the people who owned them
and taught in them and the sort of education they offered, to girls as
well as to boys. The archivist at Malvern St James is already giving
invaluable support, but if any members of the Society know of
documents which might help with this research – school magazines
News from Malvern cemetery 6
Great Malvern Priory’s bells 7
or prospectuses, for example – Iain would be delighted to hear from
Malvern’s Railway Group
7
them on 01684 575317 or [email protected]
Forthcoming events
8
2
BANDSTAND June 2014
Confusion in local planning
Bob Tilley
Bob Tilley at Hayslan Fields
With permission of Worcester News
Recent local newspaper reports
about the proposed development at
Hayslan Fields must leave Malvern
residents very confused. The local
planning authority, Malvern Hills
District Council, has designated
the area as an Urban Green Space
in the current Local Plan, and in
the emerging South Worcester
Development Plan (SWDP). The
land is owned by Malvern St
James School which wishes to
sell it and use part of the funds
for a bursary scheme to support
local children, but generations of
Malvern residents have used the
15.5 acre open space for leisure
and recreational purposes. Now a
development company, Barwood,
has come forward with a plan for
150 houses and Bob Tilley, Chairman
of the Civic Society Planning SubCommittee, is adamant that the
development should be opposed by
MHDC.
“This land,” said Bob recently, “has
been used by the public for decades
as open space and there is a lot
of resentment at the prospect of
having it developed, as the packed
public meeting held on 20th May
demonstrated very clearly. However,
our main worry is that if MHDC
refuse the plans, the developer
will appeal and get a decision in
his favour, as has happened with
several other local sites in recent
months”.
The background to this is long
and complicated. Local councils
have been too tardy in developing
their local plans as required by
the Government. As Bob reported
in the March Bandstand, local
planning authorities need to
have agreed development plans
in place to prevent speculators
making planning applications for
unsuitable locations. Our local plan,
the SWDP (which covers Malvern
Hills, Worcester City and Wychavon),
is making painfully slow progress
and is now a year or more behind
schedule, although agreement was
reached recently on the number
of houses to be built in this area
before 2030, that is, 28,200. It is not
likely to be finalised before 2015
and, until then, more
speculative planning
applications like
the one for Hayslan
Fields are expected.
Meanwhile,
Malvern Town
Council has at last
begun to prepare
a Neighbourhood
Development
Plan. Bob has been trying to
get the Town Council to start
this process since spring, 2012.
This will support the SWDP and
strengthen the community’s ability
to resist unsuitable developments
in future. The Civic Society was
recently invited to join the monthly
Neighbourhood Planning Working
Party meetings. This will be a long
process, perhaps two years or more,
and will involve public consultations
and a referendum, but hopefully
it will enable residents to feel
they have a say in future planning
proposals.
Civic
Week and
Edwardian
Malvern pages 4 & 5
RHS Malvern Spring Garden Show 2014
Thanks to High Street Malvern, a stand was made available in Wyre Hall at the Spring Garden Show.
Local societies – Malvern Civic Society, Malvern Spa Association, Malvern Radar and Technology
Association joined with Great Malvern Priory to make the best use of a small space.
It was eye-catching enough to attract a number of visitors – and the judges who awarded it a second
prize!
John Harcup, Malvern Civic Society, Museum and Spa Association.
3
Malvern Civic Society
CIVIC WEEK 11-20 July 2014
Katharine Barber
This year’s theme is ‘Edwardian
Malvern’ celebrating that period
between Victoria’s reign and the
outbreak of WWI, 1901-1914. This
time is depicted in the novels of
Byrne is returning for a third year,
this time to talk about E. M. Forster
and also to tell us about her new
book, Dido Belle and the Abolition
of the Slave Trade – recently made
into a film called simply ‘Belle’.
