Mercantilism, Enlightenment, and Great Awakening Part 1: Mercantilism Video Thought Questions 1. Based on the video, what is mercantilism? 2. Why are colonies important in a mercantilist system? Part 2: Mercantilism Notes ________________________: Idea that a nation must __________________________________________ in the following ways… o _____________________________________________________ o ______________________________________________________-increasing exports (selling) and limiting imports (buying) o ______________________________________________________ Colonies can provide cheap raw materials Colonies can provide a market Mercantilism designed to make sure that trade involving America benefitted _________________________________________________ Mercantilism causes Britain to pass the _______________________________________________ o Examples of Navigation Acts: Navigation Acts of 1650—all trade had to be conducted on English (or American) ships Navigation Acts of 1660—Ship crews had to be ¾ English (or American) certain products (tobacco, sugar, etc) could only be shipped to England Navigation Acts of 1663—Certain goods that were being shipped to the colonies from other countries had to be shipped to England first o The Navigation Acts were difficult to enforce. Many colonists continued to _____________________________________________________________________________________. o Britain ignored smuggling as long as colonists were MOSTLY loyal toBritain… this was called ____________________________________________________________ Thought Questions: 3. What is mercantilism? 4. How could mercantilism help cause the American Revolution? 5. How could the British policy of “Salutary Neglect” help cause the American Revolution? Part 3: Enlightenment Before the Enlightenment After the Enlightenment • Applied superstition to solve difficult questions. “It’s god’s will.” • Devine right of the King: the king has the right to rule because god made him King • Religious persecution • One branch of government has most power (King) • Applied ________________________________ to solve difficult questions about politics, society, science, and religion • Locke—contract theory of government, individuals have “_________________________________” (life, liberty, property) • Voltaire—religious ____________________ • Montesquieu—_________________________ of government • Rousseau—social contract (democracy, sort of) Thomas Jefferson and Benjamin Franklin were was inspired by enlightenment thinkers Thought Questions: 6. Who were two American thinkers who were influenced by the enlightenment? 7. How democratic are Enlightenment ideas? Explain 8. How could Enlightenment ideas cause the American Revolution? Part 4: Great Awakening Video 9. What was the Great Awakening? 10. How did it change religion in America? Part 5: Great Awakening Notes Major _________________________________________ Began in New England Jonathan Edwards, “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God” George Whitefield More _________________________ than previous religious movements Decreased participation in British churches (like _____________________________________ and the _________________________________). Increased participation in American ___________________ churches (like Baptist Church) Spread throughout the colonies Thought Question: 11. What was the Great Awakening? 12. How could the Great Awakening lead to the American Revolution?