CRIM 12: Criminology Theories Weekly Quiz 01 Note: Due to the public break. Quiz 1 is administered through course management system. Here is the snapshot of the quiz questions. Block 1: Criminology Key Concepts (35 points) Please read the following news story: HONG KONG—The disappearance of hundreds of children in southern China has prompted an outcry among parents who say the government has done little to locate their children or determine what may have happened to them...In one case, the three boys were taken and sold to childless friends of the kidnappers. Four-year-old Tang Duowen was sold for 27,000 yuan (U.S. $3,970). He was let go after he refused to stop crying, officials said. Wen was sold for 40,000 yuan (U.S. $5,882)...Police have drawn up a “wanted” list of the top 50 people they suspect of kidnapping women and children in a series of cases in recent years. Due to the public outcry, the delegates of communities in many provinces suggested a uniformed death penalty on kidnapping offenders regardless of other circumstances, and a life penalty on the individuals who run into the business with the kidnapping offenders. Source: http://www.rfa.org/english/news/china/missing-05042009111344.html (Content has been altered and excerpted for testing purposes). Reflecting from the material we learn this week, answer the following question: 1. (12 Points) The public outcry are often directed to core offenses. Core offenses are the universally condemned crimes mala in se. Please describe at least three characteristics of core crimes. In other words, what all core crimes have in common? 2. (17 points) Two offenders are recently charged with kidnapping of children younger than eight years old. Here are their profile: Offender A allegedly broke into a house with knives with the intention to take the little baby away and sold him in black market for $8,000. Offender B visited her friend's house to talk about the corn business. When her friend was leaving to buy some food for her in the afternoon, she found her friend's little baby is under no guardian. She secretly took the baby away without her friend's consent. She sold the baby for $9,000 on the black market. 1) What is the corpus deliciti for Offender A and Offender B? 2) Using the concept of actus reus and mens rea, discuss why Offender A should be sentenced more harshly than Offender B. If you use the two terms, make sure to explain them. 3) What is the term appropriately define the fact that Offender A actuated his guilty acts with the possession of criminal intention (or guilty mind) at the same time? HTML Editor Review 3. (6 points) Only one answer is correct A fake criminologist named MT read the news about our story and created a "so-called" criminology theory said "all kidnappers are the condemned creatures from the world of devils." Is this a good theory? If not, what criteria of social science theory did the proposed theory failed to meet? A) No, the proposed theory is not falsifiable. B) No, the proposed theory failed to possess predictive accuracy. C) No, the proposed theory failed to meet the criteria of simplicity. D) Yes, it is a good theory. E) A& B& C Block 2: American Criminal Justice System (35 points) Watch the following video until 0:35 (Your time watching the video has already been bonused into the total time of the quiz). Copy and paste the following link to your browser: http://www.nbcnews.com/video/mom-pleads-guilty-tokilling-kids-putting-bodies-in-freezer-472975427632 OP EN A NEW TAB TO W ATCH I T P LEASE, DO NOT LEAVE TEST AREA BY ENTERI NG THI S LI NK TO THE CURRENT TAB! DETROIT, M.I. - Mitchelle Blair, 36, pleads guilty to killing her daughter, 13-year-old Stoni Blair, and son, 9year-old Stephen Berry. Authorities found the children's bodies in a freezer in her Detroit, Mich., home. The clip is a court process where many offenders experienced in the full American Criminal Justice cycle. Please answer the following questions based on our discussion of American Criminal Justice system. Review 4. (6 points) In this video, Blair has already moved to a process where she must give a formal response on whether she plead guilty or not guilty. Blair is now in _____________ process of American Criminal Justice system. A) Preliminary Arraignment B) Arraignment C) Hearing D) Bench Trial E) Preliminary Hearing Review 5. (7 points) TRUE OR FALSE: A large majority of all felony cases in the United States are settled by the guilty bargains. A) True B) False Review 6. (10 points) What is the difference between probation and parole? How much chance do you think Blair will receive a probation (not need to be accurate)? HTML Editor Review 7. (12 points) The preliminary hearing is proceeding before a magistrate or judge in which three major matters must be decided:(Choose ALL correct answers, there may be more than one correct answer, but not necessarily three). This is a multiple select question. A) Whether a crime has been actually committed B) Whether or not there are reasonable grounds to believe that the person before the bench committed it C) Whether or not the crime was committed in the jurisdiction of the court D) the seriousness of crime and a recommendation of sentence E) Whether the prosecutor recommended a suitable sentence to the judges. Block 3: Crime Statistics and Crime Reporting (35 points, including 5 Bonus Points) The following graph represents the trends of different kinds of crime in a period of time. Specifically, the y-axis denotes the number of such crimes reported by police and the x-axis denotes the year such record was recorded. The time ranged from early 20th century to the first decade of 21st century. 8. (7 points) Which of the following is not a Part-I crime in UCR Report? A) Arson B) Motor Vehicle Theft C) Forcible Rape D) Larceny E) Embezzlement 9. (8 points) One of the lines in the graph features the number of robberies in the kingdom of Badchocolate last year. Suppose the town has a population of 5,000,000 and the dot on the year 1993 denotes a 2,000 (meaning there are 2000 robberies per the entire population of the kingdom). The crime rate for robbery is the town of Badchocolate. 10. (8 points) Fill in the blank with "lower" or "higher" or "equal". The crime rate in early-20th century is in much than 1980s. Violent crime rate in 2010 is substantially than 1990. 11. (12 points) (Including 5 Bonus Points Possible) Which time period do you think the peak of this graph is referred to? What made the lines going down after the peak?Can you try to make a reasonable guess?(For this question, you do not need to be perfectly correct. As long as you make a valid argument, you will get full credits).