The opening ceremony on 12th
All Saints Malvern Wells,
Clockwise from top left - E.M.Forster,
Troyte Griffith, Henry Sandon,
Sir Edwin Lutyens
E. M. Forster, and in the Merchant
Ivory films based on them. Paula
July will include the prize-giving
ceremony for the Schools’ Literary
Competition, the subject of which
this year was ‘Water. Water……’
Edwardian Malvern
The view from Belle Vue Terrace, 1911
John Dixon
For the people of Malvern the first
of January, 1900, marked not only
the beginning of a new century
but also of a new era, for on that
day Lady Emily Foley died. During
her long widowhood of 54 years,
she had kept a firm hand on the
developing spa town as Lord of the
Manor. The townspeople must have
felt that Malvern would never be
the same again, particularly when, a
year later, Queen Victoria also died,
ushering in the Edwardian age.
However, life in Malvern went
on in much the same sedate,
confident way. The town was
still expanding; more houses for
working people and attractive Arts
and Crafts houses for the more
prosperous were being built. The
Architects and designers are
included in the programme.
Jeremy Hardie will give a talk on
Elgar’s architect friend, Troyte
Griffith, in the church he designed,
All Saints at Malvern Wells. We will
hear about the work of Sir Edwin
Lutyens from his grandson, Martin
Lutyens. There will also be a guided
tour of Misarden Park, where Sir
Edwin was influential, followed
by a visit to the Arts and Crafts
house and Edwardian garden at
Rodmarton Manor. There is a talk
on the Arts and Crafts Movement
from the Curator of the Wilson
Museum in Cheltenham and a visit
to the museum.
Henry Sandon will be displaying
his expertise on porcelain on
Saturday, 19th. Items of Edwardian
porcelain can be brought along for
him to describe and possibly value.
Music of the period will be
performed at three concerts and
walks, talks and displays will focus
on other Edwardian aspects.
Malvern is predominantly thought
of as a Victorian town but we hope
to show that it blossomed in the
Edwardian era too.
Full details are in the Civic Week
Programme and on our website.
numerous hotels and boarding
houses still seemed to be doing a
good trade, judging by the pages
in the local newspapers devoted to
listing visitors. Crowded excursion
trains from Birmingham and the
Black Country were still depositing
4
their passengers at Malvern Link
station. Six new churches were built
during this period and religion still
had a powerful influence. Some
prominent buildings were added
to the town centre, particularly the
handsome Public Library which
BANDSTAND June 2014
An Edwardian house
in Malvern
Andrew Huntley
My family home is an Edwardian
house in Malvern, built in 1908.
From the outside, the house is
unremarkable, rendered with a
slate roof and partly submerged in
climbing plants – a house in need
of a haircut. Indoors, however, you
are immediately aware that the
house has a distinctive style. The
clues are the details of the doors
to the principal rooms, the design
of the stained glass in the front
door and the original fireplace in
the dining room. These details
are typical of the Arts and Crafts
movement begun by William Morris
which inspired artists, architects and
designers from about 1890 to 1930.
The house was designed by
Crouch and Butler, prominent
Birmingham architects. Crouch and
Butler also designed the Malvern
library and a number of houses in
Court Road. They were patrons
of the Bromsgrove Guild, a cooperative of craftsmen, founded
in 1894 to provide employment
for metal workers. The Guild
manufactured the gates
and railings for Davenham,
Dyson Perrins’ house, as
well as more mundane
products like metal
casement windows and
ironmongery. The ethos
was to promote the
work of craftsmen and a
rejection of what Crouch
and Butler described
as “the death of the inventiveness
on the part of the worker as an
individual”.
I discovered the original
architectural drawings at the Hive
in Worcester. It was an exciting
moment, waiting for the boxes
full of drawings to arrive and not
knowing what I might find. The
drawings made me realise how
different the way of life was 100
years ago. Imagine living without
a washing machine, electricity or
cars. Most houses were built with
a kitchen, a scullery (for washing
clothes and dishes) and a coal hole.
My original tall chimney stacks were
later reduced in height. Unusual for
its time, a motor ‘shed’ (16ft x 10ft)
was added to the house in 1909.
