MUSIC HISTORY 1 – Mr. Thompson MID-TERM EXAM STUDY GUIDE MEDIEVAL PERIOD What is GREGORIAN CHANT? Name a composer during this period. What is the difference between POLYPHONIC music and MONOPHONIC music? What was the “love song” of this time? What is the difference between syllabic singing and melismatic singing ? What was known as the artistic center for poets, actors, musicians, etc. during this time? What was the difference between a minstrel and a troubadour? Name a composer of ORGANUM. What composer is credited with creating 4-part POLYPHONY? Name 2 “hauts” medieval musical instruments. Name 2 “bas” medieval musical instruments. RENAISSANCE PERIOD What does the word RENAISSANCE mean? Where did this movement originate? How does the art & music of this period differ from that of the MEDIEVAL period? Name a composer during this period. Who was known as the “Michaelangelo” of music during this period? What movement during this time started the PROTESTANT church? What was the most popular music (genre) of this time? Who was known as the “savior of church music” during this period? Name a visual artist of this time. BAROQUE PERIOD Where does this period get its name? What makes the BAROQUE style unique? What are 3 characteristics of BAROQUE music? What was the definitive instrument of this period? Name a BAROQUE composition utilizing RITORNELLO FORM. What is a MOTET (4 criteria)? Who was the first composer to write FULLY FUNCTIONAL HARMONY? Who composed the opera ORFEO? What is a SONATA DE CHIESA? What is a SONATA DE CAMERA? What is the DIFFERENCE between the two? What is the difference between a solo concerto and a concerto grosso? Who popularized the BAROQUE SONATA? Who popularized the BAROQUE CONCERTO? What instrument is featured as soloist in “The Seasons”? Who were the two great figures of the LATE BAROQUE period? For what group did BACH write/perform most of his SECULAR music? Who composed WATER MUSIC, and where does it get its name? What language was the ORATORIO performed in? There might also be an example of FIGURED BASS that you must decipher correctly. GLOSSARY – (terms give the definition) PLAINSONG LITURGICAL MASS ORGANUM SECULAR BASSO CONTINUO RECITATIVE LIBRETTO ARIA VIRTUOSO HUMANISM CHANSON IDIOMATIC MUSIC CADENZA FUGUE CANTATA GENRES – (be prepared to give an example of each) GREGORIAN CHANT OPERA ORATORIO SOLO CONCERTO CONCERTO GROSSO MOTET DANCE SUITE COMPOSERS – (be prepared to MATCH each composer with one of their works and/or cite works by the following) Hildegard Of Bingen Josquin Desprez Giovanni Gabrieli Claudio Monteverdi Antonio Vivaldi George Frederic Handel Johann Sebastian Bach ESSAY – POSSIBLE essay questions to appear: What was the “Age Of Cathedrals”? Why was it called this? Where did this movement occur? What are examples of structures from this period? Discuss the changes that occurred in ART from the Medieval period to the Renaissance. What were the differences between the art from each of these periods? Cite a visual artist of the time as an example. What was the COUNTER REFORMATION? Who started this movement? What was the CATHOLIC REFORMATION? Who initiated this movement? How did this affect the music of the time and who “saved” it? What was the RENIASSANCE movement? Where did it originate? What does the word RENAISSANCE mean? examples of RENAISSANCE music. Give examples of RENAISSANCE art. Give Describe the ART of the BAROQUE period. Discuss the origins of the word BAROQUE. What are the discerning characteristics of BAROQUE music? Cite examples. Discuss the music of the LATE BAROQUE period. Who were the major musical figures from this period? What were their contributions to music? Examine the development of music and its forms during this time. What was the life of a composer like during the BAROQUE period? How did most of these composers support themselves? What did it take for a composer to gain fame and fortune? Discuss the lives of BAROQUE composers and cite examples. LISTENING EXAMPLES – remember that you will hear 5 (five) examples of music. They will be either MEDIEVAL, RENAISSANCE, or BAROQUE QUESTIONS x 10 = 50 GLOSSARY x 5 = 25 GENRES x 5 = 25 COMPOSERS x 5 = 25 ESSAY x 1 = 50 LISTENING x 5 = 25 TOTAL = 200 points Good luck!