And what about the first owner
of the house and enthusiastic
pioneer motorist? His name was
Arnold Steynor who was a dentist
practising at Buckingham House,
Graham Road. He was an active
member of the Malvern Concert
Club and the house
has a music room.
Is it possible that
Elgar played here?
Arnold married
Alice Machin. Over
the front door,
there is a plaque to
commemorate their marriage and
start of their life together with the
‘M’ and the ‘S’ skilfully intertwined.
No doubt a piece of work by a
Bromsgrove Guild stonemason.
Mr and Mrs Steynor had a long and
happy association with the house,
brought up their family there, and
finally sold it in 1960.
Elgar who, although he left Malvern
in 1904, had brought reflected
glory to the town by his musical
genius. Malvern’s second industry
– education – was flourishing; there
were more than twenty private
schools in the town at this time.
All seemed well in the long hot
summers of the Edwardian age.
Yet this superficial confidence
masked increasing problems.
Malvern’s elegant façade hid the
fact that the great days of the
fashionable spa were already over.
Most of the water doctors had died
or departed. Some of the hotels
and boarding houses were already
beginning to close down. The last
remaining hydrotherapy centre
was undermined by an outbreak
of typhoid fever in 1905 and went
bankrupt in 1913. Yet, although
these events cast a shadow over the
town, probably few Malvernians had
any inkling of the nightmare which
awaited them in August 1914.
Malvern would indeed never be the
same again.
Morgan Motor Works, Malvern Link
opened in 1906. Motor cars were
to be seen more frequently on local
roads, (H.F.S. Morgan started his
Motor Company in Malvern Link
in 1910) and surprisingly, in such a
hilly area, bicycles were popular. A
keen local cyclist was Mr Edward
5
Malvern Civic Society
News from Malvern
Cemetery
Carleton Tarr
There has been a busy schedule
of events in the cemetery during
the last few weeks. As reported
in the last Bandstand, a great
deal of effort has been put into
refurbishing the graves of the
remarkable Foster family of
cricketers. Steve Allard, the Callow
End stonemason, and his team did
a wonderful job in
removing, renovating
and re-assembling
the graves. Many
of the stones were
extremely heavy,
but the task was
completed well in
time for the special
commemoration
day fixed for Tuesday
13th May, to coincide
with the centenary
of the death of ‘Tip’
Foster, the most
celebrated of the
Foster sons. A
very moving and
enjoyable service of
thanksgiving was held in Malvern
College Chapel, attended by eleven
members of the Foster family and
by many from the cricketing world,
from Malvern College and from the
Civic Society.
Another grave, the most
celebrated in the cemetery, has
also been receiving attention.
Jenny Lind, the ‘Swedish
She gave me some fascinating
Nightingale’, a Victorian superstar,
details about Jenny Lind. For
died in her house at Wynds Point
example, when she was a young
near British Camp in 1887 and
girl, although she had a very warm
was buried in the cemetery. The
and attractive personality, she
Jenny Lind Society of Stockholm, in
Jenny’s Swedish homeland, became was convinced that she was ugly.
A close friend, the older Danish
concerned that the grave needed
attention and decided to finance its writer Hans Christian Anderson,
wrote his story ‘The Ugly Duckling’
renovation. Part 1 of the scheme –
to persuade her otherwise. Her
the cleaning of the Swedish granite
operatic voice was very pure and
gravestone – is now complete, and
clear, but what
Part 2, the
made such an
cleaning
The newly-refurbished
impact was her
of the
Foster graves
natural style of
acting. After
touring Europe
she first came to
London in 1847
and ‘Jenny Lind
Fever’ gripped the
capital. She then
surrounding
toured America where audiences
stones and
were equally ecstatic. With her
railings and
erection of an husband and three children she
came to live in England in 1858 and
information
finally bought her house Wynds
board, is
Point in 1883. She was extremely
now under
kind and generous to good causes
way. Steve
The grave of
Allard is again such as Worcester Royal Infirmary.
Jenny Lind
When Jenny died Queen Victoria,
carrying out
the work and one of her greatest fans, was heartbroken and Jenny was buried in a
the society’s
shawl which the Queen had given
chairman of the Friends of Malvern
her.
Cemeteries group is also involved.
Sarah Dunsmore wondered
Recently I had the pleasure of
if
Malvern
Civic Society might
meeting Sarah Dunsmore, Jenny
remember her great-grandmother
Lind’s great-granddaughter, who
on her birthday, October 6th, and
was visiting Malvern to discuss the
hoped that something special
next stage of renovation. She has
might be arranged for her 200th
nearly completed a biography of
anniversary in 2020.
her great-grandmother which she
hopes will soon be published.
WELL DRESSING 2014
The Annual May Day Bank Holiday well dressing arranged by Malvern Spa Association has been held
for over 10 years. A record 43 springs and wells were decorated this year when the theme was ‘Peace’.
Interpretations of this subject were ingenious, ranging from poppies to poems, tin helmets, a peace
camp, CND logos and grave crosses and white doves of peace. The Chairman’s Cup, awarded to the
best in the event, went to Barbara Meadows for her floral work at Earl Beauchamp Spout on Cowleigh
Bank.
Preparations are in hand for Malvern in Bloom and Britain in Bloom in July when, in order to support
the town’s entry, Chairman John Harcup and Brian Iles will meet the judges and present them with a
portfolio of well dressings arranged during the past year.
John Harcup, Chairman, Malvern Spa Association, Vice-President of Malvern Civic Society.
6
BANDSTAND June 2014
Safeguarding the future for Great Malvern Priory’s bells
Trevor Still
Bells have been rung at Great
Malvern Priory for 600 years.
Bell ringing as we know it today,
(whole circle ringing), has
continued since the 16th century,
in the fine Perpendicular tower
which was modelled on the tower
of Gloucester Cathedral.
The present ring of nine bells
was installed in 1887 for Queen
Victoria’s Golden Jubilee. A
maximum of eight bells is rung at
any one time, but there is a semitone bell which allows a light ring
of six to be rung. Unfortunately,
over the years the bells have
become increasingly difficult to
ring and have now reached the
stage where new young ringers
have found them very challenging
to ring in peal with six or eight
bells. The result is that no new
ringers have joined for the last
ten years and relocation, infirmity
and mortality have caused the
numbers of ringers to dwindle still
further. It was therefore decided
that, unless something was done
to improve the condition of the
bell frame to make it easier for
young people, it was inevitable
that the tradition of bell ringing
would cease.
A report was commissioned from
a firm of consulting engineers
to determine the problem and
to design a solution. Then it was
necessary to obtain a faculty.
A faculty is in effect planning
permission to carry out the work
and is granted by the Chancellor
of the Consistory Court, who is the
legal representative of the Bishop of
Worcester.
The project will be undertaken by
Whitechapel Bell Foundry Limited,
a company founded in 1570. It
requires all the existing bells to be
removed from the tower, together
with all their frames and fittings,
so that two new structural steel
beams and other components can
be installed around the existing
1887 frame, to provide additional
stiffness, strength and stability. The
necessary removal of all the bells
and their fittings presents an
opportunity to add two new
bells, so that a ring of ten bells
will be possible, adding to the
joyous sound of Malvern Priory’s
bells. It was also decided to add
a ‘Dumb Bell’ teaching aid. This
will enable new young ringers to
be taught on a ‘silent bell’, which
can be connected to a laptop
computer, which will allow a
learner to practise ringing with
6 or 8 bells electronically, before
ringing with real bells.
The whole project will cost about
£220,000 and funds have been
raised through various funding
charities, the Heritage Lottery Fund
which awarded £90,200, personal
donations and sponsored Quarter
Peals. The project will start next
year and will take about six months
to complete. Currently we need to
raise another £9,000 to complete
our target.
For further information about this
appeal, or indeed about bell ringing
in general, please contact Trevor at:
[email protected]
The Friends of Malvern’s Railway group
Peter Clement
On 22nd April Lord Faulkner of
Worcester came to Great Malvern
Station and unveiled the totems
which Brian Iles had mounted and
hung in Lady Foley’s Tea Room.
Lord Faulkner then unveiled the
luggage trucks which are located
on platform 1 and in the waiting
room. The Rev John Guise acquired
the rotting trucks some ten years
ago and had painstakingly restored
them before donating them
through the society for display on
the station.
David Redfern has been consulted
to prepare the feasibility cost of
reconstructing the clock tower in
wood, like the original, and, as an
alternative, in GRP (glass-reinforced-
plastic), which
looks like wood.
The total costs
are expected to
be in the region
of £150,000£200,000 and
our next step will
be to engage with
Network Rail and
Railway Heritage Trust
to establish how much
they will fund. The
residue will be down
to us to raise. Paul
Stewart of the Friends
of Malvern’s Railway
has already taken on
the role as fundraiser.
Please contact Paul
The Rev John Guise and
Stewart if you would
Lord Faulkner
like to donate towards
the clock tower project:
[email protected]
Anyone wishing to join the group,
please contact Peter Clement.
The original clock
tower at Great
Malvern Station
7
Malvern Civic Society
FORTHCOMING SOCIETY EVENTS, JULY–OCTOBER
For full details, please refer to the Membership Card.
Friday talks in Christ Church, 7.30 pm
July 11th
God Particle – the Higgs Boson explained for the layman.
September 12th Hampton Court – a fine Herefordshire building revealed.
October 10th
One Hundred Years of British Comic Papers.
Excursions
Full details will be e-mailed to those who book.
Thurs July 17th Art in Action – a special opportunity to enjoy art and gardens on the same excursion as
craftsmen and artists demonstrate their skills in the beautiful surroundings of Waterperry
Gardens, Oxfordshire.
Wed October 8thBirmingham Jewellery Quarter, including the J. W. Evans Silver Factory.
Tues Nov 11th
Love’s Labour’s Lost: a matinée performance at Stratford of a new production of Shakespeare’s
comedy.
Local visits
Full details will be e-mailed to those who book.
Sat July 26th
Perrycroft - the Voysey house and the garden.
Thurs Sep 4th Ledbury - St Michael and All Angels and the Market House.
June 21st
Meeting point: The Market House,
Society walks, Saturdays: start time 10 am
Ledbury OS Ref 711377. Contact:
Roger Hales 01684 576814 Distance:
About 5 miles. A pleasant, fairly level
walk through woodland and pasture
to Eastnor and returning to the centre
of Ledbury. Lunch: At the Prince of
Wales in Church Lane, Ledbury.
September 20th Meeting point: Oak Inn, Staplow OS
Society town walk in May
Ref 691415 (3 miles north of Ledbury
on the B4124) Park your car here but
please inform the landlord that you have done so. Contact: David Street 01684 572801 Distance:
2 ½ miles. A fairly short walk which can be extended if desired. A few stiles and uneven ground.
Part of walk follows the former Hereford and Gloucester Canal. Lunch: Oak Inn, Staplow.
October 18th
Meeting point: The Farmer’s Arms, Birtsmorton. OS Ref 791363 (On lane from Birts Street to
Birtsmorton.) Park in pub car park. Contact: Peter Schofield 01684 899143 Distance: 4.7 miles
taking about 3 hours. There are no stiles. Walking boots are required as ground could be wet.
There may be cattle so NO DOGS please. Agricultural and recreational practices will be discussed,
and common land and wildlife habitats observed. Lunch: available at the pub.
Civic Society website
Have you used the Civic Society’s website recently? We are grateful to Kevin Brewer, our webmaster,
who maintains it for us on a voluntary basis.
Our website is www.malverncivicsociety.org.uk
Articles for the Bandstand?
If you have any comments or ideas for a short article (with photos if possible), please contact the editor
John Dixon by phone on 01684 574144 or by e-mail at [email protected]
8
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